Power-to-X: Using renewable energy to synthesize valuable chemicals
Sector coupling can play a key role in the energy transition towards an energy system fueled by renewable energy sources. Surplus electricity can be stored in the form of chemicals through the electrochemical reduction of CO2. Likewise, this opens the possibility to decarbonize industrial heating, chemicals, and hard to decarbonize sectors such as transportation. However, there is a lack of understanding of the design and economics of Power-to-X conversion pathways. We work on providing a Power-to-X roadmap for the decarbonization of chemicals and energy systems. With this aim, we pair the analysis of renewable power systems with the results from detailed modeling, techno-economic analysis and environmental assessment of the electrosynthesis of chemicals.