## Research Areas

The study of computational mathematics has grown rapidly over the past 15 years and has allowed mathematicians to answer questions and develop insights not possible only 20-30 years ago. Modern computational methods require an in-depth knowledge of a variety of mathematical subjects which include linear algebra, analysis, ordinary and partial differential equations, asymptotic analysis, elements of harmonic analysis, and nonlinear equations.

Since computers are invaluable tools for an applied mathematician, students are expected to attain a highly professional level of computer literacy and gain a substantial knowledge of operating systems and hardware.

Computational mathematics courses include the study of computational linear algebra, optimization, numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations, solution of nonlinear equations as well as advanced seminars in wavelet and multi-resolution analysis.

Below is a list of faculty who work closely with this type of research:

Primary Faculty:

- Daniel Appelö
- Stephen Becker
- Gregory Beylkin
- Adrianna Gillman
- Bengt Fornberg

Secondary Faculty:

- David Bortz
- Ian Grooms
- Keith Julien
- François Meyer

Recent advances in our ability to quantitatively study biological phenomena have provided a tremendous number of exciting opportunities for applied mathematicians. The careful modeling, analysis, and simulation of these systems using the standard tools of applied mathematics has led to novel and non-intuitive insights into biology.

Furthermore, deeper understanding of the inherently complex and multiscale nature of biological systems, in many cases, requires the development of new mathematical tools, techniques, and methodologies (a challenge to which applied mathematics is particularly well suited). Research areas in APPM encompass immunology, infectious diseases, cardiology, neuroscience, and population genetics.

See the Mathematical Biology Group page

Below is a list of faculty who work closely with this type of research:

Primary Faculty:

Secondary Faculty:

Mathematical geosciences encompass quantitative modeling, analysis, and simulation of all aspects of the Earth system. Our faculty's research intersects a broad range of geosciences: from the geodynamo to ocean circulation, from computational methods for seismic imaging to the impacts of weather on epidemiology, from tsunamis to stochastic weather generators. The complex and multiscale nature of geophysical systems, in many cases, requires the development of new mathematical models and simulation strategies, a challenge to which applied mathematics is particularly well suited.

Appropriate coursework includes analysis and computation, probability and statistics, as well as background courses in one of the sciences or engineering fields in which one intends to do research.

Below is a list of faculty who work closely with this type of research:

Primary Faculty:

Secondary Faculty:

**Physical Applied Mathematics is a term that generally refers to the study of mathematical problems with direct physical application. This area of research is intrinsically interdisciplinary. Research problems invariably lead to complex nonlinear phenomena so that, in addition to mathematical analysis, their solution requires a deep understanding of the underlying application area, and often requires knowledge and experience in numerical computation. The faculty in Applied Mathematics specializing in this area of research generally work on problems in nonlinear waves, dynamical systems, partial differential equations and applications. Topics of interest include wave motion, solitons and traveling waves, dispersive shock waves, integrable systems, pattern formation, qualitative structure and bifurcation theory, dynamics on networks, and transport phenomena. Application areas include numerous areas of physics (fluid dynamics, condensed matter, optics, plasma), biology (neural systems, ecology), and sociology (crime, social networks).**

**Courses in this field include dynamical systems, nonlinear waves, and many advanced seminar courses. Research talks in this field are regularly offered in the Dynamics Seminar and the Nonlinear Waves Seminar.**

**Suitable background coursework includes analysis, numerical analysis, partial differential equations, mathematical modeling, and methods of applied mathematics.**

Below is a list of faculty who work closely with this type of research:

Primary Faculty

Secondary Faculty

Almost all natural phenomena in the technological, biological, physical and social sciences have random components. Applied probability is the application of probabilistic methods to understand the random elements in real-life problems. Statistics is the science of using data, which typically arises from the randomness inherent in nature, to gain new knowledge.

Research areas of the applied math and affiliated faculty exhibit this interplay between mathematics and real-life problems. Areas of current interest include optimization of stochastic networks; the study of stochastic processes and stochastic differential equations in hydrology and telecommunications; probabilistic models, and statistical tests based on these models, in genetics and RNA sequencing; extreme value theory in estimation of maximal wind speeds.

Appropriate coursework includes analysis, probability and statistics, as well as background courses in one of the sciences or engineering fields in which one intends to do research.

Below is a list of faculty who work closely with this type of research:

Primary Faculty:

- Jem Corcoran
- Vanja Dukic
- Anne Dougherty
- William Kleiber
- Manuel Lladser
- François Meyer
- Maziar Raissi
- Eric Vance

Secondary: