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Core Curriculum

The mainstay of the general education requirements is the College of Arts and Sciences core curriculum. The core curriculum requirements are divided into two parts: skills acquisition and content areas of study. The following sections provide descriptions of the individual requirement areas, their underlying educational philosophies and goals, and the list of approved courses. The most up-to-date list of approved core courses can be found on the college's website.


Selected majors and the ecology and evolutionary biology minor are exempt from portions of the core curriculum, as core course work is considered equivalent to course work in the major. Students who graduate with more than one exempt major may apply their exemptions cumulatively.


These requirements are designed to assure that each student has attained a minimum level of competency in each of the areas listed: foreign language, quantitative reasoning and mathematical skills, and written communication.

Although a single course may appear in several areas, students may use it to meet only one core requirement.

Foreign Language

All students are required to demonstrate, while in high school, third-level proficiency in a single modern or classical foreign language. Students who have not met this requirement at the time of matriculation will have a MAPS deficiency. They may make up the deficiency only by passing an appropriate third-semester college course or by passing a CU-Boulder-approved proficiency examination. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

Students who are under the core curriculum, but not subject to MAPS, must complete the foreign language requirement to meet degree requirements.

Questions about placement should be referred to the appropriate foreign language department.

The goal of the language requirement is to encourage students to confront the structure, formal and semantic, of another language, significant and difficult works in that language, and one or more aspects of the culture lived in that language. This enables students to understand their own language and culture better, analyze texts more clearly and effectively, and appreciate more vividly the dangers and limitations of using a translated document. The language requirement is a general education requirement and so concentrates on reading. In some languages other abilities may be emphasized as well. Understanding what it means to read a significant text in its original language is essential for general education according to the standards of this university.

Courses offered at CU-Boulder that satisfy this requirement include the following:

ARAB 2110-5 Second Year Intermediate Arabic 1
◆CHIN 2110-5 Intermediate Chinese 1
◆FREN 2110-3 Second-Year French Grammar Review and Reading 1
FRSI 2110-4 Intermediate Farsi 1 (formerly FRSI 2010)
GREK 3113-3 Intermediate Classical Greek 1 (formerly CLAS 3113)
GRMN 2010-4 Intermediate German 1
GRMN 2030-5 Intensive Intermediate German
HEBR 2110-(3-4) Intermediate Hebrew 1
HIND 2110-5 Intermediate Hindi 1 (formerly HIND 2010)
INDO 2010-4 Intermediate Indonesian 1
ITAL 2110-3 Intermediate Italian Reading, Grammar, and Composition 1
◆JPNS 2110-5 Intermediate Japanese 1
KREN 2110-5 Second-Year Intermediate Korean 1
LATN 2114-4 Intermediate Latin 1 (formerly CLAS 2114)
NORW 2110-4 Second-Year Norwegian Reading and Conversation 1
PORT 2110-3 Second-Year Portuguese 1
RUSS 2010-4 Second-Year Russian 1
◆SLHS 2325-4 American Sign Language 3
◆SPAN 2110-3 Second-Year Spanish 1
SPAN 2150-5 Intensive Second-Year Spanish
SWED 2010-4 Intermediate Swedish 1 – DILS

Quantitative Reasoning and Mathematical Skills (QRMS)

(3-6 semester hours)
Liberally educated people should be able to think at a certain level of abstraction and to manipulate symbols. This requirement has two principal objectives. The first is to provide students with the analytical tools used in core curriculum courses and in their major areas of study. The second is to help students acquire the reasoning skills necessary to assess adequately the data which will confront them in their daily lives. Students completing this requirement should be able to: construct a logical argument based on the rules of inference; analyze, present, and interpret numerical data; estimate orders of magnitude as well as obtain exact results when appropriate; and apply mathematical methods to solve problems in their university work and in their daily lives.

Students can fulfill the requirement by passing one of the courses or sequences of courses listed below or by passing the CU-Boulder QRMS proficiency exam. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

ECEN 1500-3 Sustainable Energy
◆ECON 1078-3 Mathematical Tools for Economists 1
◆MATH 1012-3 Quantitative Reasoning and Mathematical Skills
MATH 1110-3 and 1120-3 Mathematics for Elementary Educators 1 and 2
MATH 1130-3 Mathematics from the Visual Arts
◆MATH 1150-4 Precalculus Mathematics
MATH 1310-5 Calculus, Systems, and Modeling
MATH 2380-3 Mathematics for the Environment
PHYS 1010-3 Physics of Everyday Life 1
PHYS 1020-4 Physics of Everyday Life 2
PHYS 1220-3 Physics for Future Presidents
◆PSCI 2075-3 Quantitative Research Methods
PSCI 3105-3 Designing Social Inquiry
Any 3-credit math module: ◆MATH 1011-3, ◆MATH 1071-3, or ◆MATH 1081-3.
Any 3 credits of mathematics courses numbered ◆MATH 1300 and above or applied mathematics courses numbered ◆APPM 1350 and above.

Written Communication

(3 lower-division and 3 upper-division semester hours)
Writing is a skill fundamental to all intellectual endeavors. While some college courses require more writing than others, good writing is recognized as a necessary means of communication in every scholarly discipline. The core curriculum promotes the principle that ideas do not exist apart from language, and thus content cannot be isolated from style. For ideas to flourish, they must be expressed clearly and gracefully, so that readers take pleasure while taking instruction. Students may meet the lower-division component of this requirement by first passing one of the approved lower-division courses or by receiving a score of 4 or 5 on the English Language and Composition Advanced Placement Exam. Students may then complete the upper-division component of this requirement by passing one of the approved upper-division courses or by passing the written communication proficiency exam. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

