IBS Newsletter

March 1998

Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado

Program Activities

Problem Behavior Program

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Several staff members from the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV) participated in the 1997 American Society of Criminologists Conference in San Diego, CA on November 18-22. Delbert S. Elliott presented "Developmental Adaptation of a Learning-Reinforcement Model for Crime, Delinquency and Drug Use: A Life-course Perspective." Kirk R. Williams and Tonya Aultman-Bettridge presented "Homicide Between Intimate Partners: Trends and Implications." Tonya Aultman-Bettridge and Sabrina Arrendondo presented a talk, "Promising Approaches in the Prevention and Intervention of Youth Gun Violence." Jane Grady and Sharon Mihalic hosted an exhibit of the Blueprints project and publications.

The CSPV Information House hosted a press conference at the University of Colorado Glen Miller Lounge on December 10, 1997 to announce the identification of the ten Blueprint programs. The Blueprints are ten exemplary violence prevention programs. During this event, Elliott addressed media, criminal justice professionals, and University of Colorado affiliates concerning issues of current violence prevention programs, program evaluation, and program replication. The press conference was well received and covered by the national, state and local media.

Delbert S. Elliott presented the paper "Prevention Programs that Work for Youth: Violence Prevention," at the Aspen Institute's Congressional Seminar: Education and the Development of American Youth. The program was held on February 13 in Charleston, SC.

In January 1998 the CSPV received an award for its informative Web site by HandsNet, a national nonprofit organization that uses information technology to foster information sharing throughout the human services community.

Population Processes Program

Richard G. Rogers was invited to Ohio State University on January 30 to present findings from his latest research, "The Effects of Family Composition on Mortality." On February 13 at the University of Texas, at Austin, he discussed new developments to his research in a talk entitled, "Family Composition, Welfare Support, and Mortality." Even though most studies of the marital status gap in mortality rely on individual risk factors, individuals interact with, relate to, and live with other family members, including spouses, children, parents, grandchildren, and other relatives. Neglecting such rich social relations overlooks vast parts of individuals' lives. Family arrangements are affected by social support, social control, income, and age, as well as positions in the family. It is important to understand the familial context in which people live, since the family is a basic social institution and a central place in which the force of mortality operates. This study illuminates the relations between family composition and length of life among adults in the U.S.

Environment and Behavior Program

Chuck Howe is working with colleagues in the Laboratory of Theoretical and Applied Economics in the Faculty of Economics at the University of Montpellier-1, France, on the basic theory of property rights and its application to comparative systems of management of natural resources, especially the differences between the French and western U.S. water systems. The results are to be presented to the annual conference of French economists at the University of Toulouse in May.

Natural Hazards Center News

David Butler has been appointed to the editorial advisory board of "Natural Disaster Management." This is a volume that will summarize the accomplishments of the United Nations International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.

Mary Fran Myers was an invited speaker at the 6th International Meeting of the Colima Volcano sponsored by the Universidad de Colima in Colima, Mexico, from January 26-31. She spoke on "Facilitating Communication for Hazards Management in the 21st Century" and discussed the Natural Hazards Center as one model for accomplishing this kind of exchange of information. Also speaking at the meeting was Eve Gruntfest, former IBS graduate student, who is currently on sabbatical as a senior fellow at Colorado State University's Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere. Her paper focused on what lessons flood warning research can provide to volcano warning systems.

Dennis S. Mileti presented a keynote speech titled "Sustainable Natural Hazards Mitigation" at the forum "Emergency Management in the Small Islands: Learning from Natural Disasters and Forming Mitigation Strategies" sponsored by the Research Institute for Subtropics and the United Nations University. The forum was held in Naha, Okinawa, Japan on February 14. His presentation reported on the key findings from the project "Assessment of Research and Applications on Natural Hazards" and reported on multiple-objective hazards mitigation based on consensus in local communities about future losses and techniques for locals to live into those futures.

Bits and Bytes from SSDAC

The Social Sciences Data Analysis Center has been receiving some reports and concerns about viruses and hoaxes. There have been multiple e-mail messages being distributed that warn of a computer virus that will wipe out the hard disk by just viewing the message. The latest seen is called "Join the Crew." As with others, such as "Good Times," simply reading a message cannot delete files on the hard disk if a standard mail program such as Pine is being used. These are hoaxes although they are viruses in the sense that bandwidth is wasted as they get forwarded around the net.

