Latest Publications

  1. White, T.J.*, Dickey, M.D., Hayward, R.C., Ware, T.H., and Hebner, T.S., “Programmable Soft Matter:  Shaping Function”, Science, 2023, submitted (3rd revision).
  2. Colorado Escobar, M., and White, T.J.*, “Fast and Slow-Twitch Actuation via Twisted Liquid Crystal Elastomer Fibers”, Science Robotics, 2023, under review.
  3. Hernandez, J.J., Niemet, C.E., Sanchez, C.M., Soars, S., Mavila, S., White, T.J., and Bowman, C.N.*, “Low-Temperature Reprocessing of Covalent Adaptable Networks via Thiol-Thioaminal Exchange”, Polymer Chemistry, 2023, under review.
  4. Schlafmann, K. R., Alahmed, M.S., Pearl, H., and White, T.J.*, “Thermochromic Performance of Cholesteric Liquid Crystalline Elastomers with Tunable Intermolecular Interactions”, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2023, under review.
  5. Nelson, B.R., Kirkpatrick, B.E., Skillin, N.P., Di Caprio, N., Lee, J.S., Hibbard, L.P., Hach, G.K., Khang, A., White, T.J., Burdick, J.A., Bowman, C.N., and Anseth, K.S.*, “Facile Physicochemical Reprogramming of PEG-Dithiolane Microgels”, Advanced Healthcare Materials, 2023, accepted.
  6. Skillin, N.P., Bauman, G.E., Kirkpatrick, B.E., McCracken, J.M., Park, K., Vaia, R.A., Anseth, K.S., and White, T.J.*, “Efficient Photothermal Actuation of Thick 3D-Printed Liquid Crystalline Elastomer Nanocomposites”, Advanced Materials, 2023, under review (invited submission).
  7. Fowler, H.E., Pearl, H.M., and White, T.J.,* “Enhanced Electromechanical Output in Liquid Crystal Elastomers Prepared by Thiol-ene Photopolymerization”, Advanced Materials Technologies, 2023, submitted.
  8. Jaeschke, M.W., Borelli, A.N., Skillin, N.P., White, T.J., and Anseth, K.S.*, “Engineering an Injectable Hydrazone and Triazole Crosslinked Hydrogel for 3D Printing and Cell Delivery”, Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 2023, submitted.
  9. Skillin, N.P., Kirkpatrick, B.E., Herbert, K.M., Nelson, B.R., Hach, G.K., Günay, K.A., Khan, R.M., DelRio, F.W., White, T.J.*, and Anseth, K.S.*, “Stiffness anisotropy coordinates supracellular contractility driving long-range myotube-ECM alignment”, bioRxiv 2023.08.08.55219 (under review, Science Advances).
  10. Radka, B.P., Lee, T., Smalyukh, I.I., White, T.J.*,The association of structural chirality and liquid crystal anchoring in stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Soft Matter, 2023, in press.
  11. Pranda, P.A., Hedegaard, A., Kim, H., Clapper, J., Nelson, E., Hines, L., Hayward, R.C.*, White, T.J.*, “Directional adhesion of monodomain liquid crystalline elastomers”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2024, in press.
  12. Fowler, H.E., Pearl, H.M., Hoang, J.D., and White, T.J.*, "Liquid Crystal Elastomers Prepared by Thiol-ene Photopolymerization Amenable to Surface-Enforced Alignment", Macromolecules, 2023, in press.
  13. Herman, J.A., Hoang, J.D., McCracken, J.M., and White, T.J., "Compositional and Temperature Dependence of Amorphous Polymer Networks Undergoing Mechanotropic Phase Transitions", Macromolecules, 2023, in press.
  14. Radka, B.P., Pande, G.K., and White, T.J., “Electrochemical and optical effect of ionic dopants on polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Liquid Crystals, 2023, in press.
  15. McDougall, L., Herman, J.A., Huntley, E., Leguizamon, S., Cook, A., White, T.J., Kaehr, B., and Roach, D.*, “Free-Form Liquid Crystal Elastomers via Embedded 4D Printing”, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2023, in press.
  16. Bauman, G.E., and White, T.J.*, “Rheology of oligomer melts in the nematic and isotropic states”, Soft Matter, 2023, 19, 8882 – 8888.
  17. Pande, G.K., Radka, B.P., McCracken, J.M., and White, T.J.*, “Molecular engineering of the polymer stabilizing network to enhance the electro-optic response of cholesteric liquid crystals”, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2023,11, 16377-16383.
  18. Velasco Abadia, A., White, T.J. Schwartz, D.K. and Kaar, J.L.*, “Cumulative dose sensing of malathion using a biocatalytic liquid crystal elastomer with chemical memory,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2024, 400, Part B, 134877.
  19. Schlafmann, K. R., Alahmed, M. S., Lewis, K. L., and White, T.J.*, “Large Range Thermochromism in Liquid Crystalline Elastomers Prepared with Intra-Mesogenic Supramolecular Bonds,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 2023, 2305818.
  20. Velasco Abadia, A., Bauman, G. E., White, T.J., Schwartz, D. K., and Kaar, J. L.*, “Direct Ink Writing of Enzyme-Containing Liquid Crystal Elastomers as Versatile Biomolecular-Responsive Actuators,” Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 2023, 10, 2300086.
  21. McCracken, J.M., Hoang, J.D., Herman, J.A., Lynch, K.M., and White, T.J.*, “Millimeter-thick Liquid Crystalline Elastomer Actuators Prepared by Surface-Enforced Alignment”, Adv. Mater. Technologies, 2023, 8: 2202067.
  22. Duffy, D., McCracken, J.M., Hebner, T.S., White, T.J., and Biggins, J.S.*, “Lifting, Loading, and Buckling in Conical Shells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 2023, 131, 148202.
  23. Hebner, T.S., Bowman, R.G.A., Duffy, D., Mostajeran, C., Griniasty, I., Cohen, I., Warner, M., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “Discontinuous metric programming in liquid crystalline elastomers”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2023 15 (8), 11092-11098.