Lower-Division Courses
ARSC 1080-4 College Writing and Research
ARSC 1150-3 Writing in Arts and Sciences
CLAS 1020-3 Argument from Evidence: Critical Writing about the Ancient World
EBIO 1950-3 College Writing for the Sciences
ENGL 1001-3 Freshman Writing Seminar
IPHY 1950-3 Introduction to Scientific Writing in Integrative Physiology
PHIL 1500-3 Reading, Writing, and Reasoning
WRTG 1100-4 Extended First-Year Writing and Rhetoric
◆WRTG 1150-3 First-Year Writing and Rhetoric
WRTG 1250-3 Advanced First-Year Writing and Rhetoric

Upper-Division Courses
ARSC 3100-3 Multicultural Perspectives and Academic Discourse
CHIN/JPNS 3200-3 Advanced Writing on Topics in Chinese and Japanese Literature and Civilization
EBIO 3940-3 Written Communication in the Sciences
◆ENVS 3020-3 Advanced Writing in Environmental Studies
GEOL 3090-3 Developing Scientific Writing Skills
HIST 3020-3 Historical Thinking and Writing
HONR 3220-3 Advanced Honors Writing Workshop
ITAL 3025-3 Advanced Composition 2: Introduction to Literary Writing
◆IPHY 3700-3 Scientific Writing in Integrative Physiology
PHIL 3480-3 Critical Thinking and Writing in Philosophy
PHYS 3050-3 Writing in Physics: Problem Solving and Rhetoric
RLST 3020-3 Advanced Writing in Religious Studies
SOCY 4010-3 Sociology Capstone Course: Professional Writing (previously SOCY 3010)
SPAN 3010-3 Advanced Rhetoric and Composition
WMST 3800-3 Advanced Writing in Feminist Studies
WRTG 3007-3 Writing in the Visual Arts
◆WRTG/NRLN 3020-3 Topics in Writing
◆WRTG 3030-3 Writing on Science and Society
WRTG 3035-3 Technical Communication and Design
◆WRTG 3040-3 Writing on Business and Society

Historical Context

(3 semester hours)
Courses that fulfill this requirement enable students to study historical problems or issues and to develop an understanding of earlier ideas, institutions, and cultures. Courses explore the times and circumstances in which social, intellectual, artistic or other developments occurred. The purpose of this exploration is to analyze subjects in their context, that is, to investigate both the processes and the meanings of change. Among the educational aims of these courses are the following: to contribute to historical perspectives that may help to clarify issues that arise today or will arise tomorrow, to arouse the curiosity of students concerning historical conditions that may be relevant to subjects studied in other courses, and to expand the imagination by generating an awareness of the diverse ways in which our common humanity has expressed itself.

Students may choose to meet this 3-hour requirement by passing any course listed below. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

ANTH 1180-3 Maritime People: Fishers and Seafarers
◆ANTH 1190-3 Origins of Ancient Civilizations
◆ANTH 2200-3 Introduction to Archaeology
ANTH/CLAS 2009-3 Modern Issues, Ancient Times
ARAB 3230-3 Islamic Culture and Iberian Peninsula
ARTH/CLAS 1509-4 Trash and Treasure, Temples and Tombs: Art and Archaeology of the Ancient World
ARTH/CLAS 2019-3 Pompeii and the Cities of Vesuvius
CEES/HIST 2002-3 Introduction to Central and East European Studies
CLAS 1030/◆PHIL 1010-3 Introduction to Western Philosophy: Ancient
CLAS/HIST 1051-3 The World of Ancient Greeks
CLAS/HIST 1061-3 The Rise and Fall of Ancient Rome
CLAS 1140-3 Bread and Circuses: Society and Culture in the Roman World
ECON 4514-3 Economic History of Europe
ENGL 3164-3 History and Literature of Georgian Britain
◆ENGL 4113-3 History and Culture of Medieval England
◆GRMN 2301-3 Inside Nazi Germany: Politics, Culture, and Everyday Life in the Third Reich
◆HIST 1010-3 Western Civilization 1: Antiquity to the 16th Century
◆HIST 1018-3 Introduction to Early Latin American History to 1810
◆HIST 1020-3 Western Civilization 2: 16th Century to the Present
HIST 1028-3 Introduction to Modern Latin American History since 1800 (formerly HIST 1038)
HIST 1113-3 Introduction to British History to 1660 (formerly HIST 2103)
HIST 1123-3 Introduction to British History since 1660 (formerly HIST 2123)
HIST 1218-3 Introduction to Sub-Saharan African History to 1800 (formerly HIST 1208)
HIST 1228-3 Introduction to Sub-Saharan African History since 1800
HIST 1308-3 Introduction to Middle Eastern History
HIST 1438-3 Introduction to Korean History
HIST 1518-3 Introduction to South Asian History to 1757
HIST 1528-3 Introduction to South Asian History since 1757 (formerly HIST 1408)
HIST 1618-3 Introduction to Chinese History to 1644 (formerly HIST 1608)
◆HIST 1628-3 Introduction to Chinese History since 1644
HIST 1708-3 Introduction to Japanese History
HIST/JWST 1818-3 Introduction to Jewish History, Bible to 1492
HIST/JWST 1828-3 Introduction to Jewish History since 1492 (formerly HIST/JWST/GSLL 1108)
HIST 2100-3 Revolution in History
HIST 2110-3 History of Early Modern Societies (formerly HIST 2112)
◆HIST 2170-3 History of Christianity 1: To the Reformation
HIST 2220-3 History of War and Society (formerly HIST 2222)
HIST 2629-3 China in World History
HIST 4190/IAFS 3500-3 French Connections: Contemporary France and America in Historical Context
HONR 2251-3 Introduction to the Bible
IAFS/JWST 3650-3 History of Arab-Israeli Conflict
JWST/RLST 3100-3 Judaism
LIBB 1700-3 The History of Communication from Caves to Cyberspace
◆PHIL 1020-3 Introduction to Western Philosophy: Modern
◆PHIL 3000-3 History of Ancient Philosophy
PHIL 3010-3 History of Modern Philosophy
◆PHIL 3410-3 History of Science: Ancients to Newton
PHIL 3430-3 History of Science: Newton to Einstein
◆RLST 3000-3 The Christian Tradition
RUSS 2211-3 Introduction to Russian Culture
◆RUSS 2221-3 Introduction to Modern Russian Culture
◆RUSS 2222-3 Sports and the Cold War
RUSS 2471-3 Women in Russian Culture: From Folklore to the 19th Century
RUSS 3601-3 Russian Culture Past and Present
RUSS 4301-3 American-Russian Cultural Relations
SCAN 2202-3 The Vikings

