Project Lead: Karl Linden
UV light is a safe and effective means to treat water. High energy photons inactivate pathogens by attacking an organisms nucleic acids (DNA and RNA), denaturing them extensively such that the pathogen can not replicate or cause an infection, and dies off. UV wavelengths between 200 and 300 nm, with a peak around 260 nm, are most effective. These wavelengths are traditionally produced by mercury vapor UV lamps , and new UV LED devices are making UV technology even more versatile. UV LEDs can be applied to small devices that can treat water at the point of entry and point of use and be integrated into every day products such as water bottles and drinking fountains. UV can be operated remotely and does not need any chemical input or produce any residuals to dispose of, making it ideal for small and low resourced settings.
UV treatment is as effective or more effective than other means of disinfection, such as chlorine or ozone. Furthermore, UV does not affect the taste or odor of water and works in just a few seconds of treatment time. UV is also effective against pathogens in wastewater effluents and is widely applied for disinfection before discharging water into the environment. At higher doses, UV photons can destroy numerous chemical contaminants, and combined with hydrogen peroxide, can form highly oxidative hydroxyl radicals to enable effective control of chemicals of concern.