  24. Bauman, G.E., Hoang, J.D., Toney, M.F., and White, T.J.*, “Degree of Orientation in Liquid Crystalline Elastomers Defines the Magnitude and Rate of Actuation”, ACS Macro Letters, 2023, 12(2), 248-254.
  25. Hebner, T.S., McCracken, J.M., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “The Contribution of Oligomerization Reaction Chemistry to the Thermomechanical Properties of Surface-Aligned Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Macromolecules, 2023, 56, 3, 974–979.
  26. Hebner, T.S., Korner, K., Bowman, C.N., Bhattacharya, K., and White, T.J.*, “Leaping Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, Science Advances, 2023, 9(3).
  27. Lewis, K.L., Herbert, K.M., Matavulj, V.M., Hoang, J.D., Ellison, E.T., Bauman, G.E., Herman, J.A., and White, T.J.*, “Programming orientation in liquid crystalline elastomers prepared with intra-mesogenic supramolecular bonds”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2023, 15(2), 3467-3475.
  28. Radka, B.P., Pande, G.K., and White, T.J.*, “The contribution of network elasticity to electro-optic response in polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Soft Matter, 2023, 19, 4634-4641. 
  29. Phillips, A.T., Schlafmann, K.R., Fowler, H.E., and White, T.J.*, “Electrically tunable, fully solid reflective optical elements”, Adv. Optic. Mater., 2022, 10, 22, 2201457.
  30. Hebner, T.S., Kirkpatrick, B.E., Anseth, K.S., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “Surface‐Enforced Alignment of Reprogrammable Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Adv. Sci. 2022, 9, 2204003.
  31. Miksch, C.E., Skillin, N.P., Kirkpatrick, B.E., Hach, G.K., Rao, V.V., White, T.J., and Anseth, K.S.*, “4D Printing of Extrudable and Degradable Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Microgel Scaffolds for Multidimensional Cell Culture”, Small 2022, 18, 2200951.
  32. Bauman, G.E., McCracken, J.M., White T.J.*, “Actuation of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers at or Below Ambient Temperature”, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2022, 61 (28), e202202577.
  33. Abadia, A.V., Herbert, K.M., White, T.J., Schwartz, D.K., Kaar, J.L.*, “Biocatalytic 3D actuation in liquid crystal elastomers via enzyme patterning”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2022, 14(23), 26480-26488.
  34. Hernandez, J.J., Dobson, A.L., Carberry, B.J. Kuenstler, A.S., Shah, P.K., Anseth, K.S., White, T.J., and Bowman, C.N.*, “Controlled Degradation of Cast and 3-D Printed Photocurable Thioester Networks via Thiol–Thioester Exchange”, Macromolecules, 2022, 55(4), 1376-1385. 
  35. Bauman, G.E., Koch, J.A., White, T.J.*, “Rheology of liquid crystalline oligomers for 3-D printing of liquid crystalline elastomers”, Soft Matter, 2022, 18, 3168-3176.
  36. Hebner, T.S., Podgorski, M., Mavila, S., White, T.J., and Bowman, C.N.*, “Shape Permanence in Diarylethene-Functionalized Liquid Crystal Elastomers Facilitated by Thiol-Anhydride Dynamic Chemistry”, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed., 2022, 61(11), e202116522.
  37. Hebner, T.S., Fowler, H.E., Herbert, K.M., Skillin, N.P., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “Polymer network structure, properties, and formation of liquid crystalline elastomers prepared via thiol-acrylate chain transfer reactions”, Macromolecules, 2021, 54(23), 11074-11082.
  38. Radka, B.P., Lee, K.M., Godman, N.P., White, T.J.*, “Electro-optic characteristics of stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals with non-liquid crystalline polymer networks”, Soft Matter, 2022, 18, 3013-3018.
  39. Herbert, K.M., Fowler, H.E., McCracken, J.M., Schlafmann, K.R., Koch, J.A., and White, T.J.,*, “Synthesis and alignment of liquid crystalline elastomers”, Nature Review Materials, 2022, 7, 23-38.
  40. Fowler, H.E., Rothemond, P., Keplinger, C., and White, T.J., “Liquid Crystal Elastomers with Enhanced Directional Actuation to Electric Fields”, Advanced Materials, 2021, 33(43), 2103806.
  41. Schlafmann, K.R., and White, T.J.*, “Retention and deformation of the blue phases in liquid crystalline elastomers”, Nature Communications, 2021, 12, article 4916. 
  42. Velasco Abadia, A., Herbert, K.M., Matavulj, V.M., White, T.J., Schwartz, D.K., and Kaar, J.L.*, “Chemically Triggered Changes in Mechanical Properties of Responsive Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks with Immobilized Urease”, Journal of American Chemical Society, 2021, 143(40), 16740-16749.
  43. Koch, J.A., Herman, J.A., and White, T.J.*, “Elastocaloric effect in amorphous polymer networks undergoing mechanotropic phase transitions”, Physical Review Materials, 2021, 5(6), L062401.
  44. Hebner, T.S., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “Influence of Orientational Genesis on the Actuation of Monodomain Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Macromolecules, 2021, 54, 9, 4023–4029.
  45. McCracken, J.M., Donovan, B.R., Lynch, K.M., and White, T.J., “Molecular Engineering of Mesogenic Constituents within Liquid Crystalline Elastomers to Sharpen Thermotropic Actuation”, Adv. Func. Mater., 2021, 31, 2100564.
  46. Hebner, T.S., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “The contribution of intermolecular forces to phototropic actuation of liquid crystalline elastomers”, Polymer Chemistry, 2021, 12, 1581-1587. . (Pioneering Investigators, special issue)
  47. Lee, K.M., Bunning, T.J., White, T.J., McConney, M.E.*, and Godman, N.P.*, “Effect of Ion Concentration on the Dynamic Electro-optic Response in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals prepared without Photoinitiator”, Crystals, 2021, 11 (1), 7. 
  48. Lee, K.M., Reshetnyak, V.Y., McConney, M.E., Crenshaw, E.P., Bunning, T.J., White, T.J., and Godman, N.P., “Higher–Order Bragg Reflection Colors in Polymer–Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Advanced Photonics Research, 2021, 2(11), 2100112.
  49. Radka, B.P., King, B.E., McConney, M.E., and White, T.J.*, “Electrically Induced Splitting of the Selective Reflection in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Adv. Opt. Mater., 2020, 8, 2000914.
  50. Martinez, A.M., McBride, M.K., White, T.J., and Bowman, C.N.*, “Reconfigurable and Spatially Programmable Chameleon Skin-Like Material Utilizing Light Responsive Covalent Adaptable Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, Adv. Func. Mater., 2020, 30 (35), 2003150.
  51. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Godman, N.P., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J., and McConney, M.E., “Reconfigurable Reflective Colors in Holographically Patterned Liquid Crystal Gels”, ACS Photonics, 2020, 7 (8), 1978-1982.
  52. McCracken, J.M., Donovan, B.R., and White, T.J.*, “Materials as Machines”, Adv. Mater., 2020, 32 (20), 1906564.
  53. Lee, K.M., Crenshaw, E.P., Rumi, M., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J., and McConney, M.E.*, “Effect of Cell Thickness on the Electro-optic Response of Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals with Negative Dielectric Anisotropy”, Materials, 2020, 13 (3), 746.
  54. Fowler, H.E., Donovan, B.R., McCracken, J.M., Jiminez, F.L, and White, T.J.*, "Localizing genesis in polydomain liquid crystalline elastomers", Soft Matter, 2020,16, 330-336. (cover)
  55. Brannum, M.T., Auguste, A.D., Donovan, B.R., Godman, N.P., Matavulj, V.M., Steele, A.M., Korley, L.T., Wnek, G.E., and White, T.J.*, “Deformation and Elastic Recovery of Acrylate-Based Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Macromolecules, 2019, 2019, 52, 21, 8248-8255. 
  56. McCracken, J.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Auguste, A.D., Godman, N.P., Donovan, B.R., Bagnall, B.N., Fowler, H.E., Baxter, C.M., Matavulj, V., Berrigan, J.D., and White, T.J.*, “Microstructured Photopolymerization of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers in Oxygen-Rich Environments”, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2019, 29, 1903761. (cover)
  57. Donovan, B., Fowler, H. Matavulj, V., and White, T.J., “Mechanotropic Elastomers”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2019, 131, 13882.  (cover)
  58. Kowalski, B.A., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, K.M., Evans, D.R., White, T.J., and Mills, M.S.*, “Spectrally selectable Airy beam generation”, Opt. Exp., 2019, 27, 165710-16577.  
  59. Smith, M. L., J. Gao, A. A. Skandani, N. Deering, D. H. Wang, A. A. Sicard, M. Plaver, L. S. Tan, T. J. White, and M. R. Shankar, "Tuned photomechanical switching of laterally constrained arches", Smart Materials and Structures, 2019, 28, 075009.
  60. Shin, J., Sung, J., Kang, M., Xie, X., Lee, B., Lee, K.M., White, T., Leal, C., Sottos, N.R., Braun, P.V., and Cahill, D.G.*, “Light-triggered thermal conductivity switching in azobenzene polymers”, Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 2019, 116, 5973-5978.
  61. Brannum, M.T., Steele, A.M., Venetos, M.C., Korley, L.T.J., Wnek, G.E., and White, T.J.*, “Light Control with Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Advanced Optical Materials, 2019, 7, 1801683.  
  62. Donovan, B.R., Matavulj, V.M., Ahn, S.-k., Guin, T., and White, T.J.*, “All-Optical Control of Shape”, Advanced Materials, 2019, 31, 805750.
  63. Rumi, M., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “Polymer stabilization of cholesteric liquid crystals in the oblique helicoid state”, Soft Matter, 2018, 14(44), 8883-8894. (cover)
  64. Kim, D.-Y., Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Jeong, K.-U.*, “Polymer-Stabilized Helical Nanostructures: Chirophotonic Crystal Paints for the Fabrication of Circular-Polarizing Flexible Mirrors”, NPG Asia Materials, 2018, 10, 1061–1068.
  65. Tondiglia, V.P., Rumi, M., Idehenre, I.U., Lee, K.M., Binzer, J.F., Banerjee, P.P., Evans, D.R., McConney, M.E., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J., “Electrical Control of Unpolarized Reflectivity in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals at Oblique Incidence”, Advanced Optical Materials, 2018, 6(22), 1800957.
  66. Auguste, A.D., Ward, J.W., Hardin, J.O., Kowalski, B.A., Guin, T.C., Berrigan, J.D., and White, T.J.*, “Enabling and Localizing Omni-directional Nonlinear Deformation in Liquid Crystalline Elastomers”, Advanced Materials, 2018, 30(35), 1802438.
  67. Guin, T., Settle, M.J., Kowalski, B.A., Auguste, A.D., Beblo, R.V., Reich, G.W., and White, T.J.*, “Heavy Lifting with Soft Materials: Layered Liquid Crystal Elastomer Actuators”, Nature Communications, 2018, 9, Article number: 2531.  
  68. Mahoney, C., Park, K., Jawaid, A., Kowalski, B., Gillman, A., Tondiglia, V., Treml, B., White, T., and Vaia, R.A.*, “Low-Energy, Nanoparticle Reshaping for Large-Area, Patterned, Plasmonic Nanocomposites”, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2018,6, 7157-7169.    
  69. Lee, K.M., Tondliglia, V.P., Rumi, M., and White, T.J.*, “Time-dependent Deformation of Structurally Chiral Polymer Networks in Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Journal of Polymer Science:  Polymer Physics, 2018, 56, 1087–1093.
  70. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., and White, T.J.*, “Electrically Reconfigurable Mirrors”, ACS Omega, 2018, 3(4), 4453-4457.
  71. Plucinsky, P., Kowalski, B.A., White, T.J., and Bhattacharya, K.*, “Patterning nonisometric origami in nematic elastomer sheets”, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 3127 - 3134.
  72. Kowalski, B.A., Mostajeran, C., Warner, M., and White, T.J.*, “Curvature by design and on demand in liquid crystal elastomers”, Physical Review E, 97 (1), 012504. 
  73. Kotikian, A., Truby, R.L., Boley, J.W., White, T.J., and Lewis, J.A.*, “3D Printing of Liquid Crystalline Elastomer Actuators with Spatially Programmed Nematic Order”, Advanced Materials, 2018, 30, 1706164. (cover, March 8, 2018 issue)  
  74. Serak, S., Nersisyan, S., Tabiryan, N., Steeves, D., Kimball, B.R., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J., “High-contrast, low-voltage variable reflector for unpolarized light”, Molecular Crystals Liquid Crystals, 2018, 657 (1), 156-166.
  75. White, T.J.*, “Photomechanical Effects in Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks and Elastomers”, Journal of Polymer Science:  Polymer Physics, 2018, 56, 695–705. (review)
  76. Guin, T. Kowalski, B.A., Rao, R., Auguste, A.D., Grabowski, C.A., Lloyd, P.F., Tondiglia, V.P., Maruyama, B., Vaia, R.A., and White, T.J.*, “Electrical Control of Shape in Voxelated Liquid Crystalline Polymer Nanocomposites”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018 10 (1), 1187–1194.
  77. Baczkowki, M.L., Wang, D.H., Lee, D.H., Lee, K.M., Smith, M.L., White, T.J.*, and Tan, L.-S.*, “Photomechanical Deformation of Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides Synthesized with Bulky Substituents”,  ACS Macro Lett., 2017, 6 (12), 1432–1437.
  78. Skandani, A.A., Chatterjee, S., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S., White, T.J., Shankar, M.R.*, and Smith, M.L.*, “Relaxation dynamics and strain persistency of azobenzene-functionalized polymers and actuators”, Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 2017, 302, 1700256.
  79. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Godman, N.P., Middleton, C.M., and White, T.J.*, “Blue-shifting tuning of the selective reflection of polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Soft Matter, 13 (35), 5842-5848. (cover art)
  80. Godman, N.P., Kowalski, B.A., Auguste, A.D., Koerner, H.A., and White, T.J.*, “Synthesis of Elastomeric Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks via Chain Transfer”, ACS Macro Letters, 2017, 6, 1290-1295.  (http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00822)   
  81. Smith, M.J., Malak, S.T., Jung, J., Yoon, Y.J., Lin, C.H., Kim, S., Lee, K.M., Ma, R., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J. and Lin, Z.*, “Robust, Uniform, and Highly Emissive Quantum Dot–Polymer Films and Patterns Using Thiol–Ene Chemistry”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2017, 9(20), 17435-17448.
  82. White, T. and Verduzco, R., “Liquid crystal elastomers: emerging trends and applications”, Soft Matter,   2017, 13, 4320-4320. (editorial accompanying special issue on Liquid Crystal Elastomers)
  83. Kowalski, B., Tondiglia, V., Guin, T., and White, T.J.*, “Voxel Resolution in the Directed Self-Assembly of Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks and Elastomers”, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 4335-4340. (cover art)
  84. Kowalski, B., Guin, T., Auguste, A., Godman, N., and White, T.J.*, “Pixelated Polymers:  Directed Self Assembly of Liquid Crystalline Networks and Elastomers”, ACS Macro Letters, 2017, 6, 436. (cover art)
  85. Bregar, A., White, T.J. and Ravnik, M.*, “Refraction of light on flat boundary of liquid crystals or anisotropic metamaterials”, Liquid Crystals Reviews, 2017, 5(1), 53-68.
  86. Rumi, M., White, T. J.*, and Bunning, T. J.*, “Phototropic guest-host liquid crystal systems: environmental effect on naphthopyrans kinetics”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2016, 120 (49), 12755-12767.
  87. Wie, J.J., Shankar, M.R., and White, T.J.*, “Photomotility of polymers”, Nature Communications, 2016, 7, 13260. (featured in numerous online newsites and technical blogs, including phys.org)
  88. Skandani, A., Chatterjee, S., Smith, M.L., Baranski, J., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S., White, T.J., and Shankar, M.R., "Discrete-state photomechanical actuators", Extreme Mechanics Letters, 2016, 9 (1), 45-54.
  89. Lee, K.M., Ware, T.H., Tondiglia, V.P., McBride, M.K., Zhang, X., Bowman, C.N., and White, T.J.*, “Initiatorless Photopolymerization of Liquid Crystal Monomers”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2016, 8 (41), 28040-28046.
  90. Kim, D.-Y., Nah, C., Kang, S.-W., Lee, S.H., Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Jeong, K.-U., “Free-Standing and Circular-Polarizing Chirophotonic Crystal Reflectors: Photopolymerization of Helical Nanostructures”, ACS Nano, 2016, 10 (10), 9570-9576.
  91. Worth, B., Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Myers, J., Mou, S., and White, T.J., “Dynamic, infrared bandpass filters prepared from polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Applied Optics, 2016, 55 (25), 7134-7137.
  92. Ahn, S., Ware, T.H., Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., and White, T.J.*, “Photoinduced topographical feature development in blueprinted azobenzene-functionalized liquid crystalline elastomers”, Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26 (32), 5819-5826. (frontispiece)
  93. Skandana, A., Chatterjee, S., Smith, M.L., Baranski, J., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S., White, T.J., and Shankar, M.R., “Discrete-state photomechanical actuators”, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 2016, 9 (1), 45-54.
  94. Mostajeran, C., Warner, M.*, Ware, T.H., and White, T.J., “Encoding Gaussian curvature in glassy and elastomeric liquid crystal solids." Proc. R. Soc. A, 2016, 472.2189.
  95. Rumi, M., Cazzell, S.A., Kosa, T., Sukhomlinova, L., Taheri, B., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Quantification of photoinduced order increase in liquid crystals with naphthopyran guests”, Phys. Rev. E, 2016, 93 (3), 032701.
