This page lists all of the peer–reviewed articles (published or in press) that are listed in reverse chronological order here, but organized loosely by theme. The high-level themes include dynamics of climate variability & change, equatorial ocean circulation, climate impacts on tropical marine ecosystems, paleoclimate, tropical cyclones, climate and health, and other climate impacts.

DYNAMICS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY & CHANGE

 

GENERAL

Karnauskas, K. B., 2022: A Simple Coupled Model of the Wind–Evaporation–SST Feedback with a Role for Stability. J. Climate, 35(7), 2149–2160, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0895.1.

Amaya, D. J., M. G. Jacox, J. Dias, M. A. Alexander, K. B. Karnauskas, J. D. Scott, and M. Gehne, 2022: Subseasonal-to-seasonal forecast skill in the California Current System and its connection to coastal Kelvin waves. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 127(1), e2021JC017892, doi: 10.1029/2021JC017892.

Zhang, L., W. Han, K. B. Karnauskas, Y. Li, and T. Tozuka, 2022: Eastward Shift of Interannual Climate Variability in the South Indian Ocean since 1950. J. Climate, 35(2), 561–575, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0356.1.

Samanta, D., N. F. Goodkin, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2021: Volume and heat transport in the South China Sea and Maritime Continent at present and the end of the 21st century. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 126(9), e2020JC016901, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016901.

Amaya, D. J., M. A. Alexander, A. Capotondi, C. Deser, K. B. Karnauskas, A. J. Miller, and N. J. Mantua, 2021: Are Long-Term Changes in Mixed Layer Depth Influencing North Pacific Marine Heatwaves? [in “Explaining Extremes of 2019 from a Climate Perspective”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 102(1), S59–S66, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0144.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., L. Zhang, and D. J. Amaya, 2021: The Atmospheric Response to North Atlantic SST Trends, 1870–2019. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48(2), e2020GL090677, doi: 10.1029/2020GL090677.

Samanta, D., K. B. Karnauskas, and N. F. Goodkin, 2019: Tropical Pacific SST and ITCZ Biases in Climate Models: Double Trouble for Future Rainfall Projections? Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 2242–2252, doi: 10.1029/2018GL081363.

Samanta, D., K. B. Karnauskas, N. F. Goodkin, S. Coats, J. E. Smerdon, and L. Zhang, 2018: Coupled model biases breed spurious low–frequency variability in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 10609–10618, doi: 10.1029/2018GL079455.

Maroon, E. A., J. E. Kay, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2018: Influence of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on the Northern Hemisphere surface temperature response to radiative forcing. J. Climate, 31, 9207–9224, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0900.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., and B. H. Jones, 2018: The interannual variability of sea surface temperature in the Red Sea from 35 years of satellite and in situ observations. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 123, 5824–5841, doi: 10.1029/2017JC013320.

Zhang, L., K. B. Karnauskas, J. B. Weiss, and L. M. Polvani, 2018: Observational Evidence of the Downstream Impact on Tropical Rainfall from Stratospheric Kelvin Waves. Clim. Dyn., 50, 3775–3782, doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3844-1.

DeCarlo, T. M., K. B. Karnauskas, K. A. Davis, and G. T. F. Wong, 2015: Climate modulates internal wave activity in the Northern South China Sea. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(3), 831–838, doi: 10.1002/2014GL062522.

Maloney, E., and Coauthors, 2014: North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of Twenty–First Century projections. J. Climate, 27(6), 2230–2270, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00273.1.

Sheffield, J., and Coauthors, 2013: North American climate in CMIP5 experiments. Part II: Evaluation of historical simulations of intraseasonal to decadal variability. J. Climate, 26(23), 9247–9290, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00593.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., J. E. Smerdon, R. Seager, and J. F. Gonzalez–Rouco, 2012: A Pacific centennial oscillation predicted by coupled GCMs. J. Climate, 25(17), 5943–5961, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00421.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., and A. J. Busalacchi, 2009: Mechanisms for the interannual variability of SST in the east Pacific warm pool. J. Climate, 22(6), 1375–1392, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2467.1.

 

ENSO

Sanchez, S. C., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2021: Diversity in the persistence of El Niño events over the last millennium. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48(18), e2021GL093698, doi: 10.1029/2021GL093698.

Wei, H.–H., A. C. Subramanian, K. B. Karnauskas, C. A. DeMott, M. R. Mazloff, and M. A. Balmaseda, 2021: Tropical Pacific Air-sea Interaction Processes and Biases in CESM2 and their Relation to El Niño Development. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 126(6), e2020JC016967, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016967.

