For copies please email: karl.linden@colorado.edu

Notes: Names in Bold from Linden’s Lab, * indicates Linden is corresponding author.

  1. Beck SE, Rodriguez R.A., Hawkins M.A., Hargy T.M., Larason TC, Linden K.G. (2016) "Comparison of UV-induced inactivation and RNA damage in MS2 phage across the germicidal UV spectrum" Applied Environmental Microbiology 82:1468–1474. doi:10.1128/AEM.02773-15.
  2. Singh, R., Lester, Y., Linden, K.G., Love, N., Atilla-Gokcumen, G.E., Aga, D. (2015) “Application of metabolite profiling tools and time-of flight mass spectrometry in the identification of transformation products of iopromide and iopamidol during advanced oxidation" Accepted (February 2015) Environmental Science & Technology
  3. Bohrerova, Z., Rosenblum, J., Linden, K.G. (2015) “Importance of recovery of E. coli in water following ultraviolet light disinfection” Accepted (November 2014) ASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering
  4. Lester, Y., Thurman, E.M., Ferrer, I., Sitterley, K., Korak, J.A., Aiken, G., *Linden, K.G. (2015) “Characterization of fracturing flowback water in Colorado: Implications for water treatmentScience of the Total Environment 521-513: 637-644.
  5. Beck, S.E., Wright, H.B., Hargy, T.M., Larason, T.C., *Linden, K.G. (2015)Action Spectra for Validation of Pathogen Disinfection in Medium-Pressure Ultraviolet (UV) Systems” Water Research, 70:27-37
  6. Keen, O.S., Thurman, E.M., Ferrer, I., *Linden, K.G. (2014) “Degradation pathways of lamotrigine under advanced treatment by direct UV photolysis, hydroxyl radicals, and ozone”. Chemosphere. 117:316-323
  7. Barstow, C.K., Dotson, A.D., *Linden, K.G. (2014) “Assessing point of use ultraviolet disinfection for safe water in urban developing communitiesIWA Journal of Water and Health, 12(4):663-669
  8. Glover, C.M., Mezyk, S.P., Linden, K.G. Rosario-Ortiz, F.L.  (2014) “Photochemical degradation of Corexit components in ocean waterChemosphere, 111:596-602
  9. Parker, A.M., Ferrer, I, Thurman, E.M., Rosario-Ortiz, F.L., *Linden, K.G. (2014) “Determination of COREXIT Components used in the Deepwater Horizon Cleanup by Liquid Chromatography-Ion Trap Mass SpectrometryAnalytical Methods, 6:5498-5502
  10. Poepping, C., Beck, S.E., Wright, H., *Linden, K.G. (2014) “Evaluation of DNA Damage Reversal During Medium-Pressure UV DisinfectionWater Research, 56: 181-189.
  11. Lester, Y., Ferrer, I., Thurman, E.M., *Linden, K.G. (2014) “Demonstrating sucralose as a monitor of full-scale UV/AOP treatment of trace organic compoundsJournal of Hazardous Materials, 280: 104-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.07.009
  12. Rodriguez, R.A., Bounty, S.H., Beck, S.E., Chan, C., McGuire, C., *Linden, K.G., (2014) “Photoreactivation of bacteriophages after UV disinfection: role of genome structure and impacts of UV source Water Research 55, pp 143–149.
  13. Chatterley, C., Javernick-Will, A., Linden, K.G., Kawser, A., Laure, B., Mohini, V. (2014) “A qualitative comparative analysis of well-managed school sanitation in Bangladesh” BMC public health, Vol. 14, No. 6. Pp. 1-14.
  14. Lester, Y., Yacob, T., Morrissey, I. and *Linden, K.G. (2014) Can We Treat Hydraulic Fracturing Flowback with a Conventional Biological Process? The Case of Guar Gum. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 1 (1), pp 133–136. DOI: 10.1021/ez4000115
  15. Beck, S.E., Rodriguez, R.A., *Linden, K.G., Hargy, T.M., Larason, T.C., Wright, H.B. (2014) "Wavelength Dependent UV Inactivation and DNA Damage of Adenovirus as Measured by Cell Culture Infectivity and Long Range Quantitative PCREnvironmental Science & Technology  48 (1), pp 591–598. DOI: 10.1021/es403850b
  16. Keen, O.S., McKay, G., Mezyk, S.P., Linden, K.G., Rosario-Ortiz, F.L., (2014) Identifying the factors that influence the reactivity of effluent organic matter with hydroxyl radicals, Water Research 50: 408-419. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.10.049.