  96. Ware, T.H., Biggins, J.S., Shick, A.F., Warner, M., and White, T.J.*, “Localized soft elasticity in liquid crystal elastomers”, Nature Communications, 2016, 7. 
  97. Khandelwal, H., Debije, M.G., White, T.J., and Schenning, A.P.H.J.*, “Electrically tunable infrared reflector with adjustable bandwidth broadening up to 1100 nm”, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 6064-6069.
  98. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.T., and White, T.J.,* “Photosensitivity of reflection notch tuning and broadening in polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals”, Soft Matter, 2016, 12(4), 1256-1261.
  99. White, T.J.*, Broer, D.J.*, “Programmable and Adaptive Mechanics with Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks and Elastomers”, Nature Materials, 2015, 14 (11), 1087-1098. (review)
  100. Ware, T.H., Perry, Z.P., Middleton, C.M., Iacono, S.T., and White, T.J., “Programmable Liquid Crystal Elastomers Prepared by Thiol–Ene Photopolymerization”, ACS Macro Letters, 2015, 4 (9), 942-946.
  101. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.T., and White, T.J.,* “Bistable Switching of Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals between Transparent and Scattering Modes”, MRS Communications, 2015, 5 (02), 223-227.  (invited special issue on Polymers/Soft Matter)
  102. Ware, T.H., McConney, M.E., Wie, J.J., Tondiglia, V.P., and White, T.J.*, “Voxelated Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, Science, 2015, 347, 982-984. (featured in Popular Science, New Scientist, Chem and Engineering News, MRS Bulletin, Physics Today, and various international news outlets)
  103. Wie, J.J., Lee, K.M., Ware, T.H., and White, T.J.*, “Twists and Turns in Glassy Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks”, Macromolecules, 2015, 48 (4), pp 1087–1092. 
  104. Fuchi, K., Ware, T.H., Buskohl, P.R., Reich, G.W., Vaia, R.A., White, T.J., and Joo, J.J., “Topology optimization for the design of folding liquid crystal elastomer actuators”, Soft Matter, 2015, 11 (37), 7288-7295.
  105. Ware, T.H., and White, T.J.*, “Programmed Liquid Crystal Elastomers with Tunable Actuation Strain”, Polymer Chemistry, 2015, 2015,6, 4835-4844.
  106. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, T., Smalyukh, I.I., and White, T.J.*, “Large Range Electrically-induced Reflection Notch Tuning in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2015, 3 (34), 8788-8793.
  107. Nemati, H., Liu, S., Zola, R., White, T., Bunning, T., and Yang, D.-K.*, “Mechanism of Electrically Induced Photonic Band Gap Broadening in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals with Negative Dielectric Anisotropies”, Soft Matter, 2015, 11, 1208-1213.
  108. Ouskova, E., De Sio, L.*, Vergara, R., White, T.J., Tabiryan, N., and Bunning, T.J., “Liquid Crystalline Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals”, Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105, 231122.(featured in Nanowerk)
  109. Wie, J.J., Wang, D.H., Tondiglia, V.P., Tabiryan, N.V., Vergara-Toloza, R., Tan, L.-S., and White, T.J.*, “Photopiezoelectric Composites of Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides and Polyvinylidene Fluoride”, Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 2014, 35, 2050-2056. (cover illustration) (Best of Macromolecular Journals 2014) 
  110. Lee, K.M., Tondiglia, V.P., McConney, M.E., Natarajan, L.V., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “Color-Tunable Mirrors Based on Electrically Regulated Bandwidth Broadening in Polymer-Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, ACS Photonics, 2014, 1, 1033–1041.
  111. Iocozzia, J., Xu, H., Pang, X., Xia, H., Bunning, T., White, T.*, and Lin, Z.*, “Starlike polymer click-functionalized with small capping molecules: an initial investigation into properties and improving solubility in liquid crystals”, RSC Advances, 2014, 4, 50212-50219.
  112. Wie, J.J., Wang, D.H., Lee, K.M., Tan, L.-S.*, and White, T.J.*, “Molecular Engineering of Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides to Enhance Both Photomechanical Work and Motion”, Chemistry of Materials, 2014, 26, 5223-5230.
  113. Liu, Q., Tang, J., Zhang, Y., Martinez, A., Wang, S., He, S., White, T.J., and Smalyukh, I.I.*, “Shape-dependent dispersion and alignment of nonaggregating plasmonic gold nanoparticles in lyotropic and thermotropic liquid crystals”, Phys. Rev. E, 2014, 89, 052525.
  114. Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., Bailey, C.A., McConney, M.E., Lee, K.M., Bunning, T.J., Zola, R., Nemati, H., Yang, D.-k., and White, T.J.*, “Bandwidth Broadening Induced by Ionic Interactions in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Optical Materials Express, 2014, 7, 1465-1472.
  115. Rumi, M., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Reflection spectra of distorted cholesteric liquid crystal structures in cells with interdigitiated electrodes”, Optics Express, 2014, 22, 16510-16519.
  116. White, T.J.*, Lee, K.M., McConney, M.E., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., and Bunning, T.J., “Stimuli-Responsive Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Composites for Optics and Photonics”, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 2014, 45, 555-558. (invited paper)
  117. Wie, J.J., Chatterjee, S., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S.*, Shankar, M.R.*, and White, T.J.*, “Azobenzene-functionalized Polyimides as Wireless Actuators”, Polymer, 2014, 55, 5915-5923. (invited special issue on Shape Changing Polymers)
  118. Rumi, M., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Local Optical Spectra and Texture for Chiral  Nematic Liquid Crystals in Cells with Interdigitated Electrodes”, Mol. Crys. Liq. Crys., 2014, 595, 123-135, 2014. 
  119. Wie, J.J., Lee, K.M., and White, T.J.*, “Thermally and Optically Fixable Shape Memory in Azobenzene-Functionalized Glassy Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks”, Mol. Crys. Liq. Crys., 2014, 596, 113-121. 