Human Diversity

(3 semester hours)
Courses fulfilling this requirement increase the student’s understanding of the world’s diversity and pluralism through the study of one of two broad and interrelated areas: (1) the nature and meaning of diversity and the experience of marginalized groups; and (2) cultures other than those of Europe and the United States. This requirement explicitly identifies an awareness and understanding of pluralism as essential to a liberal education.

(1) Gender, Ethnic, and Social Diversity. Courses in this area are designed to expand the range of each student’s understanding of the experience of individuals and groups who, because of such fundamental components of identity as race, ethnicity, gender, or other characteristics, have been historically marginalized by society and placed outside the mainstream. Generally courses will explore the ways in which marginalization has occurred and the reasons for this marginalization. The intent is to expand understanding of these social groups with the goal of identifying the way social categories shape human thought and experience.

(2) Non-Western Cultures. These courses are designed to expand the range of the student’s understanding of cultures that are not derived principally from the western experience. A comparative perspective introduces students to the commonality and diversity of cultural responses to universal human problems. Each course seeks to cultivate insight and respect for diversity by requiring students to explore a cultural world quite different from their own. Courses satisfying this requirement are intended to portray culture in the most integrated sense, including aspects of material adaptation, social pattern, ideas and values, and aesthetic achievement.

Students are required to pass 3 hours of course work from any course listed below. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher. Students who graduate with a major in ethnic studies are exempt from completing the human diversity requirement.

ANTH 1100-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: The Tamils
ANTH 1105-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: Tibet
ANTH 1115-3 The Caribbean in Post-Colonial Perspective
ANTH 1120/ETHN 1123-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: Hopi and Navajo (formerly AIST 1125/ANTH 1120)
◆ANTH 1135-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: TBA
ANTH 1140-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: The Maya
◆ANTH 1145-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: The Aztecs
ANTH 1150-3 Exploring a Non-Western Culture: Regional Cultures of Africa
ANTH 1160-3 The Ancient Egyptian Civilization
◆ANTH 1170-3 Exploring Culture and Gender through Film
ARAB 1011-3 Introduction to Arab and Islamic Civilizations
ARSC 3001-3 Social Engagement and Human Rights: The South Africa Model
ARTH 3209-3 Art, Culture, and Gender Diversity, 1400-1600: Renaissance Art Out of the Canon
ARTH/CLAS 4269-3 Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East
◆ARTH/WMST 4769-3 Gender Studies in Early Modern Visual Culture
ASTR 2000-3 Ancient Astronomies of the World
CHIN 1012-4 Introduction to Chinese Civilization
CLAS/WMST 2100-3 Women in Ancient Greece
CLAS/WMST 2110-3 Women in Ancient Rome
◆COMM 2400-3 Discourse, Culture, and Identities
COMM 3410-3 Intercultural Communication
ECON 4626-3 Economics of Inequality and Discrimination
◆EDUC 3013-(3-4) School and Society
ENGL/WMST 1260-3 Introduction to Women’s Literature
ENGL 1800-3 American Ethnic Literatures
ENGL/JWST 3677-3 Jewish-American Literature
◆ETHN 1022-3 Introduction to Africana Studies (formerly ETHN 2002)
◆ETHN 1023-3 Introduction to American Indian Studies (formerly ETHN 2003)
ETHN 1025-3 Introduction to Asian American Studies (formerly AAST 1015)
ETHN 2013-3 Critical Issues in Native North America (formerly AIST 2015)
ETHN 2215-3 The Japanese American Experience (formerly AAST 2210)
ETHN 2232-3 Contemporary African American Social Movements (formerly BLST 2200)
ETHN 2242-3 African American Social and Political Thought (formerly BLST 2210)
ETHN 2432/HIST 2437-3 African American History (formerly BLST/HIST 2437)
ETHN 2536-3 Survey of Chicana and Chicano History and Culture (formerly CHST/HIST 2537)
ETHN 2546-3 Chicana and Chicano Fine Arts and Humanities (formerly ETHN 1036)
ETHN 3136 /WMST 3135-3 Chicana Feminisms and Knowledges (formerly CHST/WMST 3135)
◆ETHN 3201/INVS/◆LDSP 3100 (3-4) Multicultural Leadership: Theories, Principles, and Practices (formerly ETHN 3200/INVST 3100)
ETHN 3213/WMST 3210-3 American Indian Women (formerly AIST/WMST 3210)
ETHN 3671-3 People of Color and Social Movements (formerly ETHN 3675)
FILM 3013-3 Women and Film
FREN/ITAL 1400-3 Medieval/Renaissance Women Writers in Italy and France
FREN 1750-3 French Colonialism: North Africa and the Middle East
FREN 1950-3 French Feminisms
FREN 3800-3 France and the Muslim World
GEOG/WMST 3672-3 Gender and Global Economy
GEOG 3822-3 Geography of China
GRMN/JWST 3501-3 Jewish-German Writers: Enlightenment to Present Day
GRMN/WMST 3601-3 German Women Writers
GRMN/WMST 4301-3 Gender, Race, and Immigration in Germany and Europe
GSLL/JWST 2350-3 Introduction to Jewish Culture (formerly HEBR/JWST 2350)
HEBR/JWST 3202-3 Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Jewish Texts and Traditions
HIND 1011-3 Introduction to South Asian Civilizations
HIND 3811-3 The Power of the Word: Subversive and Censored 20th Century Indo-Pakistani Literature (formerly HNDI 3811)
HIST 2616-3 U.S. Women’s History
HONR 1810-3 Honors Diversity Seminar
HONR/WMST 3004-3 Women in Education
HONR 3270-3 Journey Motifs in Women’s Literature
HONR 4025-3 Heroines and Heroic Tradition
HUMN 2145-3 African America in the Arts
HUMN/ITAL 4150-3 ”The Decameron” and the Age of Realism
HUMN/ITAL 4730-3 Italian Feminisms: Culture, Theory, and Narratives of Difference
IAFS/GSLL/JWST 3600-3 Global Secular Jewish Societies
INVS/EDUC 2919-3 Renewing Democracy in Communities and Schools
ITAL 4300-3 Multiculturalism in Italy
JPNS 1012-4 Introduction to Japanese Civilization
KREN 1011-3 Introduction to Korean Civilization
LGBT 2000/WMST 2030-3 Introduction to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies
LIBB 1600-3 Gender and Film
◆LING 1020-3 Languages of the World
LING 2400-3 Language and Gender
LING 3220-3 American Indian Languages in Social-Cultural Context
MUEL 2772-3 World Musics
PHIL 2270-3 Philosophy and Race
PHIL/WMST 2290-3 Philosophy and Women
PSCI 3101-3 Black Politics
PSCI 3301/WMST 3300-3 Gender, Sexuality, and U.S. Law
PSCI 4131-3 Latinos and the U.S. Political System
PSYC/WMST 2700-3 Psychology of Contemporary American Women
◆RLST 2700-3 American Indian Religious Traditions
RLST/WMST 2800-3 Women and Religion
RUSS/WMST 4471-3 Women in 20th – 21st Century Russian Culture
SCAN 3206-3 Nordic Colonialisms
SCAN/WMST 3208-3 Women in Nordic Society: Modern States of Welfare
◆SOCY/◆WMST 1016-3 Sex, Gender, and Society 1
SOCY/WMST 3012-3 Women and Development
SPAN 3270-3 Barcelona: Understanding Local and Immigrant Cultures
WMST 2000-3 Introduction to Feminist Studies
WMST 2020-3 Femininities, Masculinities, Alternatives
WMST 2050-3 Gender, Sexuality, and Popular Culture
WMST 2200-3 Women, Literature, and the Arts
WMST 3670-3 Immigrant Women in the Global Economy