  17. Kover, S.C., Rosario-Ortiz, F.L., *Linden, K.G. (2014) Photochemical fate of solvent constituents of Corexit oil dispersants. Water Research, 52:101-111. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.12.013
  18. Beck, S.E., Rodriguez, R.A., Salveson, A., Goel, N., Rhodes, S., Kehoe, P., *Linden, K.G. (2013) “Disinfection Methods for Treating Low TOC, Light Graywater to California Title 22 Water Reuse StandardsASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering, 139(9), 1137–1145
  19. Matafonova, G.G., Batoev, V.B., Linden, K.G. (2013) “Photocatalytic-based inactivation of E. coli by UV 282 nm XeBr Excilamp” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. Vol. 48, No. 13, 1670-1676, DOI: 10.1080/10934529.2013.815492
  20. Matafonova, G.G., Batoev, V.B., Linden, K.G., (2013) Impact of scattering of UV radiation from an exciplex lamp on the efficacy of photocatalytic inactivation of cells in water, Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 79, No. 2, 296-301, 2013
  21. Keen, O.S., Thurman, E.M., Ferrer, I., Dotson, A.D., *Linden, K.G. (2013) “Dimer formation during UV photolysis of diclofenac” Chemosphere, Vol. 93, No. 9, 1948-1956.
  22. Bibby, K.J., Brantley, S.L., Reible, D.D., Linden, K.G., Mouser, P.J., Gregory, K.B., Ellis, B.R., and Vidic, R.D. (2013) “Suggested Reporting Parameters for Investigations of Wastewater from Unconventional Shale Gas ExtractionEnvironmental Science & Technology 2013 47 (23), 13220-13221. DOI: 10.1021/es404960z
  23. Keen, O.S. and *Linden, K.G. (2013) Degradation of Antibiotic Activity during UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation and Photolysis in Wastewater Effluent Environmental Science & Technology 2013 47 (22), 13020-13030
  24. *Linden, K.G. (2013) Production of Photo-oxidants by Dissolved Organic Matter During UV Water Treatment Environmental Science & Technology 2013 47 (20), 11726-11733 
  25. Keen, O.S. and *Linden, K.G. (2013) Re-Engineering an Artificial Sweetener: Transforming Sucralose Residuals in Water via Advanced Oxidation Environmental Science & Technology 2013 47 (13), 6799-6805 
  26. Keen, O., Dotson, A.D., *Linden, K.G. (2013) “Evaluation of hydrogen peroxide chemical quenching agents following an advanced oxidation processASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering 139(1), 137–140 
  27. Rodriguez, R.A., Bounty, S., *Linden, K.G. (2013) Long-Range Quantitative PCR for Determining Inactivation of Adenovirus 2 by UV Light. J. Applied Microbiology. 114(6) 1854-1865
  28. Azaizeh, H., Linden, K.G., Barstow, C., Kalbouneh, S. Tellawi, A, Albalawneh, A., Gerchman, Y. (2013) “Constructed wetlands combined with UV disinfection systems for removal of enteric pathogens and wastewater contaminantsWater Science and Technology Vol. 67, No. 3, 651-657.  doi: 10.2166/wst.2012.615. 
  29. Bounty, S. Rodriguez, R., *Linden, K.G. (2012) “Inactivation of adenovirus using low-dose UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation”, Water Research, Vol. 46, No. 19, 6273-6278
  30. Keen, O., Baik, S, *Linden, K.G., Aga, D.S., Love, N.G. (2012)  “Enhanced biodegradation of carbamazepine after UV/H2O2 advanced oxidationEnvironmental Science and Technology, Vol. 46, 6222−6227
  31. Bell, K.Y., Bandy, J., Beck, S., Keen, O., Kolankowsky, N., Parker, A.M., Linden, K. (2012) "Emerging pollutants – Part II: Treatment."  Water Environment Research 84(10), 1909-1940
  32. Dotson, A.D., Rodriguez, C., *Linden, K.G. (2012) “UV Disinfection Implementation Status in US Water Treatment PlantsJournal of the American Water Works Association, Vol. 104, No. 5, 318-324
  33. Keen, O., Love, N.G., *Linden, K.G. (2012) "The role of effluent nitrate in trace organic chemical oxidation during UV disinfection”, Water Research, Vol. 46, 5224-5234.