  120. Rumi, M., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Non-uniform helix unwinding of cholesteric liquid crystals in cells with interdigitated electrodes”, Chem. Phys. Chem., 2014, 15, 1311-1322. (invited special issue on Liquid Crystals) (cover illustration) (very important paper)
  121. Wang, D.H., Wie, J.J., Lee, K.M., White, T.J.*, and Tan, L.-S.*, “Impact of Backbone Rigidity on the Photomechanical Response of Glassy, Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides”, Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 659-667.
  122. Cazzell, S.A., McConney, M.E., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “Contribution of Crosslink Density and Chirality to Reflection Wavelength Tuning in Structurally Chiral Nematic Gels”, Journal of Materials Chemistry Part C, 2014, 2, 132-138.
  123. Lee, K.M., Lynch, B.M., Luchette, P., and White, T.J.*, “Photomechanical effects in liquid crystal polymer networks prepared with m-fluoroazobenzene”, Journal of Polymer Science Part A:  Polymer Chemistry, 2014, 52, 876-882.
  124. Smith, M.L.*, Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Vaia, R.A., “Design of polarization-dependent, flexural- torsional deformation in photo responsive liquid crystalline polymer networks”, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 1400-1410. (invited special issue on Reconfigurable Soft Matter)
  125. Shankar, M.R.*, Smith, M.L., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, K.M., McConney, M.E., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S., and White, T.J.*, “Contactless, Photoinitiated Snap-through in Azobenzene-functionalized Polymers”, Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 2013, 110, 18792-18797. (featured Chemistry World and numerous online profiles)
  126. Vernon, J.P., Serak, S.V., Hakobyan, R.S., Aleksanyan, A.K., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J., and Tabiryan, N.V.*, “Recording polarization gratings with a standing spiral wave”, Applied Physics Letters, 2013, 103, 2011101.
  127. Wie, J.J., Lee, K.M., Smith, M.L., Vaia, R.A., and White, T.J.*, “Torsional Mechanical Responses in Azobenzene Functionalized Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks”, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 9303. (cover illustration) (selected for “2013 hot paper” themed collection)
  128. McConney, M.E., Martinez, A., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, K.M., Langley, D., Smalyukh, I.I., and White, T.J.*, “Topography from Topology: Photoinduced Surface Features Generated in Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, Advanced Materials, 2013, 25, 5880–5885. (cover illustration)
  129. Li, Y., Wang, M., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J., and Li, Q.*, “Azoarenes Bearing Opposite Chiral Configurations: A Design Paradigm for Light-Driven Dynamic Reversible Handedness Inversion in Self-Organized Helical Superstructure”, Angewandte Chemie, 2013, 52, 8925.
  130. McConney, M.E., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Large Range Electrically Induced Color Changes in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Advanced Optical Materials, 2013, 1, 417.
  131. Vernon, J.P., Serak, S.V., Tondiglia, V.P., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Generation of Light Scattering States in Cholesteric Liquid Crystals by Optically Controlled Boundary Conditions”, Crystals, 2013, 3, 234. 
  132. Lee, K.M., Wang, D.H., Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A., Tan, L.-S.*, and White, T.J.*, “Photomechanical Response of Pre-strained Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimide Materials”, Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2013, 214, 1189. (cover illustration)
  133. Vernon, J.P, Hrozhyk, U.A., Serak, S.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Tabiryan, N.V., White, T.J., and Bunning T.J.*, “Optically reconfigurable reflective/scattering states enabled with photosensitive cholesteric liquid crystal cells”, Advanced Optical Materials, 2013, 1, 84.
  134. Vernon, J.P., Zhao, A.D., Vergara, R., Song, H., Tondiglia, V.P., White, T.J., Tabiryan, N.V., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Photostimulated control of laser transmission through photoresponsive cholesteric liquid crystals”, Optics Express, 2013, 21, 1645.
  135. Koerner, H., Strong, R., Smith, M.L., David H. Wang, Tan, L-.S., Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Vaia, R.A.*, “Polymer Design for High Temperature Shape Memory:  Low Crosslink Density Polyimides”, Polymer, 2013, 54, 391.
  136. Lee, K.M., Koerner, H., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.-S., White, T.J., and Vaia, R.A.*, “Tailoring the Photomechanical Response of Glassy, Azobenzene-functionalized Polyimides by Physical Aging”, Macromolecules, 2012, 45, 7527.
  137. Natarajan, L.V., Cazzell, S.A., Tondiglia, V.P., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “The role of crosslinking and polarity in the dark relaxation of azobenzene-based, polymer-stabilised cholesteric liquid crystals”, Liquid Crystals, 2012, 39, 1450.
  138. Wang, D.H., Lee, K.M., Koerner, H., Yu, Z., Vaia, R.A., White, T.J.*, and Tan, L.-S.*, “Flexural-Torsional Photomechanical Responses in Azobenzene-Containing Crosslinked Polyimides”, Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 2012, 297, 1167.
  139. Lee, K.M., and White, T.J.*, “Photochemical Mechanism and Photothermal Considerations in the Mechanical Response of Monodomain, Azobenzene-Functionalized Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, Macromolecules, 2012, 45, 7163.
  140. Munoz, A.*, McConney, M.E., Kosa, T., Luchette, P., Sukhomlinova, L., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J., and Taheri, B., “Continuous wave mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals with a pitch gradient across the cell gap”, Opt. Lett., 2012, 37, 2904-2906. (cross-published in Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics, Volume 7, Issue 9) 
  141. Kosa, T.*, Sukhomlinova, L., Su, L., Taheri, B., White, T.J.*, and Bunning T.J., “Light-induced liquid crystallinity”, Nature, 2012, 485, 347-349.
  142. McConney, M.E., Duning, M.M., Natarajan, L.V., Voevodin, A.A., Tondiglia, V.P., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Tuning of the Reflection Properties of Templated Cholesteric Liquid Crystals using Phase Transitions”, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 2012, 559, 115-126.
