1990-2000

1990 - Native American Languages Act. This law made it US policy to “preserve, protect, and promote the rights and freedom of Native Americans to use, practice, and develop Native American languages.” Thus, the federal government encourages and supports of the use of Native languages as a medium of instruction in schools; recognizes the right of Indian tribes to give official status to their languages for conducting their own business; supports proficiency in Native languages by granting the same academic credit as for comparable proficiency in a foreign language; and encourages schools to include native languages in the curriculum in the same way as foreign languages.

1990 - Indian Arts and Crafts Act (IACA). This law promotes Indian artwork and handicraft businesses, reduces foreign and counterfeit product competition, and tries to stop deceptive marketing practices. It also set stiff penalties for persons and businesses promoting art as Native-produced when it is not made by an artist who is a citizen of a federal- or state-recognized tribe.

1990 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. This law requires all institutions that receive federal funds to inventory their collections of Indian human remains and artifacts, make their lists available to Indian tribes, and return remains to their tribal or Native owners.

1994 - Native American Free Exercise of Religion Act. This amendment to the American Indian Religious Freedom Act protects the rights of American Indians to use peyote in traditional religious ceremonies.

1994 - President Clinton’s Executive Memorandum, April 29th. President William Jefferson Clinton issued this statement “to clarify our responsibility to ensure that the Federal Government operates within a government-to-government relation-ship with federally recognized Native American tribes. I am strongly committed to building a more effective day-to-day working relationship reflecting respect for the rights of self-government due the sovereign tribal governments.”

1996 - National American Indian Heritage Month. President Clinton declared November of each year to be National American Indian Heritage Month.

1996 - Executive Order, October 21 on Tribal Colleges and Universities. President Clinton authorized a White House Initiative on Tribal Colleges and Universities within the US Department of Education to continue the support and development of tribal colleges into the 21st Century.

1996 - Executive Order on Indian Sacred Sites. President Clinton issued this statement to reaffirm the American Indian Religious Freedom Act policy and protection of Indian sacred sites.

2000 - Sand Creek National Monument Act. This law authorized the site of the Sand Creek Massacre of Cheyenne and Arapaho people by US and Colorado soldiers to be turned into a national monument park. An earlier law apologized for the Massacre and directed that a study report on the exact location of the site.

 

 

 

 

info from - http:/www.humboldt.edu/~go1/kellogg/