Published: Oct. 6, 2020

As a part of the Buff community, there are things we can do to create and maintain an inclusive campus environment. When it comes to looking out for each other, both on and off campus,  here are some tips for being an ally and addressing harmful language or actions when you see or hear them.

Learn and listen

Begin with educating yourself about the lived experiences of others from different backgrounds and identities. This includes people from cultures, ethnicities, identities and abilities that vary from your own.

Make an effort to be inclusive in your daily life - be mindful of the language you use and the content you share on social media. As you learn more, reflect on and acknowledge the privileges and biases you may have. Confronting our own biases is uncomfortable and it isn’t easy, but it’s necessary to help create change.

Be an effective bystander

Having the skills to address racism, sexism, homophobia or other acts directed at those who are targeted or marginalized when we see or hear it is a critical way to be an ally. There are many effective bystander strategies for helping, and even small actions can have a big impact.

Your own identity is an important aspect of what strategies may work best for you in any particular situation. It can be exhausting for people who have been marginalized to constantly feel like they have to address problematic comments or behaviors. Depending on the situation, you may decide to walk away from the conversation and instead seek support or rely on other allies to do the heavy lifting.

Have the tough but important conversations

Confronting harmful language or actions may lead to some tough conversations with close friends, family members and colleagues. Yet it is important that we have these conversations. 

With addressing someone’s words or actions, you’ll want to be strategic about your approach. Think about what outcome you hope for from the conversation. Are you hoping to get someone to change their behavior? Show solidarity with someone who’s being harmed or targeted? Set a boundary for future interactions? Before going into a potentially difficult conversation, it’s important to check in with ourselves about what we’re hoping to achieve and what might realistically happen.

It can help to approach the situation with compassion and curiosity, and assume that the person didn’t intend to be inappropriate or offensive. We can’t really know what is in someone’s heart.  If possible, avoid getting angry with someone who makes a one-off inappropriate comment. This could put them on the defensive, which reduces the likelihood that they will actually change their behavior. Regardless of their intent, showing compassion gives them the opportunity to save face and do better in the moment or in the future. Here are some examples of how you could approach the conversation:

  • “You may not realize that the comment you made had a negative impact. I’m wondering if we could talk about it.” 
  • “I think we have different perceptions about this issue. I would like to hear more about where you’re coming from.”
  • “I hear where you’re coming from and I know some people feel differently. Would you be open to hearing other perspectives?”
  • “I don’t agree with what you said. I’m wondering what your evidence for that is (or I’m wondering what led you to this belief).”

When we have tough conversations, they may become heated or escalate more than we had expected. If need be, ask to take a break and return to the conversation after everyone has time to cool off.

Change doesn’t happen overnight. Conversations don’t always resolve the way we’d like, and sometimes seeing progress requires a series of conversations and a willingness to keep trying.