  34. Lyon, B., Dotson, A.D., Linden, K.G., Weinberg, H., (2012) “The effect of inorganic precursors on disinfection byproduct formation during UV-chlorine/chloramine drinking water treatmentWater Research. Vol. 46, 4653 – 4664.
  35. Eischeid, A., Thurston, J., *Linden, K.G. (2011) ”UV Disinfection of Adenovirus: Current State of the Research and Future DirectionsCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 41, 1375–1396
  36. Shah, A.D., Dotson, A.D. Linden, K.G. Mitch, W.A. (2011) "Impact of UV Disinfection Combined with Chlorination/ Chloramination on the Formation of Halonitromethanes and Haloacetonitriles in Drinking WaterEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 45, 36573664.
  37. Park, G-W., Vinjie, J., Linden, K.G., Sobsey, M.D. (2011) “Comparative UV inactivation of murine norovirus, feline calicivirus, echovirus 12 and coliphage” Accepted in Letters in Applied Microbiology Vol. 52, No. 2. 162-167
  38. Eischeid, A., and *Linden, K.G. (2011) ”Molecular Indications of Protein Damage in Adenoviruses after UV DisinfectionApplied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 77, No. 3. Pp 1145-1147
  39. Chatterley, C.J. and *Linden K.G. (2010) “Demonstration and evaluation of germicidal UV-LEDs for point-of-use water disinfectionJournal of Water and Health, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp 479 – 486.
  40. Dotson, A.D., Keen, V. Metz, D. *Linden K.G. (2010) "UV/H2O2 treatment of drinking water increases post-chlorination DBP formationWater Research Vol. 44, p. 3703-3713.
  41. Reckhow, D.A., Linden, K.G., Kim, J., Shemer, H., Makdissy, G. (2010) “Effect of UV Treatment on DBP Formation”, Journal of the American Water Works Association, Vol. 102, No. 6, pp 100-113.
  42. Wu, C., *Linden, K.G. (2010) “Phototransformation of selected organophosphorus pesticides: Roles of hydroxyl and carbonate radicalsWater Research, Vol. 44, p. 3585-3594.
  43. Watts, M.J., *Linden, K.G. (2009) “Advanced oxidation kinetics of aqueous tri alkyl phosphate flame retardants and plasticizersEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 43, No. 8, 2937-2942.
  44. Shin G-A, Lee, J-K, Linden, K.G. (2009) “Enhanced effectiveness of medium-pressure ultraviolet lamps on human adenovirus 2 and its possible mechanismWater Science & Technology—WST, Vol. 60, No. 4., 851-857
  45. Bandy, J., Shemer, H., *Linden, K.G. (2009) “The impact of lamp choice and H2O2 dose on the photodegradation of nitrobenzeneEnvironmental Engineering Science, Vol. 26, No. 5, 973-980
  46. *Linden, K.G., Shin, G-A., Lee, J-K., Scheible, O.K., Shen, C., Posy, P. (2009) “Demonstrating 4-log Adenovirus Inactivation in a Medium-Pressure Ultraviolet Disinfection Reactor”, Journal AWWA , Vol. 101, No. 4, 90-97  2010 Best Paper Award, JAWWA
  47. Mamane, H., Bohrerova, Z., *Linden, K.G. (2009) “Evaluation of Bacillus spore survival and surface morphology following chlorine and UV disinfection in waterASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 135 No. 8, 692-699.
  48. Shin, G-A, Linden, K.G., Faubert, G. (2009) “Inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts by polychromatic UV emissionLetters in Applied Microbiology Vol. 48, No. 6, 790-792.
