In striving to improve the quality of life for patients, our research focuses on fundamental understanding of key questions to enable intelligent medical devices and surgical tools which are, in turn, setting a foundation for patient-specific medical care and ultimately leading toward an operating room of the future. These efforts include design of novel surgical tools and devices, characterization and modeling of how these tools and devices interact with the patient, and optimization based on these models. Research areas include surgical robotics, intelligent medical devices, surgical tools, and non-invasive sensory measurement devices.