Karen Bailey is interested in just and inclusive environmental management and conservation. She relies on interdisciplinary ecological and social science methods to study human-environment interactions, human-wildlife coexistence, climate change, and sustainable rural livelihoods to inform the maintenance of landscapes that meet human needs and sustainability and conservation goals. Her work is largely focused in southern and east Africa, south and southeast Asia, and the western United States. She emphasizes the importance of justice, equity, diversity, accessibility, and inclusion in environmental fields and STEM more broadly and is committed to research that supports, amplifies, and engages the most vulnerable and impacted populations. In both her scholarship and her service, she aims to understand and address barriers to entry for Black scholars and scholars of color and work to diversify the fields of ecology, conservation, and natural resource management.