  49. Slotkin, T., Seidler, F., Wu, C, MacKillop, E., Linden, K.  (2009) "Photolytic Breakdown Products of Chlorpyrifos: Developmental Neurotoxicity Evaluated in PC12 Cells", Environmental Health Perspectives Vol. 117, No. 3, 338–343.
  50. Bohrerova, Z., Bohrer, G., Cho, K.D., Linden, K.G. (2009) “Determining the viability response of pine pollen to atmospheric conditions during long-distance dispersalEcological Applications Vol. 19, No. 3, 656-667.
  51. Eischeid, A.C., Meyer, J., *Linden, K.G. (2009) “UV Disinfection of Adenoviruses: Molecular Indications of DNA Damage EfficiencyApplied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 75, No. 1, 23-28.
  52. Watts, M.J., *Linden, K.G. (2008) “Photooxidation and subsequent biodegradability of recalcitrant tri-alkyl phosphates TCEP and TBP in waterWater Research, Vol. 42, No. 20, 4949-4954
  53. Wu, C., *Linden, K.G., (2008) “Degradation and Byproducts Formation of Parathion in Aqueous Solutions by UV and UV/H2O2 Treatment”, Water Research, Vol. 42, No. 19, 4780-4790.
  54. Elovitz, M.S., Shemer, H., Peller, J.R., Vinodgopal, K., Sivaganesan, M., *Linden, K.G. (2008) “Hydroxyl radical rate constants: Comparing UV/H2O2 and pulse radiolysis for environmental pollutantsJournal of Water Supply Research and Technology – Aqua Vol. 57, No. 6, 391-401
  55. Bohrerova, Z., Shemer, H., Lantis, B., Impellitteri, C.,*Linden, K.G. (2008) “Comparative Disinfection Efficiency of Pulsed and Continuous-Wave UV Irradiation TechnologiesWater Research  Vol. 42, No. 12, 2975-2982
  56. Örmeci, B., Linden, K.G. (2008) “Development of a fluorescence in-situ hybridization protocol for the identification of microorganisms associated with wastewater particles and flocsJournal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Vol. 43, No. 13, 1484-1488
  57. Chen W.R, Wu, C., Linden, K.G., Suffet, I.H. (2008) “Reactions of thiocarbamate, triazine and urea herbicides, RDX and benzenes on EPA Contaminant Candidate List with ozone and with hydroxyl radicalsWater Research Vol. 42, No. 1-2, 137-144
  58. *Linden, K.G., Thurston, J., Schaefer, R., Malley, J.P. Jr. (2007) “Enhanced UV Inactivation of Adenoviruses under Polychromatic UV LampsApplied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 73, No. 23, 7571–7574
  59. Watts, M.J., Rosenfeldt, E.J., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Comparative OH radical oxidation using UV-Cl2 and UV-H2O2 processesJournal WSRT-AQUA, Vol. 56, No. 8, 469-478.
  60. Pereira, V.J., *Linden, K.G., Weinberg, H.S. (2007) “Evaluation of UV irradiation for photolytic and oxidative degradation of pharmaceutical compounds in waterWater Research Vol. 41, No. 19, 4413 – 4423
  61. Linden, K.G., Rosenfeldt, E.J., Kullman, S.W. (2007) “UV/H2O2 degradation of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in water evaluated via toxicity assaysWater Science and Technology, Vol. 55, No. 12, 313-319
  62. Eischeid, A., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Efficiency of pyrimidine dimer formation in Escherichia coli across UV wavelengthsJournal of Applied Microbiology. Vol. 103, 1650–1656
  63. Watts, M.J., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Chlorine Photolysis and Subsequent *OH Radical Production During UV Treatment of Chlorinated WaterWater Research, Vol. 41, No. 13, 2871-2878.
  64. Wu, C., Shemer, H., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Photodegradation and Byproduct Formation of Metolachlor in Water via UV and UV/H2O2 TreatmentJ. Agric. Food Chem. Vol. 55, No. 10, 4059-4065.
  65. Bohrerova, Z., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Standardizing Photoreactivation: Comparison of DNA Photorepair Rate in Escherichia coli Using Four Different Fluorescent LampsWater Research, Vol. 41, No. 12, 2832-2838.