United States Context

(3 semester hours)
Courses fulfilling the United States Context requirement explore important aspects of culture and society in the United States. They stimulate critical thinking and an awareness of the place of the United States in the world by promoting an understanding of the world views that the environment, culture, history, and values of the United States have fostered. They are required to include some discussion of the realities and issues related to matters of ethnic and racial diversity that characterize the nation’s ongoing experience. These courses familiarize students with the United States and enable them to evaluate it critically.

These courses teach an appreciation of United States culture while inviting students to ask probing questions about values and ideals that are understood to be an integral part of the United States. Some of the questions that might be addressed in these courses are: How have citizens and other residents of the United States derived a sense of identity from geography, language, politics, and the arts? How do people in the United States view and influence the world beyond the nation’s borders? How have the rights and responsibilities of citizenship changed over time? How have U.S. citizens and residents in the United States dealt with opposing values? Completing this requirement, students will develop both a better understanding of the United States, present and past, and a considerable interest in the nation’s future.

This 3-hour requirement may be fulfilled by passing any course listed below. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

ANTH 3170-3 America: An Anthropological Perspective
ARTH 3509-3 American Art
BAKR 1500-3 Colorado: History, Ecology, and Environment
CAMW 2001-3 The American West
ECON 4524-3 Economic History of the U.S.
ECON 4697-3 Industrial Organization and Regulation
EDUC 2125-3 History of American Public Education
ENGL 2115-3 American Frontiers
ETHN 2004-3 Themes in American Culture 1 (formerly AMST 2000)
ETHN 2013-3 Critical Issues in Native North America (formerly AIST 2015)
ETHN 2014-3 Themes in American Culture 2 (formerly AMST 2010)
ETHN 2432/HIST 2437-3 African American History (formerly BLST/HIST 2437)
ETHN 2536 Survey of Chicana and Chicano History and Culture (formerly CHST/HIST 2537)
◆ETHN 3015-3 Asian Pacific American Communities (formerly AAST 3013)
ETHN 4504-3 Ethnic-American Autobiography (formerly AMST 4500)
◆HIST 1015-3 History of the United States to 1865
◆HIST 1025-3 History of the United States since 1865
HIST 2015-3 The History of Early America
HIST 2126-3 Modern U.S. Politics and Diplomacy
HIST 2166-3 The Vietnam Wars
◆HIST 2516-3 America through Baseball
HIST 2636/WMST 2400-3 Women of Color and Activism
HUMN 2145-3 African America in the Arts
INVS 1523-3 Civic Engagement: Democracy as a Tool for Social Change
◆ITAL 4350-3 Wops and Dons to Movers and Shakers: The Italian-American Experience
LIBB 2800-3 Horror Films and American Culture
◆LING 1000-3 Language in U.S. Society
◆MUEL 2752-3 Music in American Culture
◆PHIL 1200-3 Philosophy and Society
◆PHIL 2220-3 Philosophy and Law
◆PSCI 1101-3 Introduction to American Politics
PSCI 3011-3 The American Presidency
◆PSCI 3021-3 U.S. Campaigns and Elections
PSCI 3054-3 American Political Thought
◆PSCI 3061-3 State Government and Politics
◆PSCI 3071-3 Urban Politics
◆PSCI 3163-3 American Foreign Policy
PSCI 3171-3 Government and Capitalism in the U.S.
RLST 2500-3 Religion in the United States
RLST 3050-3 Religion and Literature in America
RUSS 4301-3 American-Russian Cultural Relations
◆SOCY 1021-3 U.S. Race and Ethnic Relations
SOCY/WMST 3016-3 Marriage and the Family in U.S. Society
◆SOCY 3151-3 Self in Modern Society
WMST 3900-3 Asian American Women

Literature and the Arts

(6 semester hours, 3 of which must be upper division)
These courses promote a better understanding of fundamental aesthetic and cultural issues. They sharpen critical and analytical abilities so that students may develop a deeper appreciation of works of art. The goal of this requirement is to enhance the student’s ability to read critically, to understand the elements of art, and to grasp something of the complex relations between artist and public, and between artwork and cultural matrix. The emphasis in courses which fulfill this requirement is on works that are generally recognized as central to and significant for one’s cultural literacy and thereby enhance the student’s understanding of our literary and artistic heritage.

