Starred (*) readings are especially recommended.
In cases where no link has been supplied to the reading, either no English version is available, or the text is too long to be posted here.
*John of Mirecourt, Sentences Bk I q. 6: “Can any truth be evidently cognized by a created nature?”, tr. Lloyd Newton
*John Wilkins, Of the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion Bk. I ch. 1
Bernoulli, Jacob, Art of Conjecturing pt. IV, tr. Sylla
Garber, Daniel, “Descartes on Knowledge and Certainty,” in his Descartes Embodied (Cambridge UP, 2000). 111-129.
John Duns Scotus, Lectura I.3, tr. Frank and Wolter
Pasnau, Robert, "Epistemology Idealized," Mind 122, 4 (2013): 987-1021.
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews 11.1, tr. Baer
Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on Posterior Analytics I.2, tr. Larcher
William of Ockham, Expositio in Libros Physicorum Aristotelis prologue, tr. Boehner
"Defense of Nominalism at Paris in 1474," in Lynn Thorndike, University Records and Life in the Middle Ages (Columbia UP, 1944). 355-60.
John Buridan, De Dependentiis
John Buridan, Questions on Metaphysics Bk.IV q. 6 and Bk.V q. 8
John Duns Scotus, Questions on the Categories, tr. Newton
John of Salisbury, Metalogicon II. 17, tr. McGarry
Juan de Celaya, Dialectice Introductiones (selections)
Kaluza, Zenon, "Les ecoles doctrinales," in his Les querelles doctrinales à Paris: Nominalistes et réalistes aux confins du XIVe et du XVe siècles (Pierluigi Lubrina, 1988). 13-34.
Obadiah Walker, Ars rationis ad mentem nominalium libri tres, preface
Symphorien Champier, Isagoge ch. 1
Walter Burley, Expositio super artem veterem (3rd version)
Walter Burley, On Praedicaments (selections)
William of Ockham, Summa Logicae I, chs.1-60, tr. Loux
William of Ockham, Quodlibeta V qq. 20-25, tr. Freddoso and Kelley
John Buridan, Quaestions on Physics Bk.I qq. 8-10; Bk.III q. 7
John Duns Scotus, Questions on Metaphysics Bk.VII, q. 5, tr. Etzkorn and Wolter
Peter Aureol, Sent. I dd.38-39
The Louvain controversy
Thomas Aquinas, In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis Lects. 7-8, 13-15, tr. Blackwell, Spath, and Thirlkel
William of Ockham, Tractatus de Praedestinatione et de praescientia Die et de futuris contingentibus, tr. Adams and Kretzmann
*John Buridan, Questions on De Anima II.1,2,4 [14.57r], III.4 (14.54r), tr. Zupko et al.
*John Duns Scotus, Ordinatio IV.11, tr. Newton
*Marsilius of Inghen, Seven arguments for substantial form, tr. Pasnau
*Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae 1a q.76.3-4, tr. Pasnau
*William of Ockham, Quodlibeta II qq.10-11, tr. Freddoso and Kelley
Averroes, De substantia orbis ch. 1, tr. Hyman
Suárez, Francesco, Metaphysical Disputation 15, tr. Kronen and Reedy
Pasnau, Robert, Metaphysical Themes chs. 24, 25, 28, 29 (Oxford UP, 2011).
1. Soul and Its Faculties
Henry of Ghent, Quodlibeta III q.14, tr. Paasch
John Duns Scotus, Opus oxoniense II d.16 q.1
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae Ia q.77, tr. Pasnau
William of Ockham, Reportatio II q.20
2. Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition
William of Ockham, Quodlibeta I q.13, tr. Freddoso & Kelley
3. Representation / Intentional Content
John Duns Scotus, Reportatio parisiensis IA d.3 q.4, tr. Wolter & Bychkov
William of Ockham, Ordinatio I d.3 q.9
William of Ockham, Reportatio II qq.12-13, tr. Hackett textbook
4. Intellect, Perception, Body
William of Ockham, Quodlibeta II q.10, tr. Freddoso & Kelley
Henry of Ghent, Quodlibeta 9.15
John Duns Scotus, Quodlibeta q.15, tr. Wolter
Peter John Olivi, Sent. II q.58
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae Ia q.79, tr. Pasnau
Aristotle, Physics, Bk II.
