Shadmehr R, Ahmed AA (2020) Vigor: Neuroeconomics of Movement ControlMIT Press


Courter RJ, Ahmed AA (2019) To break a habit, timing’s everything. Nature Human Behaviour 1–2. doi:10.1038/s41562-019-0744-x

Shadmehr R, Reppert TR, Summerside EM, Yoon T, Ahmed AA (2019) Movement vigor as a reflection of subjective economic utility.Trends in Neurosciences

Journal Articles

Yoon T, Jaleel A, Ahmed AA, Shadmehr R (2020) Saccade vigor and the subjective economic value of visual stimuli. Journal of Neurophyisology. 123: 2161-2172.

O’Brien MK, Ahmed AA (2019) Asymmetric valuation of gains and losses in effort-based decision making. PLoS ONE 14(10): e0223268. LD, Mazzo MR,

Petrigna L, Ahmed AA, Enoka RM (2019) Poor estimates of motor variability are associated with longer grooved pegboard times for middle-aged and older adults. Journal of Neurophysiology 121: 588-601.

Yoon T, Geary RB, Ahmed AA, Shadmehr R (2018) Control of movement vigor and decision making during foraging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 15: E10476-E10485.

Summerside EM, Kram R, Ahmed AA (2018) Contributions of metabolic and temporal costs to human gait selectionJournal of the Royal Society Interface 15: 20180197.

Summerside EM, Shadmehr R, Ahmed AA (2018) Vigor of reaching movements: reward discounts the cost of effortJournal of Neurophysiology 119: 2347-2357.

Pienciak-Siewert AP, Horan DP, Ahmed AA (2016). Trial-to-trial adaptation in control of arm reaching and standing posture. Journal of Neurophysiology 116:2936-2949.

Shadmehr R, Huang HJ, Ahmed AA (2016). A representation of effort in decision-making and motor control. Current Biology 26, 1-6Commentary

O’Brien MK, Ahmed AA (2016). Rationality in human movement. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 44:20-28. 

O’Brien MK, Ahmed AA (2015). Threat affects risk preferences in movement decision making. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 9:150. 

Nikooyan, AA, Ahmed, AA (2015). Reward feedback accelerates motor learning. Journal of Neurophysiology 113:633-646. 

O’Brien MK, Ahmed AA (2014). Take a stand on your decisions, or take a sit: posture does not affect risk preferences in an economic task. PeerJ 2:e475. 

Huang HJ, Ahmed AA (2014). Reductions in muscle activity and metabolic cost during visuomotor adaptation. Journal of Neurophysiology 112:2264-2274.

Pienciak-Siewert AP, Barletta AJ, Ahmed, AA (2014). Transfer of postural adaptation depends on context of prior exposure. Journal of Neurophysiology 111:1466-1478.

Huang HJ, Ahmed AA (2014). Older adults learn less, but still reduce metabolic cost during motor adaptation. Journal of Neurophysiology 111:135-144.

Trent MC, Ahmed AA (2013). Learning from the value of your mistakes: evidence for a risk-sensitive process in movement adaptation. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 7:118. 

Wilder MH, Jones M, Ahmed AA, Curran T, Mozer MC (2013). The persistent impact of incidental experience. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.

O'Brien MK, Ahmed AA (2013). Does risk-sensitivity transfer across movements? Journal of Neurophysiology 109:1866-1875.

Berniker M, O'Brien MK, Kording KP, Ahmed AA (2013). An examination of the generalizability of motor costs. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53759.

Manista GC, Ahmed AA (2012). Stability limits modulate whole-body motor learning. Journal of Neurophysiology 107:1952-1961.

Huang HJ, Kram R, Ahmed AA (2012). Reduction of metabolic cost during motor learning of arm reaching dynamics. Journal of Neuroscience 32(6): 2182-2190.

Huang HJ, Ahmed AA (2011). Tradeoff between stability and maneuverability during whole-body movements. PLoS ONE 6(7): e21815.
Featured image of the week in the PLoS ONE Community Blog

Ahmed AA, Wolpert DM (2009). Transfer of dynamics learning across postures. Journal of Neurophysiology 102:2816-2824.

Ahmed AA, Wolpert DM, Flanagan JR (2008). Flexible representations of dynamics are used in object manipulation. Current Biology 18:763-768. [commentary]

Ahmed AA, Ashton-Miller JA (2007). On use of a nominal internal model to detect a loss of balance in a maximal forward reach. Journal of Neurophysiology 97:2439-24447.

Ahmed AA, Ashton-Miller JA (2005). Effect of age on detecting a loss of balance in a seated, whole-body balancing task. Clinical Biomechanics 20:767-775. (ASB Clinical Biomechanics Award Paper 2003)

Ahmed AA, Ashton-Miller JA (2004). Is a loss of balance a control error signal anomaly? Evidence for three-sigma failure detection in young adults. Gait and Posture 19:252-262.