  143. Lee, K.M., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “Autonomous, Hands-Free Shape Memory in Glassy, Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks”, Advanced Materials, 2012, 24, 2839-2843.  (frontispiece)
  144. White, T.J.*, “Light to Work Transduction and Shape Memory in Glassy, Photoresponsive Macromolecular Systems:  Trends and Opportunities”, J. of Polymer Science Polymer Physics, 2012, 50, 877-880.  (invited perspective, featured in Materials Views)
  145. Wang, H., Lee, K.M., White, T.J., and Oates, W.S.*, “Trans-cis and Trans-cis-trans Microstructure Evolution of Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, Macro. Theory Sim., 2012, 21, 285-301
  146. Serak, S.V., Hakobyan, Rafael S., Nersisyan, S.R., Tabiryan, N.V., White, T.J., Bunning, T.J.*, Steeves, D.S., and Kimball, B.R., “All-optical diffractive/transmissive switch based on coupled cycloidal diffractive waveplates”, Opt. Exp., 2012, 20, 5460.
  147. Cheng, L., Torres, Y., Lee, K.M., McClung, A.J., Baur, J., White, T.J., and Oates, W.S.*, “Photomechanical Bending Mechanics of Polydomain Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Network Films”, J. App. Phys., 2012, 112, 013513. 
  148. Lee, K.M., Wang, D.H., Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A., Tan, L-.S.*, and White, T.J.*, “Enhancement of Photogenerated Mechanical Force in Azobenzene-Functionalized Polyimides”, Angewandte Chemie, 2012, 51, 4117. 
  149. White, T.J.*, Zhao, A.D., Cazzell, S.A., Bunning, T.J., Kosa, T., Sukhomlinova, L., Smith, T.J., and Taheri, B., “Optically reconfigurable color change in chiral nematic liquid crystals based on indolylfulgide chiral dopants”, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 5751.
  150. Lee, K.M., Tabiryan, N.V., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, “Photochemical Mechanism and Structure-Property Considerations in the Generation of Photomechanical Work in Glassy, Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 691.
  151. McConney, M.E., White, T.J., Tondiglia, V.P. Yang, D.-K., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Dynamic high contrast reflective coloration from responsive polymer/cholesteric liquid crystal architectures”, Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 318. 
  152. Juhl, A., Yang, D.-K., Tondiglia, V., Natarajan, L., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Ordering of glass rods in nematic and cholesteric liquid crystals”, Opt. Mater. Exp., 2011, 1, 1536.
  153. Li, Q.*, Li, Y., Ma, J., Yang, D.-K., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J., “Directing Dynamic Red, Green and Blue Reflections Enabled by Light-driven Self-organized Helical Superstructure”, Advanced Materials, 2011, 23, 5069.  (featured in Nature Photonics)
  154. Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., Bailey, C.A., Duning, M.M., Sutherland, R.L., Yang, D.K., Voevodin, A., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Dynamic Bandwidth Broadening in Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, J. Appl. Phys., 2011, 110, 053109. 
  155. Hrozyhk, U.A., Serak, S.V., Tabiryan, N.V., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Nonlinear optical properties of fast, photoswitchable cholesteric liquid crystal bandgaps”, Opt. Mater. Exp., 2011, 1, 943. 
  156. Lee, K.M., and White, T.J.*, “Photomechanical Response of Composite Structures Built from Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, Polymers, 2011, 3, 1447.  (invited article to special issue on Liquid Crystal Polymers)
  157. Lee, K.M, Smith, M.L., Koerner, H., Tabiryan, N.V., Vaia, R.A., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, "Photodriven, Multidimensional Oscillation of Glassy Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks ", Adv. Func. Mater., 2011, 15, 2913.  (featured in Materials Views)
  158. Tabiryan, N. V.*, Nersisyan, S. R., White, T. J., Bunning, T. J., Steeves, D. M., and Kimball, B. R., “Transparent thin film polarizing and optical control systems”, AIP Advances, 2011, 1, 022153.  (Top 20 Most Downloaded Article in 2011)
  159. Lee, K.M, Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, "Light-Activated Shape Memory in Glassy, Photoresponsive Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks", Soft Matter, 2011, 4318.
  160. Wang, H., Lee, K.M., Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A.*, White, T.J.*, and Tan, L.-S.*, “Photomechanical Response of Glassy Azobenzene Polyimide Networks”, Macromolecules, 2011, 3840.
  161. White, T.J.*, Cazzell, S.A., Freer, A.S., Yang, D.-K., Sukhomlinova, L., Su, L., Kosa, T., Taheri, B., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Widely Tunable, Photoinvertible Cholesteric Liquid Crystals“, Advanced Materials, 2011, 1389.
  162. McConney, M.E., Tondiglia, V.P, Hurtubise, J.M., Natarajan, L.V., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Thermally Induced, Multi-colored Hyper-Reflective Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Advanced Materials, 2011, 1453. (cover illustration) 
  163. McConney, M.E., Tondiglia, V.P., Hurtubise, J.M., Natarajan, L.V., White, T.J., and Bunning T.J.*, “Photoinduced Hyper-reflective Cholesteric Liquid Crystals Enabled via Surface Initiated Photopolymerization”, Chem. Comm., 2011, 505.
  164. Mathews, M., Zola, R., Hurley, S., Yang, D.-K., White, T., Bunning, T., and Li, Q.*, “Light Driven Reversible Handedness Inversion in Self-organized Helical Superstructures”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 18361. 
  165. White, T.J.*, McConney, M.E., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Dynamic Color in Stimuli-Responsive Cholesteric Liquid Crystals”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 9832.  (review)
  166. Lee, K.M., Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A., Bunning, T.J., and White, T.J.*, "Relationship between the Photomechanical Response and the Thermomechanical Properties of Azobenzene Liquid Crystalline Polymer Networks", Macromolecules, 2010, 43.  (featured in Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition)
  167. Hsiao, V.K.S.*, White, T.J., Cartwright, A.N., Prasad, P.N., and Allan Guymon, C., "Influence of non-reactive solvent on optical performance, photopolymerization kinetics and morphology of nanoporous polymer gratings", Eur. Polym. J., 2010, 46.
  168. White, T.J.*, “Liquid Crystals: Viscous and Elastic Properties”, Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2010, 1177. 