Courses stress literary works as well as the history and criticism of literature and the arts. They may utilize creative projects as a means of arriving at a better understanding of the art form, but students may not use studio or performance classes to satisfy this requirement.

Students are required to pass 6 hours of course work in literature and the arts, of which at least 3 hours must be upper division. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

If students graduate with a major dealing in depth with literature and the arts (Chinese, classics, dance, English, fine arts, French, Germanic studies, humanities, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, or theatre), they are exempt from this requirement.

Courses offered at CU-Boulder that satisfy this requirement include the following:

Lower-Division Courses
ARTH 1300-3 History of World Art 1
ARTH 1400-3 History of World Art 2
ARTH/CLAS 1509-4 Trash and Treasure, Temples and Tombs: Art and Archaeology of the Ancient World
ARTH 1709-3 Freshman Seminar: Critical Introduction to Art History
ARTH 2409-3 Introduction to Asian Arts
CHIN 1051-3 Masterpieces of Chinese Literature in Translation
CHIN 2441-3 Film and the Dynamics of Chinese Culture
CLAS 1100-3 Greek Mythology
◆CLAS 1110-3 The Literature of Ancient Greece: Texts and Contexts
CLAS 1115-3 Honors – Masterpieces of Greek Literature in Translation
◆CLAS 1120-3 The Literature of Ancient Rome: Texts and Contexts
COMR 1800-3 Visual Literacy: Images and Ideologies
DNCE 1017-3 Dance and Popular Culture
DNCE 1027-3 Introduction to Dance and Culture (formerly DNCE 1029)
ENGL 1420-3 Poetry
ENGL 1500-3 Masterpieces of British Literature
◆ENGL 1600-3 Masterpieces of American Literature
FARR 2002-3 Literature of Lifewriting
◆FREN 1200-3 Medieval Epic and Romance
◆FREN 1610-3 How to be French 1: “The Ancien Regime”
FREN 1620-3 How to be French 2: “Modernity”
FREN 1880-3 The Zombie and the Ghost of Slavery
FREN 1900-3 Modern Paris in Literature, Photographs, Paintings, and Movies
GRMN 1602-3 Metropolis and Modernity
GRMN 2501-3 20th-Century German Short Story
GRMN 2503-3 Fairy Tales of Germany
GRMN/HUMN 2601-3 Kafka and the Kafkaesque
HEBR/JWST 2551-3 Jewish Literature: Jews Coming of Age
HONR 2860-3 The Figure of Socrates
HUMN 1110-3 Introduction to Humanities: Literature 1
HUMN 1120-3 Introduction to Humanities: Literature 2
HUMN 1210-3 Introduction to Humanities: Art and Music 1
HUMN 1220-3 Introduction to Humanities: Art and Music 2
HUMN 2100-3 Arts, Culture, and Media
ITAL 1600-3 Strategies of Fear: Introduction to Italian Fantastic Literature
JPNS 1051-3 Masterpieces of Japanese Literature in Translation
◆MUEL 1832-3 Appreciation of Music
◆MUEL 2852-3 Music in the Rock Era
MUEL 2862-3 American Film Musical, 1926-1954
◆RUSS 2231-3 Fairy Tales of Russia
RUSS 2241-3 The Vampire in Literature and the Visual Arts
SCAN 1202-3 Tolkien’s Nordic Sources and The Lord of the Rings
SPAN 1000-3 Cultural Difference through Hispanic Literature
◆THTR 1009-3 Introduction to Theatre
THTR 1011-3 Development of Theatre 1: Global Theatre Origins
WMST 2200-3 Women, Literature, and the Arts

Upper-Division Courses
ARTH/CLAS 3039-3 Greek Art and Archaeology
ARTH/CLAS 3049-3 Roman Art and Architecture
ARTH 4329-3 Modern Art 1
ARTH 4759-3 17th Century Art and the Concept of the Baroque
CHIN/HUMN 3341-3 Literature and Popular Culture in Modern China
CHIN 3351-3 Reality and Dream in Traditional Chinese Literature
CLAS/HUMN 4110-3 Greek and Roman Epic
CLAS/HUMN 4120-3 Greek and Roman Tragedy
◆CLAS/◆HUMN 4130-3 Greek and Roman Comedy
DNCE 4017-3 History and Philosophy of Dance
◆DNCE 4037-3 Looking at Dance (formerly DNCE 3027)
◆ENGL 3000-3 Shakespeare for Nonmajors
◆ENGL 3060-3 Modern and Contemporary Literature for Nonmajors
FILM/RUSS 3211-3 History of Russian Cinema
FILM 3402-3 European Film and Culture
◆FILM/◆HUMN 3660-3 The Postmodern
FILM/HUMN 4135-3 Art and Psychoanalysis
FREN 3200-3 Introduction to Literary Theory and Advanced Critical Analysis
FREN 4300-3 Theatre and Modernity in 17th Century France
GRMN 3502-3 Literature in the Age of Goethe
GRMN/HUMN 3702-3 Dada and Surrealist Literature
GRMN/HUMN 3802-3 Politics and Culture in Berlin 1900-1933
GRMN/HUMN 4504-3 Goethe’s Faust
HEBR/JWST 4203-3 Israeli Literature: Exile, Nation, Home
HEBR/JWST 4301-3 Venice: The Cradle of European Jewish Culture
HIND 3851-3 Devotional Literature in South Asia
HUMN/ITAL 4140-3 The Age of Dante: Readings from The Divine Comedy
HUMN/ITAL 4150-3 ”The Decameron” and the Age of Realism
HUMN/RUSS 4811-3 19th Century Russian Literature in Translation
HUMN/RUSS 4821-3 20th Century Russian Literature and Art
ITAL 4145-3 The Age of Dante in Italian
ITAL 4147-3 Visualizing Dante’s Inferno: A Global Seminar in Florence Italy
◆ITAL 4600-3 Once Upon a Time in Italy
JWST/RUSS 4401-3 The Russian Jewish Experience
◆MUEL 3822-3 Words and Music
◆MUEL 3832-3 Music in Literature
RUSS 3241-3 Red Star Trek: Russian Science Fiction Between Utopia and Dystopia
◆RUSS 4831-3 Contemporary Russian Literature
SCAN 3202-3 Old Norse Mythology
SCAN 3203-3 19th and 20th Century Nordic Literature
◆SCAN 3204-3 Medieval Icelandic Sagas
SCAN 3205-3 Scandinavian Folk Narrative
SCAN 3506-3 Scandinavian Drama
SPAN 3260-3 Late 19th and 20th Century Argentine Narrative
SPAN 3800-3 Latin American Literature in Translation
◆THTR 3011-3 Development of the American Musical Theatre

