My research topics include climate and paleoclimate modeling, polar climate, climate model evaluation, Arctic Ocean and sea ice variability, Arctic freshwater dynamics, cryosphere, oceanography, and modeling of isotopes.
- PhD: McGill University, 2010
- Dipl: Free University of Berlin, 2004
- Exchange student: University of Washington in Seattle, 2001
- Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship for experienced researchers, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, 2022
- Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award, National Science Foundation, 2019
- Advanced Study Program Postdoctoral Fellowship, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 2012
- Christine Mirzayan National Academies Policy Fellowship, National Academy of Sciences, 2010
- PhD Fellowship, German National Academic Foundation, 2006
- Outstanding student scholarship, German National Academic Foundation, 2001
- Fulbright Travel Award, The Fulbright Program, 2001
- Exchange Fellowship, Free University of Berlin and University of Washington, 2001
Current projects are described on the Polar and Paleoclimate Modeling research group pages.
Climate models are a powerful tool to understand dynamics in the climate system: they offer the unique advantage of providing a self-consistent dataset that can be used to study mechanisms, perform sensitivity studies, and test hypotheses. While model studies have provided critical insights on climate system functioning, it is important to remember that they are approximations of the real world. Connecting model results with observational data is therefore essential, and much of my research is motivated by the desire to improve model-data comparisons, for example through model developments that make model variables more comparable to observed data.
I am particularly interested in the climate of the polar regions, particularly the Arctic Ocean. Beside its breathtaking beauty, the Arctic Ocean is also the region where we see the largest climate changes occurring. Given that observational data in the Arctic is very limited, model studies are a great tool to better understand Arctic climate processes and their global impacts. In order to better predict future changes in the Arctic, for example when certain regions of the Arctic Ocean will become consistently accessible to commercial shipping during the summer, it is crucial to improve our understanding of the observed changes, as well as the shortcomings of the current generation of climate models. One of my main research foci is to understand the role of natural variability versus forced trends in the Arctic ocean and sea ice system during the 20th and 21st century. In this work, my main focus is on the Arctic sea ice and oceanic freshwater dynamics.
In addition to the present day changes, polar regions also played a key role in the past: Glaciations were initiated in the high northern latitudes, and Dansgaard-Oeschger and Heinrich events, which are among the most rapid climate change events on record, also originated in the high northern latitudes. We know about these past changes from paleo records (e.g., from ice cores and ocean sediment cores). Model simulations are uniquely suited to test hypotheses based on paleo records and to examine the physical mechanisms that led to these large climate shifts, as they provide consistent datasets and allow for sensitivity studies. My paleo-research is currently focussed on the climate at the Last Glacial Maximum (21 ka BP), during the deglaciation (21 ka BP to ~11 ka BP), and the climate of the Holocene (11 ka BP to the present), with the main focus on changes in the ocean circulation during these times.
- ATOC1060: Our Changing Environment
- Discusses Earth's climate for non-science majors
- ATOC5051: Introduction to Physical Oceanography
- Introduction to physical oceanography for graduate students
- ATOC6800: Scientific Writing
- Focuses on how to write compelling scientific journal articles, for graduate students
- ATOC4850/ATOC5850: Numerical Methods Laboratory
- Introduction to numerical methods in ATOC, for undergraduate and graduate students
- ATOC4500: Research Experience in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
- Course based research experience for undergraduate students, learning about research and doing actual research
Former students and postdocs
- Abigail Smith, PhD 2021
- Patricia DeRepentigny, PhD 2021
- Hannah Zanowski, Postdoctoral scholar, 2019-2021