Joanne Belknap received a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from Michigan State University in 1986. She is a Professor of Ethnic Studies at the University of Colorado and Past-President of the American Society of Criminology. Her research is primarily on gender-based abuse and the trajectory of trauma to offending among women and youth, and the intersections of marginalization. Dr. Belknap recently published the fourth edition of her book, The Invisible Woman: Gender, Crime, and Justice. She has secured almost two million dollars in grant money to conduct research on women, girls, and crime. She has served on state advisory boards for female offenders and women in prison, on U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno's Violence Against Women Committee, gave expert testimony to the Warren Christopher Commission investigating the Rodney King police brutality incident in Los Angeles, and served as a pro bono advisor on criminal justice policy for the Obama presidential campaign. Dr. Belknap has won numerous research, teaching and service awards.

If you participated in Dr. Belknap's study at the Denver County Jail and would like to receive any of the findings thus far, please feel free to email her at