  66. Schaefer, R., Grapperhaus, M., Schaefer, I., and Linden, K., (2007) “Pulsed UV lamp performance and comparison with UV mercury lamps”, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science Vol. 6, No. 3, 303-320.
  67. Grapperhaus, M., Schaefer, R. and Linden, K., (2007) “Modeling of a new UV test cell for evaluation of lamp fluence rate effects in regard to water treatment, and comparison to collimated beam tests”, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, 271-276.
  68. Chen, P.J., Kullman, S.W., Hinton, D., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Comparisons of Low- and Medium- Pressure UV lamps on the Removal of Bisphenol A Estrogenic Activity in Water following Direct Photolysis and UV/H2O2 Oxidation ProcessesChemosphere, Vo. 68, No. 6, 1041-1049.
  69. Rosenfeldt, E.J., *Linden, K.G., (2007) “Hydroxyl radical formation during the UV/H2O2 processes: The ROH/UV conceptEnvironmental Science and Technology. Vol. 41, No. 7, 2548-2553
  70. Mamane, H., Shemer, H. *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Inactivation of E. coli, B. subtilis spores, and MS2, T4, and T7 phage using UV/H2O2 advanced oxidationJournal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 146, 479–486
  71. Liu, D. Wu, C., Linden, K.G., Ducoste, J. (2007) “Numerical Simulation of UV Disinfection Reactors: Evaluation of Alternative Turbulence Models”, Applied Mathematical Modeling, Vol. 31, No. 9, 1753-1769
  72. Rosenfeldt, E.J., Chen, P.J., Kullman, S.W., *Linden, K.G., (2007) “Destruction of estrogenic activity in water using UV advanced oxidationScience of the Total Environment, Vol. 377, No. 1, 105-113.
  73. Chen, P.J., Rosenfeldt, E.J., Kullman, S.W., Hinton, D., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Biological Assessments of a Mixture of Endocrine Disruptors at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations in Water following UV/H2O2 OxidationScience of the Total Environment, Vol. 376, No. 1-3, 18-26.
  74. Shemer, H., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Aqueous photodegradation and toxicity of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons fluorene, dibenzofuran and dibenzothiophene”, Water Research, Vol. 41, No 4, 853-861.
  75. Pereira, V.J., Weinberg, H.S., Linden, K.G., Singer, P.C. (2007) “UV degradation of pharmaceutical compounds in surface water via direct and indirect photolysis at 254 nmEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 41, No 5, 1682-1688.
  76. Shemer, H., *Linden, K.G. (2007) “Photolysis, oxidation and subsequent toxicity of a mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in natural waters”, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry Vol. 187, No. 2-3, 186-195
  77. Bohrerova, Z., Mamane-Gravetz, H., Ducoste, J., *Linden, K.G. (2006)Comparative inactivation of Bacillus subtilis spores and MS-2 coliphage in a LP UV reactor: implications for validation”, ASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 132, No. 12, 1554-1561
  78. Rosenfeldt, E.J., Linden, K.G., Canonica, S., von Gunten, U. (2006) “Comparative efficiency of OH radical generation from ozone and UV based processesWater Research Vol. 40, No. 20, 3695 – 3704
  79. Shemer, H., Sharpless, C.M., Elovitz, M.S., *Linden, K.G. (2006) “Relative rate constants of contaminant candidate list pesticides with hydroxyl radicalsEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 40, 4460-4466
  80. Bohrerova, Z., *Linden, K.G. (2006) "Molecular Based Assessments of Inactivation and Photorepair of Mycobacterium terrae following UV Disinfection” Journal of Applied Microbiology Vol. 101, 995–1001
  81. Chen, P.J., Linden, K.G., Hinton, D.E., Kashiwada, S., Rosenfeldt, E.J., Kullman, S.W. (2006) “Biological Assessments of Bisphenol A Degradation in Water following Direct Photolysis and UV Advanced OxidationChemosphere Vol. 65, 1094–1102.
  82. Jin S., Mofidi, A.A., and *Linden, K.G. (2006).  “Polychromatic UV fluence measurements using chemical actinometry, biodosimetry, and mathematical techniquesASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 132, No. 8, 831-841.