Natural Science

(13 semester hours, including a two-course sequence and a laboratory or field experience)
These courses study the nature of matter, life, and the universe. They enhance literacy and knowledge of one or more scientific disciplines, and enhance those reasoning and observing skills that are necessary to evaluate issues with scientific content. Courses are designed to demonstrate that science is not a static list of facts, but a dynamic process that leads to knowledge. This process is one of subtle interplay between observation, experimentation, and theory, enabling students to develop a critical view toward the conclusions and interpretations obtained through the scientific process.

Through a combination of lecture courses and laboratory or field experiences, students gain hands-on experience with scientific research. They develop observational skills of measurement and data interpretation and learn the relevance of these skills to the formation and testing of scientific hypotheses.

The goal of this requirement is to enable students to understand the current state of knowledge in at least one scientific discipline, with specific reference to important past discoveries and the directions of current development; to gain experience in scientific observation and measurement, in organizing and quantifying results, in drawing conclusions from data, and in understanding the uncertainties and limitations of the results; and to acquire sufficient general scientific vocabulary and methodology to find additional information about scientific issues, to evaluate it critically, and to make informed decisions.

The natural science requirement, which consists of passing 13 hours of approved natural science course work, includes one two-semester sequence of courses and at least 1 credit hour of an associated lab or field experience. No more than two lower-division courses may be taken from any single department (1-credit-hour lab/field experience courses are excepted). Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

Students who graduate with a major in the natural sciences (astrophysical and planetary sciences, biochemistry, chemistry, ecology and evolutionary biology, geology, integrative physiology, molecular, cellular and developmental biology, or physics) or students who graduate with a minor in ecology and evolutionary biology are exempt from completing the natural science requirement.

Courses offered at CU-Boulder that satisfy this requirement include the following:

Two-Semester Sequences
(Note: Although not recommended, the first semester of a sequence may be taken as a single course. Also, some sequences have included, corequisite, or optional laboratories.)
ANTH ◆2010-3 and ◆2020-3 Introduction to Physical Anthropology 1 and 2 (optional labs ANTH ◆2030, 2040)
ASTR ◆1000-3 and 1020-4 The Solar System and Introductory Astronomy 2 (sequence does not include a lab) (ASTR 1000 formerly ASTR 1110)
ASTR 1010-4 and 1020-4 Introductory Astronomy 1 and 2 (lab included in ASTR 1010)
ASTR 1030-4 and 1040-4 Accelerated Introductory Astronomy 1 and 2 (lab included in ASTR 1030)
ATOC ◆1050-3 and ◆1060-3 Weather and the Atmosphere and Our Changing Environment: El Niño, Ozone, and Climate (optional lab ◆ATOC 1070)
CHEM 1011-3 and 1031-4 Environmental Chemistry 1 and 2 (lab included in CHEM 1031)
CHEM ◆1113-4 and ◆1133-4 General Chemistry 1 and 2 (corequisite labs CHEM 1114 and 1134)
CHEM 1251-5 and 1271-5 General Chemistry 1 and 2 for Chemistry and Biochemistry Majors (lab included)
CHEM 1351-5 and 1371-5 Honors General Chemistry 1 and 2 (lab included) (formerly CHEM 1151 and 1171)
EBIO ◆1030-3 and ◆1040-3 Biology: A Human Approach 1 and 2 (optional lab ◆EBIO 1050)
EBIO ◆1210-3 and ◆1220-3 General Biology 1 and 2 (optional labs EBIO ◆1230, ◆1240)
GEOG ◆1001-4 and ◆1011-4 Environmental Systems 1 and 2: Climate and Vegetation, Landscapes and Water (lab included)
GEOL ◆1010-3 and 1020-3 Introduction to Geology and Introduction to Earth History (optional lab GEOL 1030)
GEOL ◆1010-3 and 1040-3 Introduction to Geology and Geology of Colorado (optional lab GEOL 1030)
GEOL ◆1010-3 and 1060-3 Introduction to Geology and Global Change – An Earth Science Perspective (optional lab GEOL 1030)
MCDB 1030-3 and 1041-3 Molecules, Plagues, and People, and Fundamentals of Human Genetics (lab MCDB 1043)
MCDB 1150-3 and ◆2150-3 Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology and Principles of Genetics (optional labs MCDB 1151, 2151)
PHYS 1010-3 and 1020-4 Physics of Everyday Life 1 and 2 (lab included in PHYS 1020)
PHYS ◆1110-4 and ◆1120-4 General Physics 1 and 2 (optional lab PHYS 1140)
PHYS ◆2010-5 and ◆2020-5 General Physics 1 and 2 (lab included)