Gao, C., R.–H. Zhang, K. B. Karnauskas, L. Zhang, and F. Tian, 2020: Separating freshwater flux effects on ENSO in a hybrid coupled model of the tropical Pacific. Clim. Dyn., 54, 4605–4626, doi: 10.1007/s00382-020-05245-y.

Samanta, D., B. Rajagopalan, K. B. Karnauskas, L. Zhang, and N. F. Goodkin, 2020: La Niña's Diminishing Fingerprint on the Central Indian Summer Monsoon. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47(2), e2019GL086237, doi: 10.1029/2019GL086237.

Lemmon, D. E., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2019: A metric for quantifying El Niño pattern diversity with implications for ENSO–mean state interaction. Clim. Dyn., 52, 7511–7523, doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4194-3.

Capotondi, A., A. T. Wittenberg, M. Newman, E. Di Lorenzo, J.–Y. Yu, P. Braconnot, J. Cole, B. Dewitte, B. Giese, E. Guilyardi, F.–F. Jin, K. Karnauskas, B. Kirtman, T. Lee, N. Schneider, Y. Xue, and S.–W. Yeh, 2015: Understanding ENSO diversity. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96(6), 921–938, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00117.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., 2013: Can we distinguish canonical El Niño from Modoki? Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(19), 5246–5251, doi: 10.1002/grl.51007.

 

COUPLED RESPONSE OF THE TROPICAL PACIFIC TO RADIATIVE FORCING

Zhang, L., W. Han, K. B. Karnauskas, G. A. Meehl, A. Hu, N. Rosenbloom, and T. Shinoda, 2019: Indian Ocean Warming Trend Reduces Pacific Warming Response to Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gases: An Interbasin Thermostat Mechanism. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 10882–10890, doi: 10.1029/2019GL084088.

Zhang, L., D.–Z. Sun and K. B. Karnauskas, 2019: The Role of the Indian Ocean in Determining the Tropical Pacific SST Response to Radiative Forcing in an Idealized Model. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 86, 1–9, doi: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2019.02.003.

Coats, S., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2018: A role for the Equatorial Undercurrent in the ocean dynamical thermostat. J. Climate, 31, 6245–6261, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0513.1.

Coats, S., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2017: Are simulated and observed 20th century tropical Pacific sea surface temperature trends significant relative to internal variability? Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 9928–9937, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074622.

Zhang, L., and K. B.  Karnauskas, 2017: The Role of Tropical Interbasin SST Gradients in Forcing Walker Circulation Trends. J. Climate, 30(2), 499–508, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0349.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., R. Seager, A. Kaplan, Y. Kushnir, and M. A. Cane, 2009: Observed strengthening of the zonal sea surface temperature gradient across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 22(16), 4316–4321, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2936.1.

 

HADLEY CIRCULATION

Staten, P. W., K. M. Grise, S. M. Davis, K. B. Karnauskas, D. W. Waugh, A. Maycock, Q. Fu, K. Cook, O. Adam, I. R. Simpson, R. J. Allen, K. Rosenlof, G. Chen, C. C. Ummenhofer, X.–W. Quan, J. P. Kossin, N. A. Davis, and S.–W. Soon, 2020: Tropical widening: From global variations to regional impacts. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E897–E904, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0047.1.

Staten, P. W., K. M. Grise, S. M. Davis, N. A. Davis, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2019: Regional widening of tropical overturning–forced change, natural variability, and recent trends. J. Geophys. Res.–Atmospheres, 124, 6104–6119, doi: 10.1029/2018JD030100.

Grise, K. M., S. M. Davis, I. R. Simpson, D. W. Waugh, Q. Fu, R. J. Allen, K. H. Rosenlof, C. C. Ummenhofer, K. B. Karnauskas, A. C. Maycock, X. Quan, T. Birner, and P. W. Staten, 2019: Recent Tropical Expansion: Natural Variability or Forced Response? J. Climate, 32, 1551–1571, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0444.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., and C. C. Ummenhofer, 2014: On the dynamics of the Hadley circulation and subtropical drying. Clim. Dyn., 42(9–10), 2259–2269, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2129-1.

 

HYDROCLIMATE

Karnauskas, K. B., A. Giannini, R. Seager, and A. J. Busalacchi, 2013: A simple mechanism for the climatological midsummer drought along the Pacific coast of Central America. Atmósfera, 26(2), 261–281, doi: 10.1016/S0187-6236(13)71075-0.

