The name of the overarching USAID funded activity is "Accelerating Peri-Urban Water and Sanitation Services in Kasai Oriental and Lomami Provinces Activity" is to increase access to water and sanitation services for individuals in peri-urban areas of Kasai Oriental and Lomami Provinces. USAID seeks to increase access to water and sanitation services for residents in the target regions that are serviced by newly created or existing WSPs. One of the specific objectives of the activity is to generate statistical evidence and associated learning studies about the relation between the water and sanitation innovations and their effectiveness in generating scalable interventions in the target region and elsewhere in the DRC. This QCA study is one of the learning studies. The project is currently in the data collection stage as capacity development interventions are ongoing.