Caster, J., Temuulen T.S., J.B. Sankey, M.A. Bowker, D. Buscombe, M.C. Duniway, N.N. Barger, A. Faist, T. Joyal. 2021. Biocrust and the soil surface: Influence of climate, disturbance, and biocrust recovery on soil surface roughness. Geoderma 403 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115369

Karban, C.C., M.E. Miller, J.E. Herrick, N.N. Barger. 2021. Consequences of Piñon-Juniper Woodland Fuel Reduction: Prescribed Fire Increases Soil Erosion While Mastication Does Not.

Ecosystems. oi.org/10.1007/s10021-021-00644-6


Kapović Solomun, M. , C.S.S. Ferreira, N.N. Barger,  R. Tošić, S. Eremija. 2020. Understanding the role of policy frameworks in developing land degradation in stakeholders perception from a post‐conflict perspective in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Environmental Science and Policy. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.3744.

Sims, N.C., N.N. Barger, G.I Metternicht, and J.R. England.  2020. A land degradation interpretation matrix for reporting on UN SDG Indicator 15.3.1 and Land Degradation Neutrality. Environmental Science and Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2020.07.015

Kappel, C., N. Illing, C. Huu , N.N. Barger , M.D. Cramer , M. Lenhard, and J. Midgley. 2020. Fairy circles in Namibia are assembled from genetically distinct grasses. Communications Biology 3(1):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-020-01431-0

Eldridge, D.J, S.C. Reed, S. Travers, M.A. Bowker, F. Maestre, J. Ding, C. Havrilla, E.  Rodriguez-Caballero, N.N Barger, B. Weber, A. Antoninka, J. Belnap, V. Bala Chaudhary, A. Faist, S. Ferrenberg, E. Huber-Sannwald, O.M.Issa, Y. Zhou. 2020. The pervasive and multifaceted influence of biocrusts on water in the world’s drylands. Global Change Biology 10.1111/gcb.15232.

Havrilla, C.A., Villarreal, M. L., J.L. DiBiase, M.C. Duniway, N.N. Barger. 2020. Ultra-high-resolution mapping of biocrusts with unmanned aerial systems. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.  https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.180

Velasco Ayuso, S., A. Giraldo-Silva, N.N. Barger and F. Garcia-Pichel. 2020. Microbial inoculum production for biocrust restoration: testing the effects of a common substrate versus native soils on yield and community composition. Restoration Ecology https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13127.

Willemen, L., N.N. Barger, B. ten Brink, M. Cantele, B.F.N. Erasmus, J.L. Fisher, T. Gardner, T. G. Holland, F. Kohler, J.S. Kotiaho, G. Von Maltitz, G. Nangendo, R. Pandit, J.A. Parrotta, M. D. Potts, S. D. Prince, M. Sankaran, A. Brainich,  L. Montanarella and R. Scholes. 2020. How to halt the global decline of land. Nature Sustainability https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0477-x.

Faist, A.M., A.J. Antoninka, J. Belnap, M.A. Bowker, M.C. Duniway, F. Garcia-Pichel, S.C. Reed, A. Giraldo-Silva, S. Velasco-Ayuso, N.N. Barger. 2020. Inoculum and habitat amelioration efforts in biological soil crust recovery vary by desert and soil texture. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13087.


Fick, S.E., N. Day, M.C. Duniway, S. Hoy-Skubik, J. Belnap, N.N. Barger. 2019.  Microsite enhancements for soil stabilization and rapid biocrust colonization. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13071.

Antoninka, A., M.A. Bowker, N.N. Barger, J. Belnap, A. Giraldo-Silva, S. Reed, F. Garcia-Pichel, M. Duniway. 2019. Addressing barriers to improve biocrust colonization and establishment in restoration. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13052.

Giraldo-Silva A., C. Nelson, C. Penfold, N.N. Barger and F. Garcia-Pichel. 2019. Effect of preconditioning to the soil environment on the performance of 20 cyanobacterial cultured strains used as inoculum for biocrust restoration. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13048.