Karnauskas, K. B., and A. J. Busalacchi, 2009: The role of SST in the east Pacific warm pool in the interannual variability of Central American rainfall. J. Climate, 22(10), 2605–2623, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2468.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., A. Ruiz–Barradas, S. Nigam, and A. J. Busalacchi, 2008: North American droughts in ERA–40 global and NCEP North American regional reanalyses: A Palmer Drought Severity Index perspective. J. Climate, 21(10), 2102–2123, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1837.1.

 

SEA LEVEL

Hamlington, B. D., S. H. Cheon, C. G. Piecuch, K. B. Karnauskas, P. R. Thompson, K.–Y. Kim, J. T. Reager, F. W. Landerer, and T. Frederiske, 2019: The dominant global modes of recent internal sea level variability. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 124, 2750–2768, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014635.

Hamlington, B. D., J. T. Reager, M.–H. Lo, K. B. Karnauskas, and R. R. Leben, 2017: Separating decadal global water cycle variability from sea level rise. Scientific Reports, 7, 995, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-00875-5.

 

SALINITY-BASED RAINFALL PREDICTION

Li, L., R. W. Schmitt, C. C. Ummenhofer, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2016: North Atlantic salinity as a predictor of Sahel rainfall. Science Advances, 2(5), e1501588, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501588.

Li, L., R. W. Schmitt, C. C. Ummenhofer, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2016: Implications of North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity for Summer Precipitation over the US Midwest: Mechanisms and Predictive Value. J. Climate, 29(9), 3143–3159, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0520.1.

 

CENTRAL AMERICAN GAP WINDS

Karnauskas, K. B., A. J. Busalacchi, and R. Murtugudde, 2008: Low–frequency variability and remote forcing of gap winds over the east Pacific warm pool. J. Climate, 21(19), 4901–4918, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI1771.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., 2014: Arctic forcing of decadal variability in the tropical Pacific Ocean in a high–resolution global coupled GCM. Clim. Dyn., 42(11–12), 3375–3388, doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1836-3.

 

ANTARCTICA

Trusel, L. D., K. E. Frey, S. B. Das, K. B. Karnauskas, P. K. Munneke, E. van Meijgaard, and M. R. van den Broeke, 2015: Divergent trajectories of Antarctic surface melt under two twenty–first–century climate scenarios. Nature Geoscience, 8, 927–932, doi: 10.1038/ngeo2563.

Criscitiello, A. S., S. B. Das, K. B. Karnauskas, M. J. Evans, K. E. Frey, I. Joughin, E. J. Steig, J. R. McConnell, and B. Medley, 2014: Tropical Pacific influence on source and transport of marine aerosols to West Antarctica. J. Climate, 27(3), 1343–1363, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00148.1.

 


EQUATORIAL OCEAN CIRCULATION

 

GENERAL

Karnauskas, K. B., G. C. Johnson, and R. Murtugudde, 2017: On the climate impacts of atolls in the central equatorial Pacific. Int. J. Climatol., 37(1), 197–203, doi: 10.1002/joc.4697.

Leslie, W. R., K. B. Karnauskas, and J. H. Witting, 2014: The Equatorial Undercurrent and TAO sampling bias from a decade at SEA. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31(9), 2015–2025, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00262.1 (paper), 10.1575/1912/6746 (data), 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00187.1 (corrigendum).

Drenkard, E. J., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2014: Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA ocean reanalysis: Mechanisms, ocean dynamics, and implications. J. Climate, 27(6), 2405–2416, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00359.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., G. C. Johnson, and R. Murtugudde, 2012: An equatorial ocean bottleneck in global climate models. J. Climate, 25(1), 343–349, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00059.1.

 

UNDERWATER GLIDERS

Jakoboski, J., R. E. Todd, W. B. Owens, K. B. Karnauskas, and D. L. Rudnick, 2022: Potential Vorticity and Instability in the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent West of the Galápagos Archipelago. J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-21-0124.1.

Rudnick, D. L., W. B. Owens, T. M. S. Johnston, K. B. Karnauskas, J. Jakoboski, and R. E. Todd, 2021: The equatorial current system west of the Galápagos Islands during the 2014–2016 El Niño as observed by underwater gliders. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 51(1), 3–17, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0064.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., J. Jakoboski, T. M. S. Johnston, W. B. Owens, D. L. Rudnick, and R. E. Todd, 2020: The Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in Three Generations of Global Climate Models and Glider Observations. J. Geophys. Res.–Oceans, 125(11), e2020JC016609, doi: 10.1029/2020JC016609.

Jakoboski, J. K., R. E. Todd, W. B. Owens, K. B. Karnauskas, and D. L. Rudnick, 2020: Bifurcation and Upwelling of the Equatorial Undercurrent West of the Galápagos Archipelago. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 50, 887–905, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-19-0110.1.