Brown, Deborah, "Cartesian Functional Analysis," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90, 1 (2012): 75-92.
Cavendish, Margaret, Philosophical letters: or modest reflections upon some opinions in natural philosophy (London, 1664).
Cavendish, Margaret, Selections from Observations upon experimental philosophy (London: A. Maxwell, 1668).
Cudworth, Ralph, Selections from The true intellectual system of the universe, 2nd.ed. (London, 1678/1743).
Des Chene, Dennis, "Unity of the Body," in his Spirits and Clocks (Cornell UP, 2001). 116-52.
Digby, Sir Kenelm, Two treatises: in the one of which, the nature of bodies; in the other, the nature of man’s soule, is looked into: in way of discovery of the immortality of reasonable soules (London, 1644 (1658)).
Kaufman, Dan, "Cartesian Substances, Individual Bodies, and Corruptibility," Res Philosophica 91, 1 (2014): 71-102.
Leibniz, Selections from ‘Letters to Arnauld’, tr. Loemker.
More, Henry, Selections from A collection of several philosophical writings (Joseph Downing, 1712).
Smith, Kurt and Alan Nelson, "Divisibility and Cartesian Extension," Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 5 (2010): 1-24.
de la Forge, Louis, Selections from Traité de l’esprit de l’Homme, 1664.
Garber, Daniel, "Understanding Interaction"; "How God Causes Motion"; "Descartes and Occasionalism", in his Descartes Embodied (Cambridge UP, 2001). 168-220.
Hobbes, Thomas, Selections from De Corpore, Elements of Philosophy, and Leviathan.
Malebranche, Nicholas, Selections from The Search For Truth and Dialogues on Metaphysics.
Nadler, Steven, "Descartes and Occasional Causation," British Journal for the History of Philosophy 2, 1 (1994): 35-54.
Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia, Letters to Descartes, 1643.
1. Emotions and Will
John Duns Scotus, Ordinatio III d.15 q.1
John Duns Scotus, Ordinatio III d.33 q.1, tr. Newton
John Duns Scotus, Ordinatio III d.34 q.1
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae Ia q.80, tr. Pasnau
William of Ockham, Ordinatio I d.1 q.3
William of Ockham, Quodlibeta II q.17, tr. Freddoso & Kelley
2. Will and Intellect
Godfrey of Fontaines, Quodlibeta 8.16
Henry of Ghent, Quodlibeta 9.6, tr. Teske
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae Ia q.82, tr. Pasnau
* Gerson, Lloyd, “What is Platonism?” Journal of the History of Philosophy 43, 3 (2005): 253–76.
* Mercer, Christia, “Prefacing the Theodicy,” in L. Jorgensen and S. Newlands eds., Essays on the Theodicy (Oxford UP, 2014). 13-42.
* Mercer, Christia, “Seventeenth-Century Universal Sympathy: Stoicism, Platonism, Leibniz, and Conway,” in E. Schliesser ed., Sympathy: A History (Oxford UP, 2015). 108-39.
* Mercer, Christia, "Spinoza and Leibniz on Substance and Mode," in D. Pereboom ed., The Rationalists (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999). 273-300.
* O'Neill, Eileen. “Disappearing Ink: Early Modern Women Philosophers and their Fate in History,” in J. A. Kourany ed., Philosophy in a Feminist Voice (Princeton UP, 1998).
* Plotinus’ Enneads is a several volume text (not too expensive in the Loeb edition if you are interested!) and available as an e-book. The Essential Plotinus is a good short collection. Read: (a) Enneads, Book I, sect. 6 (1-9) which is in the Essential Plotinus, pp.33-57. Also, important is Enneads, Book VI, sect. 9 (1-10) which is in Essential Plotinus, pp.72-89.
Ficino, Marsilio, Platonic Theology, 6 vols. trans., M. J. B. Allen, eds., J. Hankins and W. Bowen (Harvard UP, 2001-06).
Horn, Christoph and James Wilberding, eds., Neoplatonic Natural Philosophy, (Oxford UP, 2012).
Janiak, Andrew and Christia Mercer, “Philosophy’s Gender Bias,” Washington Post, April 18, 2015.