  83. Mamane-Gravetz, H. and *Linden, K.G. (2006). “Impact of particle aggregated microbes on UV disinfection. Part I: discrepancy between spore-clay aggregates and suspended sporesASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 132, No. 6, 596-606.
  84. Mamane-Gravetz, H. and *Linden, K.G. (2006). “Impact of particle aggregated microbes on UV disinfection. Part II: importance of proper absorbance measurement on UV dose determinationASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 132, No. 6, 607-615
  85. Shemer, H., *Linden, K.G. (2006) “Degradation and byproduct formation of diazinon using UV and UV/H2O2 processes”, Journal of Hazardous Materials Vol. 136, No. 3, 553-559
  86. Chen, W., Sharpless, C.M., Linden, K.G., Suffet, I.H. (2006) “Treatment of Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOCs) on the EPA Contaminant Candidate List Using Ozonation and O3/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation ProcessEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 40, No. 8, 2734-2739.
  87. Bohrerova, Z. and *Linden K.G. (2006)UV and chlorine disinfection of Mycobacterium in wastewater: impact of aggregationWater Environment Research. Vol. 78, No. 6, 565–571.
  88. Mamane-Gravetz, H., Ducoste, J., *Linden, K. (2006) “Impact of Particles on UV Light Penetration in Natural and Engineered SystemsApplied Optics Vol. 45, No. 8, 1844-1856.
  89. Shemer, H., Kunukcu, Y.K., *Linden, K.G. (2006) “Degradation of the Pharmaceutical Metronidazole Via UV, Fenton and photo-Fenton Processes", Chemosphere Vol. 63, 269-276.
  90. Bohrerova Z., Bohrer, G., Mohanraj, S., Ducoste, J., *Linden K.G. (2005) “Experimental measurements of fluence distribution in a UV reactor using fluorescent dyed microspheresEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 29, No. 22, 8925 - 8930
  91. Qian, S.S., Linden, K.G., Donnelly, M. (2005) “A Bayesian Analysis of Mouse Infectivity Data to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Using Ultraviolet Light as a Drinking Water DisinfectantWater Research Vol. 39, No. 17, 4229-4239
  92. Mamane-Gravetz, H., Linden, K.G. Cabaj, A., Sommer, R., (2005) “Spectral sensitivity of Bacillus subtilis spores and MS2 coliphage for validation testing of ultraviolet reactors for water disinfectionEnvironmental Science and Technology Vol. 39, No. 20, 7845-7852
  93. Shemer, H., Sharpless, C.M., *Linden, K.G. (2005) “Photodegradation of 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol in aqueous solution”, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. Vol. 168, No. 1-4, 145-155.
  94. Rosenfeldt, E.J., Melcher, B., and *Linden, K.G. (2005) “UV and UV/H2O2 treatment of methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin in water”, Journal of Water Supply: Research & Technology –AQUA Vol. 54, No. 7, 423-434.
  95. Ducoste, J., Liu, D., and Linden, K.G. (2005) “Alternative Approaches to Modeling Dose Distribution and Microbial Inactivation in Ultraviolet Reactors: Lagrangian vs. Eulerian ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 131, No. 10, 1393-1403
  96. Ducoste, J.J., Linden, K.G., Rojker, D., Liu, D., (2005) “Assessment of Reduction Equivalent Fluence Bias Using Computational Fluid DynamicsEnvironmental Engineering Science Vol. 22, No. 5, 615-628
  97. Ormeci, B., and *Linden, K.G. (2005) “Comparison of Physical and Chemical Methods for Extraction of Microorganisms from Wastewater Particles and FlocsEnvironmental Engineering Science, Vol. 22, No. 4, 459-471.
  98. Johnson, A.M., Linden, K.G., Ciociola, K.M., De Leon, R., Widmer, G. Rochelle, P.A. (2005) “UV inactivation of Cryptosporidium hominis as measured in cell cultureApplied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 71, No. 5, 2800-2802.