  169. White, T.J.*, Freer, A.S., Tabiryan, N.V., and Bunning, T.J., "Photoinduced broadening of cholesteric liquid crystal reflectors", J. Appl. Phys., 2010, 107.
  170. White, T.J.*, Bricker, R.L., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Green, L., Li, Q., and Bunning, T.J., "Electrically switchable, photoaddressable cholesteric liquid crystal reflectors", Opt. Express, 2010, 18.
  171. White, T.J.*, Bricker, R.L., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Bailey, C., Green, L., Li, Q., and Bunning, T.J., "Electromechanical and light tunable cholesteric liquid crystals", Opt. Commun., 2010, 283.
  172. Ma, J., Li, Y., White, T., Urbas, A., and Li, Q.*, "Light-driven nanoscale chiral molecular switch: reversible dynamic full range color phototuning", Chem. Commun., 2010, 46.  (Top 10 accessed in May 2010; featured in Highlights in Chemical Technology).

Post-doctoral Publications at AFRL:

      1. Serak, S., Tabiryan, N.*, Vergara, R., White, T.J., Vaia, R.A., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Liquid crystalline polymer cantilever oscillators fueled by light", Soft Matter, 2010, 6.
      2. Natarajan, L.V., White, T.J., Wofford, J.M., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., Siwecki, S.A., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Laser initiated thermal tuning of a cholesteric liquid crystal", Appl. Phys. Lett., 2010, 97.
      3. Hrozhyk, U.A., Serak, S.V., Tabiryan, N.V., White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Optically switchable, rapidly relaxing cholesteric liquid crystal reflectors", Opt. Express, 2010, 18.
      4. Bailey, C.A., Tondiglia, V.P., Natarajan, L.V., Duning, M.M., Bricker, R.L., Sutherland, R.L., White, T.J., Durstock, M.F., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Electromechanical tuning of cholesteric liquid crystals", J. Appl. Phys., 2010, 107. 
      5. White, T.J.*, Bricker, R.L., Natarajan, L.V., Tabiryan, N.V., Green, L., Li, Q., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Phototunable Azobenzene Cholesteric Liquid Crystals with 2000 nm Range", Adv. Funct. Mater., 2009, 19.
      6. White, T.J.*, Bricker, R.L., Natarajan, L.V., Serak, S.V., Tabiryan, N.V., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Polymer stabilization of phototunable cholesteric liquid crystals", Soft Matter, 2009, 5.
      7. White, T.J., Serak, S.V., Tabiryan, N.V., Vaia, R.A., and Bunning, T.J.*, “Polarization-Controlled, Photodriven Bending in Monodomain Liquid Crystal Elastomer Cantilevers”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2009, 19, 1080.  (cover illustration)
      8. Hrozhyk, U., Serak, S., Tabiryan, N.*, White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J., “Bidirectional Photoresponse of Surface Pretreated Azobenzene Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks”, Optics Express, 2009,  17,  716.
      9. Natarajan, L.V., Beckel, E.R., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., White, T.J., Voss, J., and Bunning, T.J.*, "The effect of weak polymer stabilization on the switching properties of cholesteric liquid crystals", Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 2009, 502.
      10. Serak, S.V., Tabiryan, N.V.*, White, T.J., and Bunning, T.J.*, "Azobenzene liquid crystal polymer-based membrane and cantilever optical systems", Opt. Express, 2009, 17.
      11. Green, L., Li, Y., White, T., Urbas, A., Bunning, T., and Li, Q.*, "Light-driven molecular switches with tetrahedral and axial chirality", Org. Biomol. Chem., 2009, 7.
      12. White, T.J., Tabiryan, N.V., Serak, S.V., Grozhyk, V.A., Tondiglia, V.P., Koerner, H., Vaia, R.A., and Bunning, T.J.*, “High Frequency Photodriven Oscillations in Polymer Cantilevers”, Soft Matter, 2008, 4, 1796.  (Featured in Nature, featured in Optics and Photonics Focus, Top 10 accessed in October 2008)
      13. Koerner, H., White, T.J., Tabiryan, N.V., Bunning, T.J., and Vaia, R.A.*, “Photoresponsive Polymers:  Using Light to Create Work”, Materials Today, 2008, July issue.  (Feature article, cover illustration)

      Graduate School Publications at Iowa:

      1. White, T.J., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., Bunning, T.J., and Guymon, C.A.*, “The Influence of Additives and Monomer Functionality on the Evolution of Liquid Crystal Phase Separation in Acrylate-based Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals”, Liquid Crystals, 2007, 12, 1377.
      2. White, T.J., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., Bunning, T.J., and Guymon, C.A.*, “Holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (HPDLCs) containing triallyl isocyanurate monomer”, Polymer, 2007, 48, 5979. 
      3. White, T.J., Liechty, W.B., and Guymon, C.A.*, “The Influence of N-Vinyl Pyrrolidone on Polymerization Kinetics and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Crosslinked Acrylate Polymers”, Journal of Polymer Science, Part A:  Polymer Chemistry, 2007, 45, 4062.
      4. White, T.J., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., Bunning, T.J., and Guymon, C.A.*, “Monomer Functionality and Polymerization Kinetics in Thiol-ene Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (PDLCs)”, Macromolecules, 2007, 40, 1112.
      5. White, T.J., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., Bunning, T.J., and Guymon, C.A.*, “Monomer Functionality Effects in the Formation of Thiol-ene Holographic Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals”, Macromolecules, 2007, 40, 1121.
      6. White, T.J., Liechty, W.B., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Bunning, T.J., and Guymon, C.A.*, “The Influence of N-Vinyl Pyrrolidinone in Polymerization of Holographic Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (HPDLCs)”, Polymer, 2006, 47, 2289.
      7. Klosterman, J., Natarajan, L.V., Tondiglia, V.P., Sutherland, R.L., White, T.J., Guymon, C.A., and Bunning, T.J.*, “The influence of surfactant in reflective HPDLC gratings”, Polymer, 2004, 45, 7219.