 

GALAPAGOS

Karnauskas, K. B. (2022) Whither Warming in the Galápagos? PLOS Climate, accepted.

Karnauskas, K. B., R. Murtugudde, and W. B. Owens, 2014: Climate and the Global Reach of the Galápagos Archipelago: State of the Knowledge, in The Galápagos: A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences (eds K. S. Harpp, E. Mittelstaedt, N. d'Ozouville and D. W. Graham), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, doi: 10.1002/9781118852538.ch11.

Karnauskas, K. B., R. Murtugudde, and A. J. Busalacchi, 2010: Observing the Galápagos–EUC interaction: Insights and challenges. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(12), 2768–2777, doi: 10.1175/2010JPO4461.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., R. Murtugudde, and A. J. Busalacchi, 2008: The effect of the Galápagos Islands on ENSO in forced ocean and hybrid coupled models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38(11), 2519–2534, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO3848.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., R. Murtugudde, and A. J. Busalacchi, 2007: The effect of the Galápagos Islands on the equatorial Pacific cold tongue. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37(5), 1266–1281, doi: 10.1175/JPO3048.1.

 


CLIMATE IMPACTS ON TROPICAL MARINE ECOSYSTEMS

Gadeken, K. R., M. B. Joseph, J. McGlinchy, K. B. Karnauskas, and C. C. Wall, 2021: Predicting subsurface sonar observations with satellite-derived ocean surface data in the California Current Ecosystem. PLoS One, 16(8), e0248297, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0248297.

Karnauskas, K. B., 2020: Physical Diagnosis of the 2016 Great Barrier Reef Bleaching Event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47(11), e2019GL086177, doi: 10.1029/2019GL086177.

Karnauskas, K. B., A. L. Cohen, and J. M. Gove, 2016: Mitigation of Coral Reef Warming Across the Central Pacific by the Equatorial Undercurrent: A Past and Future Divide. Scientific Reports, 6, 21213, doi: 10.1038/srep21213.

Kendall, M. S., M. Poti, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2016: Climate change and larval–transport in the ocean: Fractional effects from physical and physiological factors. Glob. Chang. Biol., 22, 1532–1547, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13159.

Karnauskas, K. B., S. Jenouvrier, C. W. Brown, and R. Murtugudde, 2015: Strong sea surface cooling in the eastern equatorial Pacific and implications for Galápagos Penguin conservation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(15), 6432–6437, doi: 10.1002/2015GL064456.

Gierach, M. M., M. Messié, T. Lee, K. B. Karnauskas, and M.–H. Radenac, 2013: Biophysical Responses near Equatorial Islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña Transitions. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(20), 5473–5479, doi: 10.1002/2013GL057828.

Karnauskas, K. B., and A. L. Cohen, 2012: Equatorial refuge amid tropical warming. Nature Climate Change, 2(7), 530–534, doi: 10.1038/nclimate1499.

Cantin, N. E., A. L. Cohen, K. B. Karnauskas, A. M. Tarrant, and D. C. McCorkle, 2010: Ocean warming slows coral growth in the central Red Sea. Science, 329(5989), 322–325, doi: 10.1126/science.1190182.

 


PALEOCLIMATE

Amaya, D. J., A. M. Seltzer, K. B. Karnauskas, J. M. Lora, X. Zhang, and P. N. DiNezio, 2022: Air-sea coupling shapes North American hydroclimate response to ice sheets. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 578, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2021.117271.

Goodkin, N. F., D. Samanta, A. Bolton, M. R. M. Ong, P. K. Hoang, S. T. Vo, K. B. Karnauskas, and K. A. Hughen, 2021: Natural and Anthropogenic Forcing of Multi-decadal to Centennial Scale Variability of Sea Surface Temperature in the South China Sea. Paleoceanogr. Paleoclimatol., 36(10), e2021PA004233, doi: 10.1029/2021PA004233.

Goodkin, N. F., A. Bolton, K. A. Hughen, K. B. Karnauskas, S. Griffin, K. H. Phan, S. T. Vo, M. R. Ong, and E. R. M. Druffel, 2019: East Asian Monsoon Variability since the 16th Century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 4790–4798, doi: 10.1029/2019GL081939.

Bryan, S. P., K. A. Hughen, K. B. Karnauskas, and J. T. Farrar, 2019: Two Hundred Fifty Years of Reconstructed South Asian Summer Monsoon Intensity and Decadal–Scale Variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 3927–3935, doi: 10.1029/2018GL081593.