  99. Jin, S., *Linden, K.G., Ducoste, J., Liu, D. (2005) “Impact of Lamp Shadowing and Reflection on the Fluence Rate Distribution in a Multiple Low-Pressure UV Lamp ArrayWater Research, Vol. 39, No. 12, 2711-2721.
  100. Ormeci, B., Ducoste, J., and *Linden, K.G. (2005) “UV Disinfection of Chlorinated Water: Impact on Chlorine Concentration and UV Dose Delivery”, Journal of Water Supply: Research & Technology –AQUA, Vol. 54, No. 3, 189-199.
  101. Sharpless, C.M. and Linden, K.G. (2005) “Interpreting Collimated Beam UV Oxidation Rate Data in Terms of Electrical Efficiency of TreatmentJournal of Environmental Engineering and Science. Vol. 4, No. S1, 19-26.
  102. Shin, G-A., Linden, K.G., Sobsey, M.D. (2005) “Low pressure UV inactivation of pathogenic enteric viruses and bacteriophagesJournal of Environmental Engineering and Science. Vol. 4, No. S1, 7-11.
  103. Shin, G-A., Linden, K.G., Faubert, G., Sobsey, M.D. (2005) “Inactivation of Giardia lamblia cysts by UV irradiation in real field watersJournal of Water and Environment Technology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 41-45.
  104. Oliver, J.D., Dagher, M., and Linden, K.G. (2005) “Induction of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium into the viable but nonculturable state following chlorination of wastewater”, Journal of Water and Health. Vol. 3, No. 3, 249-257.
  105. Ducoste, J., Linden, K.G. (2005) “Determination of UV Sensor Location for Sensor Set-point Monitoring using Computational Fluid DynamicsJournal of Environmental Engineering and Science. Vol. 4, No. S1, 33-43.
  106. Bolton, J.R. and *Linden K.G. (2005) "Discussion of Standardized Collimated Beam Testing Protocol for Water/Wastewater Ultraviolet Disinfection”, by Kuo, J. et al., ASCE: Journal of Environmental Engineering Vol. 131, No. 5, 827-829.
  107. Mamane-Gravetz, H. and *Linden, K.G. (2005) “The relationship between physiochemical properties, aggregation, and UV inactivation of isolated indigenous spores in water”, Journal of Applied Microbiology Vol. 98, No. 2, 351-363.
  108. Liu, D., Ducoste, J., Jin, S., and Linden, K.G. (2004) “Evaluation of Alternative Fluence Rate Distribution ModelsJournal of Water Supply: Research & Technology –AQUA Vol.53 No. 6, 391-408
  109. Mofidi, A.A., and Linden, K.G., (2004) “Disinfection Effectiveness of Ultraviolet Light for Heterotrophic Bacteria Leaving Biologically Active FiltersJournal of Water Supply: Research & Technology –AQUA Vol. 53 No. 8, 553-566
  110. Rosenfeldt, E. and *Linden, K.G. (2004) “Degradation of endocrine disrupting chemicals bisphenol-A, ethinyl estradiol, and estradiol during UV photolysis and advanced oxidation processesEnvironmental Science and Technology, Vol. 38 No. 20, 5476-5483
  111. Batch, L.F., Schulz, C.D., and *Linden, K.G. (2004) “Evaluating Water Quality Impacts on UV Disinfection of MS2 Coliphage in Filtered WaterJournal of the American Water Works Association, Vol. 96, No. 7, pp. 75-87.
  112. Mamane-Gravetz, H. and *Linden, K.G. (2004) “UV disinfection of indigenous aerobic spores: implications for UV reactor validation with unfiltered waters”, Water Research Vol. 38, No. 12, pp. 2898-2906
  113. Kashinkunti, R., Linden, K.G., Shin, G-A, Metz, D.H., Sobsey, M.D., Moran, M. and Samuelson, A. (2004) “Investigating Multi-Barrier Inactivation for Cincinnati: UV, By-products, and BiostabilityJournal of the American Water Works Association, Vol. 96, No. 6, pp. 114-127.
  114. Qian, S., Donnelly, M., Schmelling, D., Messner, M., Linden, K.G., Cotton, C. (2004) “Ultraviolet light inactivation of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in drinking water A Bayesian meta-analysisWater Research, Vol. 38, pp.317-326
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