Kristeller, Paul O. and Michael Mooney, eds., Renaissance Thought and its Sources (Columbia UP, 1979).
* Conway, Anne : The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy, trans., A. Coudert and T. Corse (Cambridge UP, 1996).
(Comment: Participants should acquire their own copy; Be skeptical of the introduction and its emphasis on Kabbalist sources.)
Conway, The Conway Letters, The Correspondence of Anne, Viscountess Conway, Henry More, and their friends, 1642-1684, ed. M. H. Nicolson; Revised edition by S. Hutton (Oxford UP, 1992).
Hutton, Sarah, Anne Conway. A Woman Philosopher (Cambridge UP, 2004).
(Comment: Not a lot of philosophy, but wonderfully sets the complicated context of Conway’s work and the diverse philosophical culture of early modern England.)
* Mercer, Christia, “Anne Conway’s Metaphysics of Sympathy,” for Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women's Philosophical Thought, eds. Eileen O’Neill and Marcy Lascano (Springer, 2015).
Broad, Jacqueline, Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge UP, 2002).
Merchant, Carolyn, “The Vitalism of Anne Conway: its Impact on Leibniz's Concept of the Monad,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 17, 2 (1979): 255-69.
(Comment: There is very little written on Conway and most of it is focused on a slice of her thought, which means the subtlety of the system is lost.)
Calvin, Declaration for maintaining the true faith
Curley, Edwin, "Sebastian Castellio's Erasmian Liberalism." Philosophical Topics 31 (2004): 47-73.
Selections from Montaigne's Essays:
Curley, Edwin, "Skepticism and Toleration: The Case of Montaigne," Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 2 (2005): 1-33.
(Reading Notes: Read This First!)
*Bacon, Francis, Cogita et visa, excerpts
*Bacon, Francis, Instauratio Magna
*Bacon, Francis, Novum organum, Bk II §§ 1-20, 48
*Bacon, Francis, Wisdom of the Ancients, excerpts
Cardano, De subtilitate, excerpts
Garber, Daniel, "Defending Aristotle/Defending Society in the Early 17th Century Europe," in W. Detel and C. Zittel (eds.), Wissensideale und Wissenskulturen in der freuhen Neuzeit: Ideals and Cultures of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe (Akademie Verlag, 2002). 135–60.
Garber, Daniel, "Telesio among the Novatores"
Giglioni, Guido, “Mastering the Appetites of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Sylva Sylvarum,” in C. Wolfe and O. Gal eds., The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge (Springer, 2010). 149-67.
Gilbert, William, De magnete, excerpts
Morin, Jean-Baptiste, Refutation of the Erroneous Theses, excerpts
Telesio, Bernardino, De rerum natura iuxta propria principia, excerpts
Descartes, Rene, Discourse on Method 5, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Passions of the Soul I.2-16, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Principles of Philosophy II.1-23 & 64, IV.187-207, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene Treatise on Man, tr. CSM
Thomas Aquinas, On Being and Essence, paragraphs 27-30, tr. King
Bitbol-Hespériès, Annie, “Cartesian physiology,” in Descartes’ Natural Philosophy, eds. S. Gaukroger, J. Schuster, and J. Sutton (Routledge, 2000). 348-382.
Hatfield, Gary, “Mechanizing the Sensitive Soul,” in Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy, ed. Gideon Manning (Brill, 2012).
Woolhouse, Roger, “Descartes and the Nature of Body,” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 2, 1 (1994): 19-33.
Descartes, Rene, Meditations 2 & 6, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Optics 4-6, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Passions of the Soul I.17-47, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Principles of Philosophy I.47-76, tr. CSM
Descartes, Rene, Sixth Replies points 3 & 9, tr. CSM
Pasnau, Robert, “The Mind-Soul Problem,” in Mind, Cognition and Representation: The Tradition of Commentaries on Aristotle’s De Anima, eds. P.J.J.M. Bakker and J.M.M.H. Thijssen (Ashgate, 2007): 3-20.
Rozemond, Marleen, “The Nature of the Mind,” in The Blackwell Guide to Descartes’ Meditations, ed. S. Gaukroger (Blackwell, 2006): 48-66.
Simmons, Alison, "Re-Humanizing Descartes," Philosophic Exchance 41, 1 (2013): 53-71.