 Morris, T.L., N.N. Barger, M.D. Cramer. 2019. Ecophysiological traits of invasive alien Acacia cyclops compared to native species in Strandveld vegetation of the Cape Floristic Region. Austral Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/aec.12827

Havrilla, C.A., A. Leslie, and N.N. Barger. 2019. Species-specificity in biocrust facilitation of plant growth is not driven by differences in root-associated fungal colonization among species. Plant and Soil. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-019-04306-4

 Fick, S.E, N.N. Barger, J. Tatarko, M. Duniway. 2019. Induced biological soil crust controls on wind erodibility and dust (PM10) emissions. Earth Surface Processes and Land Forms. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4731

Havrilla, C.A., V.B. Chaudhary, A.J. Antoninka, M.A. Bowker, J. Belnap, D. Eldridge, A.M. Faist, S. Ferrenberg, A.D. Leslie, Y. Zhang, N.N. Barger. 2019. A global meta-analysis of vascular plant responses to biological soil crusts. Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13269

Bethany, J.A. Giraldo-Silva, C. Nelson, N.N. Barger, and F. Garcia-Pichela. 2019. Optimizing production of nursery-based biological soil crusts for restoration of arid land soils. Applied Environmental Microbiology 85:e00735-19. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00735-19

Fick, S.E., N.N. Barger, M.C. Duniway. 2019. Hydrologic function of rapidly induced biocrusts. Ecohydrology. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.2089.

Duniway, M.C., A.A. Pfennigwerth, S. Fick, T. Naumann, J. Belnap, N.N. Barger. 2019. Dust from US drylands: A review of causes, consequences and solutions in a changing world. Ecosphere. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2650.


Hagerty, S., N.N. Barger, S. Taylor, J. Carter u, and J. Gruber.  2018. Written Lab Agreements Improve Mentoring. Nature Correspondence. Nature 563, 325 https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07383-0 

Giraldo-Silva A., C. Nelson, N.N. Barger and F. Garcia-Pichel. 2018. Nursing biological soil crusts: isolation, biomass production, conditioning and fitness test of indigenous cyanobacteria. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12920

Chock, T., A.J. Antoninka, A.M. Faist, M.A. Bowker, J. Belnap, N.N. Barger. 2018. Responses of biological soil crusts to rehabilitation strategies. Journal of Arid Environments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2018.10.007

Kapović Solomun M., N.N. Barger, A. Cerdac, S. Keesstrade, M. Marković. 2018. Assessing land condition as a first step to achieving land degradation neutrality: A case study of the Republic of Srpska. Environmental Science and Policy 90:19-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.09.014

Havrilla, C.A. and N.N. Barger. 2018. Biocrust communities mediate bunchgrass recruitment in a hot desert ecosystem. Ecosphere. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2361

Barger, N.N., Gardner, T.A., Sankaran, M., Belnap, J., Broadhurst, L., Brochier, V., Isbell, F., Meyfroidt, P., Moreira, F., Nieminen, T. M., Okuro, T., Rodrgiues, R. R., Saxena, V., and Ross, M. Chapter 3: Direct and indirect drivers of land degradation and restoration. In IPBES (2018): The IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration. Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., and Brainich, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services, Bonn, Germany.

Scholes, R., L. Montanarella, A. Brainich, N.N. Barger, B. Brink, M. Cantele et al. Summary for policymakers of the thematic assessment report on land degradation and restoration.  In IPBES (2018): The IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration. Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., and Brainich, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services, Bonn, Germany

Kelsey, K.C., M.D. Redmond, N.N. Barger and J.C. Neff. 2018. Climate and Landscape Physiography Drive Trends of Growth and Decline in Subalpine Forests. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0139-7.


Cramer, M. D., Barger, N. N., & Tschinkel, W. R. (2017). Edaphic properties enable facilitative and competitive interactions resulting in fairy circle formation. Ecography40(10), 1210-1220. Reprint

Havrilla, C. A., Faist, A. M., & Barger, N. N. (2017). Understory plant community responses to fuel-reduction treatments and seeding in an upland piñon-juniper woodland. Rangeland Ecology & Management70(5), 609-620. Reprint

Antoninka, A., Bowker, M. A., Chuckran, P., Barger, N. N., Reed, S., & Belnap, J. (2017). Maximizing establishment and survivorship of field-collected and greenhouse-cultivated biocrusts in a semi-cold desert. Plant and Soil, 1-13. Reprint

Kelsey, K. C., Redmond, M. D., Barger, N. N., & Neff, J. C. (2017). Species, Climate and Landscape Physiography Drive Variable Growth Trends in Subalpine Forests. Ecosystems, 1-16. Reprint

Redmond, M. D., Kelsey, K. C., Urza, A. K., & Barger, N. N. (2017). Interacting effects of climate and landscape physiography on piñon pine growth using an individual‐based approach. Ecosphere8(3). Reprint