Non-Sequence Courses
◆ANTH 3000-3 Primate Behavior
◆ANTH 3010-3 The Human Animal
AREN 2110-3 Thermodynamics
◆ASTR 1200-3 Stars and Galaxies (formerly ASTR 1120)
ASTR 2000-3 Ancient Astronomies of the World
ASTR 2010-3 Modern Cosmology: Origin and Structure of the Universe
ASTR 2020-3 Introduction to Space Astronomy
ASTR 2030-3 Black Holes
ASTR/GEOL 2040-3 The Search for Life in the Universe
ATOC 3050-3 Principles of Weather
ATOC/GEOL 3070-3 Introduction to Oceanography
ATOC 3300/GEOG 3301-3 Analysis of Climate and Weather Observations
ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151-3 Air Chemistry and Pollution (formerly ATOC/CHEM 3500)
◆ATOC/◆ENVS 3600/◆GEOG 3601-3 Principles of Climate
ATOC 4700-3 Weather Analysis and Forecasting
ATOC 4750-3 Desert Meteorology and Climate
◆CHEM 1021-4 Introductory Chemistry (lab included)
CHEN 1000-3 Creative Technology
EBIO 3180-3 Global Ecology
ENVS 1000-4 Introduction to Environmental Studies
ENVS/PHYS 3070-3 Energy and the Environment
ENVS/GEOL 3520-3 Energy and Climate Change: An Interdisciplinary Approach
GEOG 3511-4 Introduction to Hydrology
GEOG/GEOL 4241-4 Principles of Geomorphology (lab included)
GEOL 2100-3 Environmental Geology
GEOL 3040-3 Global Change: The Recent Geological Record
GEOL 3500-3 Earth Resources and the Environment
GEOL 3720-3 Evolution of Life: The Geological Record
GEOL 3950-3 Natural Catastrophes and Geologic Hazards
◆IPHY 2420-3 Nutrition for Health and Performance
◆IPHY 3660-3 The Dynamics of Motor Learning
MCDB 3150-3 Biology of the Cancer Cell
MCDB 3330-3 Evolution and Creationism
◆PHIL 1400-3 Philosophy and the Sciences
◆PHIL 3410-3 History of Science: Ancients to Newton
PHIL 3430-3 History of Science: Newton to Einstein
◆PHYS 1230-3 Light and Color for Non-Scientists
◆PHYS 1240-3 Sound and Music
◆PSYC 2012-3 Biological Psychology
SLHS 2010-3 Science of Human Communication

1-Credit-Hour Laboratory/Field Courses
(Note: Each course below has a prerequisite or corequisite.)
◆ANTH 2030-1 Lab in Physical Anthropology 1
ANTH 2040-1 Lab in Physical Anthropology 2
◆ATOC 1070-1 Weather and the Atmosphere Laboratory
◆CHEM 1114-1 Lab in General Chemistry 1
◆CHEM 1134-1 Lab in General Chemistry 2
◆EBIO 1050-1 Biology: A Human Approach Lab
◆EBIO 1230-1 General Biology Lab 1
◆EBIO 1240-1 General Biology Lab 2
GEOL 1030-1 Introduction to Geology Lab 1
MCDB 1043-1 Exploring Genetics Laboratory
MCDB 1151-1 Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology Lab
MCDB 2151-1 Principles of Genetics Lab
◆PHYS 1140-1 Experimental Physics 1

Contemporary Societies

(3 semester hours)
All individuals function within social frameworks. Courses in contemporary societies introduce students to the study of social groups, including social institutions and processes, the values and beliefs shared by their members, and the forces that mold and shape social groups. They prepare students to approach social phenomena of all kinds in an informed and critical way, and to describe, analyze, compare, and contrast them. Such study also provides students with new vantage points from which to view their own socio-cultural assumptions and traditions.

These courses, which treat contemporary societies, study an individual society or compare several societies. All explicitly attempt to deepen the students’ understanding of the cultural, political, economic, or social contexts that shape people’s lives. Their scope may be global or specific, but all courses that fulfill this requirement address social processes, institutions, values, forces, and beliefs.

Students who graduate with a major in anthropology, economics, international affairs, political science, psychology, or sociology are exempt from the contemporary societies requirement. Students may satisfy this 3-hour requirement by passing any course listed below. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

