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Refuse

Refuse to buy or consume products without considering the impact of your purchase. Is that container recyclable, compostable, or reusable? Or, in the case of many single-use plastics, will it take 1,000 years to decompose?

If you don’t need a straw, politely tell your server. Or, if you don’t need a plastic bag, politely tell your cashier clerk.

Will that shirt last you a long time, or will it end up in a landfill in a year or two? Consider if what you are buying brings you genuine joy, if you truly need it, or if you can source it from a secondhand store or an eco-friendly company.

Reduce

Reduce your consumption of non recyclable and non compostable items.

Rather than buying plastic water bottles or single-use coffee cups, choose a reusable option that you can use again and again. Buying in bulk is an effective way to reduce packaging waste. It often saves money, too

If you do purchase the newest gadgets, consider handing your older model down to someone else or donating it to companies like Gazelle.

Reuse

Reuse items until they can no longer be used, or for as long as possible. 

Consider wrapping gifts in newspaper or already used paper instead of purchasing new wrapping paper. 

If one of your belongings breaks, think of how to repair it rather than throwing it away.

Mend torn clothing, 

If an item cannot be reused, consider how it may be repurposed or upcycled.

Use old T-shirts to make masks.