Faist, A. M., Herrick, J. E., Belnap, J., Van Zee, J. W., & Barger, N. N. (2017). Biological soil crust and disturbance controls on surface hydrology in a semi‐arid ecosystem. Ecosphere8(3). Reprint

Ayuso, S. V., Silva, A. G., Nelson, C., Barger, N. N., & Garcia-Pichel, F. (2017). Microbial nursery production of high-quality biological soil crust biomass for restoration of degraded dryland soils. Applied and environmental microbiology83(3), e02179-16. Reprint


Cramer, M, N.N. Barger, W. Tschinkel. 2016. Edaphic properties enable facilitative and competitive interactions resulting in fairy circle formation. Ecography DOI: 10.1111/ecog.02461

Gillan, J. K., Karl, J. W., Barger, N. N., Elaksher, A., & Duniway, M. C. (2016). Spatially explicit rangeland erosion monitoring using high-resolution digital aerial imagery. Rangeland Ecology & Management69(2), 95-107. Reprint

Barger, N. N., Weber, B., Garcia-Pichel, F., Zaady, E., & Belnap, J. (2016). Patterns and controls on nitrogen cycling of biological soil crusts. In Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands (pp. 257-285). Springer, Cham. Reprint


Barger, N. N., & Woodhouse, C. (2015). Piñon pine (Pinus edulis Engelm.) growth responses to climate and substrate in southern Utah, USA. Plant ecology216(7), 913-923. Reprint

Morris, T. L., Barger, N. N., & Cramer, M. D. (2015). Competitive resistance of a native shrubland to invasion by the alien invasive tree species, Acacia cyclops. Biological invasions17(12), 3563-3577. Reprint

Redmond, M. D., Cobb, N. S., Clifford, M. J., & Barger, N. N. (2015). Woodland recovery following drought‐induced tree mortality across an environmental stress gradient. Global change biology21(10), 3685-3695. Reprint

Love Stowell, S. M., Churchill, A. C., Hund, A. K., Kelsey, K. C., Redmond, M. D., Seiter, S. A., & Barger, N. N. (2015). Transforming graduate training in STEM education. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America96(2), 317-323. Reprint


Redmond, M. D., Golden, E. S., Cobb, N. S., & Barger, N. N. (2014). Vegetation management across Colorado Plateau BLM lands: 1950–2003. Rangeland Ecology and Management67(6), 636-640. Reprint

Redmond, M. D., Zelikova, T. J., & Barger, N. N. (2014). Limits to understory plant restoration following fuel-reduction treatments in a piñon–juniper woodland. Environmental management54(5), 1139-1152. Reprint

Karl, J. W., Gillan, J. K., Barger, N. N., Herrick, J. E., & Duniway, M. C. (2014). Interpretation of high-resolution imagery for detecting vegetation cover composition change after fuels reduction treatments in woodlands. Ecological indicators45, 570-578. Reprint

Cramer, M. D., & Barger, N. N. (2014). Are mima-like mounds the consequence of long-term stability of vegetation spatial patterning?. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology409, 72-83. Reprint

Hoskinson, A. M., Barger, N. N., & Martin, A. P. (2014). Keys to a Successful Student‐Centered Classroom: Three Recommendations. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America95(3), 281-292. Reprint


Kasischke, E.S., Amiro, B.D., Barger, N.N., French, N.H., Goetz, S.J., Grosse, G., Harmon, M.E., Hicke, J.A., Liu, S. & Masek, J.G. (2013). Impacts of disturbance on the terrestrial carbon budget of North America. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences118(1), 303-316. Reprint

Fernandez, D. P., Neff, J. C., Huang, C. Y., Asner, G. P., & Barger, N. N. (2013). Twentieth century carbon stock changes related to Piñon-Juniper expansion into a black sagebrush community. Carbon balance and management8(1), 8. Reprint

Redmond, M. D., & Barger, N. N. (2013). Tree regeneration following drought‐and insect‐induced mortality in piñon–juniper woodlands. New Phytologist200(2), 402-412. Reprint

Redmond, M. D., Cobb, N. S., Miller, M. E., & Barger, N. N. (2013). Long-term effects of chaining treatments on vegetation structure in piñon–juniper woodlands of the Colorado Plateau. Forest Ecology and Management305, 120-128. Reprint

Cramer, M. D., & Barger, N. N. (2013). Are Namibian “fairy circles” the consequence of self-organizing spatial vegetation patterning?. PloS one8(8), e70876. Reprint

Beers, A.T., Potter, T.S., Churchill, A.C., Faist, A.M., Golden, E.S., Filkins, H.R., Hicks, J.J. and Barger, N.N. (2013). Advocating for science writing cooperatives in graduate programs. The Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America94(3), 245-246. Reprint