◆ANTH 1200-3 Culture and Power
BAKR 1600-3 Creating a Sustainable Future
◆COMM 1210-3 Perspectives on Human Communication
◆ECON 2010-4 Principles of Microeconomics
◆ECON 2020-4 Principles of Macroeconomics
ECON 3403-3 International Economics and Policy
ECON 3535-3 Natural Resource Economics
◆ECON 3545-3 Environmental Economics
◆EDUC 3013-(3-4) School and Society
ETHN 1025-3 Introduction to Asian American Studies (formerly AAST 1015)
ETHN 2232-3 Contemporary African American Social Movements (formerly BLST 2200)
ETHN 2242-3 African American Social and Political Thought (formerly BLST 2210)
◆ETHN 3015-3 Asian Pacific American Communities (formerly AAST 3013)
GEOG 3742-3 Place, Power, and Contemporary Culture
GRMN 1601-3 Germany Today
HIST 2126-3 Modern U.S. Politics and Diplomacy
HIST 2166-3 The Vietnam Wars
HUMN 4835-3 Literature and Social Violence
◆IAFS 1000-4 Global Issues and International Affairs
IAFS/JWST 4302-3 Justice, Human Rights, and Democracy in Israel
INVS 3000-(3-4) Innovative Approaches to Contemporary Issues Through Service Learning
INVS 4302/PSCI 4732-3 Critical Thinking in Development
ITAL 1500-3 ”That’s Amoré”: Introduction to Italian Culture
ITAL 4290-3 Italian Culture through Cinema
LIBB 2100-3 Russian Revolutions: Social and Artistic
◆LING 1000-3 Language in U.S. Society
PRLC 1820-3 Community Issues in Leadership
◆PSCI 1101-3 Introduction to American Politics
◆PSCI 2012-3 Introduction to Comparative Politics
◆PSCI 2223-3 Introduction to International Relations
PSCI 3022-3 Russian Politics
PSCI 3032-3 Democracy, Inequality, and Violence in Latin America
◆PSCI 3074-3 Democracy and Its Citizens in the U.S. and the EU
PSCI 3082-3 Political Systems of Sub-Saharan Africa
PSCI 3143-3 Current Affairs in International Relations
PSCI 4002-3 Western European Politics
◆PSCI 4012-3 Global Development
PSCI 4062-3 East European Politics
PSCI 4272-3 The Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Democracies
◆PSYC 2606-3 Social Psychology
RLST 1850-3 Ritual and Media
◆RLST 2400-3 Religion and Contemporary Society
RUSS 2501-3 Russia Today
◆RUSS 4831-3 Contemporary Russian Literature
SCAN 2201-3 Introduction to Modern Scandinavian Culture and Society
SCAN 3201-3 Contemporary Nordic Society and Culture
SLHS 1010-3 Disabilities in Contemporary American Society
◆SOCY 1001-3 Introduction to Sociology
SOCY 4024-3 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
◆WMST 2600-3 Gender, Race, and Class in a Global Context

Ideals and Values

(3 semester hours)
Ideals and values have usually been determined by long-standing traditions and fixed social practices. In our modern world, the interaction of different cultures, movement from place to place, electronic media, and the rapidity of change, even within a given society, have combined to generate new constellations of ideals and hard choices among values.

Courses meeting the ideals and values requirement inquire into some specific sphere of human value (e.g. moral, religious, intellectual, aesthetic, environmental, etc.). In these courses students are encouraged to reflect upon fundamental ideals and values, their own and others, and the sources from which those value orientations derive. Such inquiry demands the development of the critical skills which help students identifying the assumptions and ramifications of value structures. It also requires consideration of approaches by which value systems are constructed, justified, and applied, especially in regard to the personal, societal, and in some cases cross-cultural contexts.

Students may complete this 3-hour requirement by passing any course listed below. Students who take approved CU-Boulder course work to fulfill this requirement must take the course for a letter grade and receive a passing grade of D- or higher.

ARSC/NRLN 2000-3 Constructions of Knowledge in the Academy and Beyond
◆CLAS/◆PHIL 2610-3 Paganism to Christianity
CWCV 2000-3 The Western Tradition
ENGL/JWST 3310-3 The Bible as Literature (formerly ENGL/JWST 3312)
ENVS/PHIL 3140-3 Environmental Ethics
FARR 2510/FILM 2613-3 Exploring Good and Evil through Film (formerly FARR/FILM 2510)
FARR 2660/◆HONR 2250-3 The Ethics of Ambition
FARR 2820-3 The Future of Spaceship Earth
FREN 4860-3 War, Trauma, and Memory (formerly FREN 4000)
GRMN/HUMN 1701-3 Nature and Environment in German Literature and Thought
GRMN/JWST 2502-3 Representing the Holocaust
GRMN 2603-3 Moral Dilemmas in Philosophy and Literature (formerly GRMN 1603)
◆GRMN/HUMN 3505-3 The Enlightenment: Tolerance and Emancipation
◆GRMN/◆HUMN 4502-3 Nietzsche: Literature and Values
HUMN 4155-3 Philosophy, Art, and the Sublime
INVS 1000-4 Responding to Social and Environmental Problems through Service Learning
ITAL 1300-3 La Dolce Vita: Why the Humanities Matter, Italian Style
JWST/RLST 2600-3 Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
LDSP 1000-3 The Foundations of 21st Century Leadership
LIBB 1500-3 The Dialogue of Art and Religion
LIBB 2013-3 Film and the Quest for Truth (formerly FILM 2013)
◆PHIL 1000-3 Introduction to Philosophy
◆PHIL 1100-3 Ethics
PHIL 1160-3 Introduction to Bioethics
◆PHIL 1200-3 Philosophy and Society
PHIL 1600-3 Philosophy and Religion
PHIL 2200-3 Major Social Theories
PHIL 3100-3 Ethical Theory
PHIL/WMST 3110-3 Feminist Practical Ethics
PHIL 3160-3 Bioethics
PHIL 3190-(3-4) War and Morality
PHIL 3200-3 Social and Political Philosophy
PHIL 3260-3 Philosophy and the International Order
PHIL 3600-3 Philosophy of Religion
PRLC 1810-3 Ethical Leadership
◆PSCI 2004-3 Survey of Western Political Thought
PSCI 3054-3 American Political Thought
◆PSCI 3064-3 Environmental Political Theory
RLST 1620-3 The Religious Dimension in Human Experience
RLST 2500-3 Religion in the United States
RLST 2610-3 Religions of South Asia
RLST 2620-3 Religions of East Asia
◆RLST 2700-3 American Indian Religious Traditions
RUSS 3701-3 Slavic Folk Culture: Ideals and Values in the Contemporary World
RUSS 4221-3 Stalinism: Society and Culture
SCAN 3301-3 Radical Nationalism in Contemporary Northern Europe
SEWL 2000-3 America, the Environment, and the Global Economy
◆SOCY 1004-3 Deviance in U.S. Society
SOCY 1022-3 Ethics and Social Issues in U.S. Health and Medicine
◆SOCY 2031-3 Social Problems
◆SOCY 2077-3 Environment and Society
◆SOCY 3151-3 Self in Modern Society
◆SOCY 4121-3 Sociology of Religion
SSIR 1010-3 Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainability