David Cook-Martín studies how and why states shape citizenship through laws, bureaucracies, and ideas, and how people engage those efforts. The historical movement of people across borders in different parts of the world offers an opportunity to probe these questions. In a book entitled Scramble for Citizens, David examines how three countries competed to nationalize migrants that moved among their territories at the turn of the 20th century and how that affected dual nationality in the present. In Culling the Masses, he studies how 22 countries in the Americas used laws to give preference to white immigrants and to exclude African, Asian and other non-Europeans as immigrants and potential citizens. During the two-hundred-year period reviewed, democracy and populism were most often linked to racial exclusion. In his current book project – Bound by Time - David examines the origins and role of temporary labor migration programs. He argues that while "guestworker" programs are often treated as peripheral to immigration policies, they have historically made it possible to manage the centripetal forces of nation-making and capitalist development. Under the cover of formal neutrality – because of selecting by ability to work - temporary labor migrant programs have made it possible for countries to sustain policies that select immigrants and prospective citizens by “fit” with racialized national imaginings. Temporary labor migrant programs and their history matter because they are becoming the main means of entry into countries like the United States that have historically claimed to be places of permanent settlement for immigrants. Temporariness is a quality that is increasingly a feature of migration, but also of the relationship between people and nation-states, and of work generally.
Rachel Rinaldo is associate professor of sociology and the director of graduate studies in the sociology department. She will be faculty director of the Center for Asian Studies starting in July 2021. Dr. Rinaldo is interested in gender, culture, religion, globalization, development, and qualitative methods, with a focus on Southeast Asia. She has been doing research in Indonesia since 2002. Her first book Mobilizing Piety: Islam and Feminism in Indonesia (Oxford 2013) was an ethnographic study of Muslim and secular feminists in Indonesia. More recently, she has been doing research on how changing understandings of gender and religion are reshaping the landscape of marriage and divorce in Java, as well as the emergence of the contemporary art scene in Indonesia and Singapore. She is also currently doing a study of how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted working parents and the gendered division of labor in the household in the Boulder/Denver area. Read the preliminary findings from the Gender, Working Parents, and the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States study.
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