Karnauskas, K. B., E. Mittelstaedt, and R. Murtugudde, 2017: Paleoceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific over the past 4 million years and the geologic origins of modern Galápagos upwelling. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 460, 22–28, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.12.005.

Coats, S., J. E. Smerdon, Karnauskas, K. B., and R. Seager, 2016: The improbable but unexceptional occurrence of megadrought clustering in the American West during the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Environ. Res. Lett., 11, 074025, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074025.

Karnauskas, K. B., A. L. Cohen, and E. J. Drenkard, 2015: Comment on “Equatorial Pacific coral geochemical records show recent weakening of the Walker Circulation” by J. Carilli et al. Paleoceanography, 30(5), 570–574, doi: 10.1002/2014PA002753.

Newby, P. E., B. N. Shuman, J. P. Donnelly, K. B. Karnauskas, and J. Marsicek, 2014: Centennial–to–Millennial Hydrologic Trends and Variability along the North Atlantic Coast, U.S.A., during the Holocene. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(12), 4300–4307, doi: 10.1002/2014GL060183.

 


TROPICAL CYCLONES

Karnauskas, K. B., L. Zhang, and K. Emanuel, 2021: The feedback of cold wakes on tropical cyclones. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48(7), e2020GL091676, doi: 10.1029/2020GL091676.

Bramante, J., M. Ford, P. Kench, A. Ashton, M. Toomey, R. Sullivan, K. B. Karnauskas, C. C. Ummenhofer, and J. P. Donnelly, 2020: Increased typhoon activity in the Pacific deep tropics driven by Little Ice Age circulation changes. Nature Geoscience, 13, 806–811, doi: 10.1038/s41561-020-00656-2.

Zhang, L., T. Rechtman, K. B. Karnauskas, L. Li, J. P. Donnelly, and J. P. Kossin, 2017: Longwave Emission Trends over Africa and Implications for Atlantic Hurricanes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 9075–9083, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073869.

Zhang, L., K. B.  Karnauskas, J. P. Donnelly, and K. Emanuel, 2017: Response of the North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Climatology to Global Warming: Application of Dynamical Downscaling to CMIP5 Models. J. Climate, 30(4), 1233–1243, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0496.1.

Karnauskas, K. B., and L. Li, 2016: Predicting Atlantic seasonal hurricane activity using outgoing longwave radiation over Africa. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(13), 7152–7159, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069792.

Karnauskas, K. B., 2006: The African meridional OLR contrast as a diagnostic for Atlantic tropical cyclone activity and implications for predictability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(6), L06809, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024865.

 


CLIMATE AND HEALTH

Harp, R. D., J. M. Colborn, B. Candrinho, K. L. Colborn, L. Zhang, and K. B. Karnauskas, 2021: Interannual Climate Variability and Malaria in Mozambique. GeoHealth, 5(2), e2020GH000322, doi: 10.1029/2020GH000322.

Karnauskas, K. B., S. L. Miller, and A. C. Schapiro, 2020: Fossil fuel combustion is driving indoor CO2 toward levels harmful to human cognition. GeoHealth, 4(5), e2019GH000237, doi: 10.1029/2019GH000237.

Harp, R. D., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2020: Global Warming to Increase Violent Crime in the United States. Environ. Res. Lett., 15(3), 034039, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab6b37.

Harp, R. D., and K. B. Karnauskas, 2018: The Influence of Interannual Climate Variability on Regional Violent Crime Rates in the United States. GeoHealth, 2, 356–369, doi: 10.1029/2018GH000152.

 


OTHER CLIMATE IMPACTS

 

FRESHWATER STRESS ON ISLAND NATIONS

Karnauskas, K. B., C.–F. Schleussner, J. P. Donnelly, and K. J. Anchukaitis, 2018: Freshwater Stress on Small Island Developing States: Population Projections and Aridity Changes at 1.5°C and 2°C. Reg. Environ. Change, 18, 2273–2282, doi: 10.1007/s10113-018-1331-9.

Karnauskas, K. B., J. P. Donnelly, and K. J. Anchukaitis, 2016: Future Freshwater Stress for Island Populations. Nature Climate Change, 6, 720–725, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2987.

 

ET CETERA

Karnauskas, K. B., J. K. Lundquist, and L. Zhang, 2018: Southward shift of the global wind energy resource under high carbon dioxide emissions. Nature Geoscience, 11, 38–43, doi: 10.1038/s41561-017-0029-9.

Karnauskas, K. B., J. P. Donnelly, H. C. Barkley, and J. E. Martin, 2015: Coupling between Air Travel and Climate. Nature Climate Change, 5, 1068–1073, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2715.