Lawrence L. Kazmerski
1. Interfaces • 3. Advanced characterization (multi-modes) • 5. Chemical processes-dependent on nano- and meso-scale dimensions • 9. Hybrid nano-materials • 10. Optoelectronic properties • 12. Theory and simulation of phenomena

General Area(s) of Research: Emerging Reliability Issues for Photovoltaic Modules: Surface Soiling and Fundamental Photon Coupling

Description of potential projects for CINEMA applicants: This research project focuses on special aspects of solar photovoltaics reliability that are only beginning to receive increased attention worldwide, that provide a foundation for state-of-the art R&D, and that have joint significance for Brasil and U.S. markets and climate conditions. The major objectives of this proposal are in three-interrelated areas important to the PV module surface: (1) Soiling Science and Technology (Creating and validating protocol test procedures, establishing joint test field in representative climate zones, and comprehensive dust/soiling chemical/physical analysis and characterization, fundamental evaluation of nanoscale adhesion forces/correlation with chemical/morphological characteristics). (2) Coatings and Films for Performance Maintenance and Enhancement (Anti-reflection and dust mitigation separate and dual-purpose coatings with emphasis on nanoscale designs and characterization). (3) Next-Generation Materials Science: Materials-by-Design (Design and realization of next generation coatings by revolutionary materials science)