The physiology and biomechanics of terrestrial locomotion: (1) Partitioning of the rate of metabolic energy expenditure into its biomechanical constituents; (2) The influences of internal and external forces on walking, running, cycling and cross-country skiing.
1984-85, M.S., Biomechanics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
1986-91, A.M. and Ph.D., Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1992-1994, Post-doctoral Fellow, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
1994-2000, Assistant Professor, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
2000-2003, Associate Professor, Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
2003-2017, Associate Professor, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
2008, President, American Society of Biomechanics.
2018-Present, Associate Professor Alumnus, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Batliner ME, Kipp S, Grabowski AM, Kram R, Byrnes WC. Does metabolic rate increase linearly with running speed in all distance runners? Sports Medicine International Open, 38: 2:1132-1138, 2018.
Beck ON, Kipp S, Byrnes WC, Kram R. Viewpoint: Use aerobic energy expenditure instead of oxygen uptake to quantify exercise intensity and predict endurance performance. Journal of Applied Physiologyhttps://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00940.2017, 2018.
Hoogkamer W, Kipp S, Franz JH, Farina EM, Luo G, Kram R. A comparison of the energetic cost of running in marathon racing shoes. Sports Medicine 48: 1009-1019, 2018.
Kipp S, Byrnes WC, Kram R. Calculating metabolic energy expenditure across a wide range of exercise intensities: the equation matters. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 43: 1-4, 2018.
Summerside EM, Kram R, Ahmed AA. Contributions of metabolic and temporal costs to human gait selection. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0197, 2018.