Allyson Burbeck has long been interested in graffiti and street art.
...Allyson’s work is significant [because] she not only interprets and captures the spirit of Chicanismo but also examines Denver’s systemic policies of cultural erasure, gentrification, and displacement.”
–Lucha Martinez, director of the Chicano Murals of Colorado Project
She wrote her undergraduate thesis on graffiti art in 1980s New York. So, it wasn’t a surprise that the robust graffiti and street art scene in Denver drew her to CU Boulder for a master’s degree in art history.
Captivated by the colorful, historic murals painted by Chicano and Chicana artists in the La Alma-Lincoln Park area in Denver, Burbeck focused her graduate thesis on examining the history and legacy of Chicana/o muralism in the neighborhood. Chicana/o are people of Mexican decsent born in the United States. The term came into use as a symbol of pride by Mexican Americans during the Chicano movement in the 1960s.
“Proximity to the street art capital of Denver was one of the reasons I chose to come to CU,” Burbeck said. “After seeing the murals, I felt compelled to do more research on them.”
About 30 historic murals are painted on the sides of buildings, schools and in alleys along Santa Fe Drive and in the residential area of the neighborhood.
As she began learning about the history of Chicanas/os living in the Denver area, particularly during the Chicano Movement in the 1960s and ’70s, she met Lucha Martinez, director of the Chicano Murals of Colorado Project, to dive deeper into the background of the murals and the artists.
The mural tradition is a distinct Colorado aesthetic that developed to proudly depict the cultural heritage of historically marginalized communities, while creating a sense of place in the urban and rural landscape, says Martinez. Fifty years ago, the state was on the forefront of a nationwide art movement, but due to the lack of support from local cultural institutions, then and today, the relevance of Chicana/o muralism in Colorado continues to be devalued.
“For this reason, I believe Allyson’s work is significant,” Martinez said. “She not only interprets and captures the spirit of Chicanismo but also examines Denver’s systemic policies of cultural erasure, gentrification, and displacement. It is my hope that Allyson’s work will help to shed light on the historical significance of the Chicana/o mural tradition and encourage others to advocate for the preservation of Colorado’s visual heritage that celebrates a more concise history describing the diversity of the state.”
In her thesis, Burbeck investigates the connection between Chicana/o muralism and “placemaking” as the neighborhood faces gentrification.
Emanuel Martinez, an internationally renowned Chicano artist, pioneered Colorado's contemporary mural movement. He lived in the neighborhood and started painting public murals with the support of community members. The murals reflect the culture and the political climate of the time.
Collaborating on these murals in the neighborhood with the community brought about a sense of belonging and security for the people living there that remains today, Burbeck wrote in her thesis.
She looked at the idea of Aztlan, the ancestral homeland of the Aztecs, and related the place of origin to Chicano history and art. Although the exact location of Aztlan is unknown—it is theorized to be in the American Southwest or northern Mexico—it represents the genesis of cultural identity for Chicana/o peoples.
Burbeck says that many of the Denver murals evoke the Aztlan concept to demonstrate the connection between contemporary Chicana/o community and an ancient culture and history. The idea of Aztlan instills a feeling of home and belonging.
Artists and community members are still creating murals in Denver.
“There is still a strong Chicana/o community in La Alma-Lincoln Park, although gentrification is taking place,” Burbeck said. “The community is working with the organization Historic Denver to have the neighborhood designated as a historic cultural district in the city of Denver. That would give them more control over the changes that could happen to the neighborhood and give the Chicana/o community a greater ability to protect these extraordinary murals.”