Clint Carroll
CNAIS Executive Board member • Associate Professor
Ethnic Studies


I am a citizen of the Cherokee Nation, and my research explores the intersection of indigenous governance and indigenous environmental perspectives in settler state contexts. I study the ability of indigenous nations to assert sovereignty over their lands and the extent to which this enables the perpetuation of unique ecological knowledges and practices. This overall outlook situates my long-term research agenda to develop a sovereignty-based political-ecological approach to indigenous environmental issues.

I have been working with Cherokee communities in Oklahoma since the summer of 2004, when I helped launch an applied ethnobotany program in the Cherokee Nation Office of Environmental Services. This ongoing initiative informs my broader research on Cherokee Nation environmental governance, political and environmental history, and traditional ecological knowledge. My book, Roots of Our Renewal: Ethnobotany and Cherokee Environmental Governance (2015, University of Minnesota Press), views these themes through the lens of the Cherokee Nation Medicine Keepers – a group of Cherokee elders and knowledge keepers in northeastern Oklahoma to whom I have served as a facilitator since their formation in 2008.

Future endeavors include research projects on environmental health in Indian Country as it pertains to both human and ecological well being, as well as the well being of the relationships between the two.


Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley - Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 2011 
B.A., University of Arizona, Tucson - Anthropology, 2003.


American Indian environmental policy & governance, Political ecology, Indigenous ethnography, Traditional ecological knowledge and practices, American Indian environmental health. 

Selected Publications


Carroll, Clint. 2015. Roots of Our Renewal: Ethnobotany and Cherokee Environmental Governance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press

Refereed Articles

Carroll, Clint. 2014. "Native Enclosures: Tribal National Parks and the Progressive Politics of Environmental Stewardship in Indian Country." Geoforum. 53: 31-40.

Carroll, Clint. 2014. "Shaping New Homelands: Environmental Production, Natural Resource Management, and the Dynamics of Indigenous State Practice in the Cherokee Nation." Ethnohistory. 61(1): 123 -147.

Contributions to Edited Collections

Carroll, Clint. 2012. "Articulating Indigenous Statehood: Cherokee State Formation and Implications for the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples." Pp. 143-171 in Indigenous Rights in the Age of the UN Declaration, edited by Elvira Pulitano. Cambridge University Press.

Works in Progress

Article length work, “‘Killing Our Brothers’: Indigenous Environmental Politics and the Minnesota-Wisconsin Wolf Hunt.”

Book Reviews

Carroll, Clint. 2012. Review of Trust in the Land: New Directions in Tribal Conservation (2011) by Beth Rose Middleton. Studies in American Indian Literature, 24(1): 68-71.


Carroll, Clint. 2013. “Minnesota Wolf Policy Should Include Ojibwe Perspective.” Minnesota Star Tribune. March 13.

Professional Activities

Member, Native American and Indigenous Studies Association (2009-present)

Member, Society for Applied Anthropology (2002-present)


Native Investigator Development Program, 2014 - 2016

Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2013 - 2014

IDEA Multicultural Research Award, University of Minnesota, Summer 2013

Udall Foundation Environmental Public Policy & Conflict Resolution Dissertation Fellowship, 2010 - 2011

National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, 2007 - 2010

EPA STAR Graduate Fellowship, 2005 - 2007