For further study, see such works as Bertrand Harris Bronson's The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads, Vols I-IV (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1959), Flemming G. Anderson's Commonplace and Creativity: The Role of Formulaic Diction in Anglo-Scottish Traditional Balladry (Odense University Press, 1985), and MacEdward Leach and Tristram P. Coffin's The Critics and the Ballad (Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, 1961).
Note: We discovered, too late, that a section of the original text was missing from the files used to make this concordance. We have inserted this section into the file "original text.txt". It is delimited by lines of dashes, for which you can search, and a note. In addition, this section is encoded using a convention for upper case and other text features that we used in the 1960s (as opposed to the 80s for the rest of the text). Since this project is not active, there are no resources to work on this section.
The format for the concordance is that of an extended KWIC (Key Word In Context). Consider the following sample entry, an approximation of what the camera-ready Postscript files look like:
|79[C.10]||4||/Which was builded of||lime and sand;/Until they came to|
|247A.6||4||/That was well biggit with||lime and stane.|
|303A.1||2||bower,/Well built wi||lime and stane,/And Willie came|
|247A.9||2||/That was well biggit wi||lime and stane,/Nor has he stoln|
|305A.2||1||a castell biggit with||lime and stane,/O gin it stands not|
|305A.71||2||is my awin,/I biggit it wi||lime and stane;/The Tinnies and|
|79[C.10]||6||/Which was builded with||lime and stone.|
|305A.30||1||a prittie castell of||lime and stone,/O gif it stands not|
|108.15||2||/Which was made both of||lime and stone,/Shee tooke him by|
|175A.33||2||castle then,/Was made of||lime and stone;/The vttermost|
|178[H.2]||2||near by,/Well built with||lime and stone;/There is a lady|
|178F.18||2||built with stone and||lime!/But far mair pittie on Lady|
|178G.35||2||was biggit wi stane and||lime!/But far mair pity o Lady|
|2D.16||1||big a cart o stane and||lime,/Gar Robin Redbreast trail it|
Each word form in the text is listed in strict alphabetical sequence on the left of the column, followed by its number of occurrences in parentheses. Thus the word "lime" appears 14 times in the text. Under "lime" appears references to all of its occurrences, with ballad number and version letter, followed by stanza number, and line number within the stanza. For example, the first entry under the word form "lime" can be found in Child 79, version C, stanza 10, line 4. When a particular entry, as here, comes from Child's additions and corrections, the version letter and stanza number are placed in brackets.
Each occurrence of each word form appears surrounded by as much context as will fill the available space without retaining unaesthetic and potentially misleading word fragments. For example, the machine-defined context for the first entry under "lime" is "/Which was builded of lime and sand;/Until they came to" with the key word "lime" in bold face; virgules indicate end-of-line marks. Though such an abbreviated context is not as useful for certain purposes as a complete syntactic and semantic context might be, it is the abbreviation of the contexts which enables the KWIC format to display particular aspects of stylized language. Because the lines of the text fall directly one under another and because each entry is further ordered by sorting upon what follows the key word rather than in text order, the concordance visually brings together related collocations, phrases, idioms, and commonplaces that are a stylistic trait of the Child ballads. Furthermore, the format emphasizes which phrases are shared by which ballads and in what stanza line they most frequently occur. In short, the format can be quite useful in identifying particular stylized features of ballad structure and language.
The table below lists the files that make up the concordance. The concordance is presented as PDF files and as Postscript files compressed by the WinZip utility. You may view and print the the PDF files using Adobe's free Acrobat Reader, or decompress the Postscript files and send them to a Postscript printer. The Zip files are self-extracting archives; if you download and open the files, they will extract the PDF files even if you don't have a WinZip utility on your machine. The concordance PDF file contains bookmarks for each letter in the concordance.
|File||PDF File||Postscript File|
|Original Text||original-text.exe||original-text.txt (text file)|
|Concordance||concordance.exe (30 megabytes)||concordance-ps.exe (22 megabytes)|
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