Barger, N. N., Castle, S. C., & Dean, G. N. (2013). Denitrification from nitrogen-fixing biologically crusted soils in a cool desert environment, southeast Utah, USA. Ecological Processes2(1), 16. Reprint


Redmond, M. D., Forcella, F., & Barger, N. N. (2012). Declines in pinyon pine cone production associated with regional warming. Ecosphere3(12), 1-14. Reprint

Ross, M. R., Castle, S. C., & Barger, N. N. (2012). Effects of fuels reductions on plant communities and soils in a Piñon-juniper woodland. Journal of arid environments79, 84-92. Reprint

Huang, C. Y., Asner, G. P., & Barger, N. N. (2012). Modeling regional variation in net primary production of pinyon–juniper ecosystems. Ecological modelling227, 82-92. Reprint


Morris, T. L., Esler, K. J., Barger, N. N., Jacobs, S. M., & Cramer, M. D. (2011). Ecophysiological traits associated with the competitive ability of invasive Australian acacias. Diversity and Distributions17(5), 898-910. Reprint

Barger, N. N., Archer, S. R., Campbell, J. L., Huang, C. Y., Morton, J. A., & Knapp, A. K. (2011). Woody plant proliferation in North American drylands: a synthesis of impacts on ecosystem carbon balance. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences116(G4). Reprint

Castle, S. C., Morrison, C. D., & Barger, N. N. (2011). Extraction of chlorophyll a from biological soil crusts: a comparison of solvents for spectrophotometric determination. Soil Biology and Biochemistry43(4), 853-856. Reprint


Barger, N., & Grandy, S. (2010). Implementing Active Learning Strategies: Tales from Two New Life Science Professors at Research Universities. Academic Leadership: The Online Journal8(2), 24. Reprint 

Huang, C. Y., Asner, G. P., Barger, N. N., Neff, J. C., & Floyd, M. L. (2010). Regional aboveground live carbon losses due to drought-induced tree dieback in piñon–juniper ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment114(7), 1471-1479. Reprint


Barger, N. N., Adams, H. D., Woodhouse, C., Neff, J. C., & Asner, G. P. (2009). Influence of livestock grazing and climate on pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) dynamics. Rangeland ecology & management62(6), 531-539. Reprint

Neff, J. C., Barger, N. N., Baisden, W. T., Fernandez, D. P., & Asner, G. P. (2009). Soil carbon storage responses to expanding pinyon–juniper populations in southern Utah. Ecological Applications19(6), 1405-1416. Reprint

Huang, C. Y., Asner, G. P., Martin, R. E., Barger, N. N., & Neff, J. C. (2009). Multiscale analysis of tree cover and aboveground carbon stocks in pinyon–juniper woodlands. Ecological Applications19(3), 668-681. Reprint


Hartley, A., Barger, N., Belnap, J., & Okin, G. S. (2007). Dryland ecosystems. In Nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems (pp. 271-307). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Reprint


Barger, N. N., Herrick, J. E., Van Zee, J., & Belnap, J. (2006). Impacts of biological soil crust disturbance and composition on C and N loss from water erosion. Biogeochemistry77(2), 247-263. Reprint


Barger, N. N., Belnap, J., Ojima, D. S., & Mosier, A. (2005). NO gas loss from biologically crusted soils in Canyonlands National Park, Utah. Biogeochemistry75(3), 373-391. Reprint

Belnap, J., Welter, J. R., Grimm, N. B., Barger, N., & Ludwig, J. A. (2005). Linkages between microbial and hydrologic processes in arid and semiarid watersheds. Ecology86(2), 298-307. Reprint


Barger, N. N., Ojima, D. S., Belnap, J., Shiping, W., Yanfen, W., & Chen, Z. (2004). Changes in plant functional groups, litter quality, and soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization with sheep grazing in an Inner Mongolian grassland. Journal of Range management57(6), 613-619. Reprint


Barger, N. N., D'antonio, C. M., Ghneim, T., & Cuevas, E. (2003). Constraints to colonization and growth of the African grass, Melinis minutiflora, in a Venezuelan savanna. Plant Ecology167(1), 31-43. Reprint


Barger, N. N., D’Antonio, C. M., Ghneim, T., Brink, K., & Cuevas, E. (2002). Nutrient limitation to primary productivity in a secondary savanna in Venezuela. Biotropica34(4), 493-501. Reprint