The International Computer Security Association has information about viruses and hoaxes at http://www.ncsa.com/services/consortia/anti-virus/alerthoax.html. Never download a file for use unless it is from a trusted source. Word and Excel files, in particular, should be scanned for macro viruses.

For computing and networking news and notes that should be of interest to IBS users see http://www.colorado.edu/IBS/DAC/news.html. If you have computing problems, questions, or comments send e-mail to SSDAC@Colorado.EDU.

Profile: Anna Secor

Islamist Resurgence in the Context of Global Trends

Anna Secor has been awarded a dissertation grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct research in Turkey in 1998-99. She completed her B.A. in English at Oberlin College in 1992, and her M.A. in Geography at the University of Colorado-Boulder in 1996. She is currently a Globalization and Democracy trainee working with John O'Loughlin in the Political and Economic Change Program.

The broad objective of this dissertation research is to place the Islamist resurgence in the context of global trends and to explore these questions through a case study of Islamist support in Istanbul. Turkey has seen an unprecedented groundswell of support for Islamist politics since the early 1990s. Although popular electoral support brought Islamist party (Refah Party) politicians to power in local (1994) and national (1995) elections, the party, which has now been banned, came increasingly under fire from those who support "secular democracy," most notably the military, state elite, and elements of the urban upper and upper-middle classes.

Turkey is not alone in its contentions with Islamist political mobilization. In many Middle Eastern states that sixty or eighty years ago, adopted a modernizing nationalist ideology (such as Iran, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey), the second half of the twentieth century has been marked by the rise of Islamist movements. The growth of political mobilization around Islamic agendas is often interpreted as a response to the failures, both economic and spiritual, of "modernization" projects undertaken by such regimes as the Pahlavi Shah's in Iran or Ataturk's in Turkey. On the other hand, Islamism has been viewed as a counterpoint to globalization processes, a manifestation of the paradoxical emergence of particularistic identities at a time of increasing global integration through transnational economic flows and communication technologies. My dissertation project will place these global-level explanations for the rise of Islamist politics within an integrated theoretical framework of modernization and globalization to explore the rise of Islam in Turkish politics and the role of women in the movement.

This project aims to construct an urban geography of Islamism in Istanbul, to explore the bases of support for Islamist politics in the urban context with particular attention to gender, migrant status, and class, and to investigate the role of women in the construction of Islamist support in Istanbul. This dissertation research will 1) use census and electoral data to construct an urban geography of Istanbul based on migrant status, class status, and electoral support for Islamist politics, 2) survey residents of various urban neighborhoods selected from the results of the first phase to explore the relationships between gender, migrant status, and class in the construction of Islamist support, and 3) conduct intensive interviews with women selected from these same contexts to explore in greater detail why and how women are involved in supporting Islamist politics. Taken together, these three phases will yield a contextually grounded analysis of the construction of Islamist support in Istanbul.

My aim is to expand our knowledge of Islam in Istanbul through a context-sensitive study of the bases of Islamist support among various segments of the population and through an in-depth analysis of women's motives and methods for supporting Islamist politics. This dissertation research will situate Islam in Istanbul within processes of industrialization and urbanization, of global integration and local fragmentation, and thus explore the new everyday spaces of Islamist politics and women.

Funding Opportunities

Resources for the Future (RFF) will award two resident fellowships in honor of Gilbert F. White, retired chairman of the RFF board, distinguished geographer, and internationally known statesman of science. The fellowships are intended for postdoctoral researchers who wish to devote a year to scholarly work in the social or policy sciences in areas related to natural resources, energy, or the environment. Since fellows will interact closely with current RFF staff members, selection criteria will include the nature of the applicant's proposed work program and how it fits with RFF work in progress. The award is open to individuals in any discipline who will have completed their doctoral requirements. Fellows will receive an annual stipend, plus research support, office facilities at RFF, and an allowance of up to $1,000 for moving or living expenses.

In honor of the late Joseph L. Fisher, President of RFF, fellowships will be awarded for the coming academic year in support of doctoral dissertation research in issues related to the environment, natural resources, or energy. The fellowships carry a stipend of $12,000 for the academic year. This fellowship is intended to support graduate students in the final year of their dissertation research. Fellowship candidates must have completed the preliminary examination for the doctorate no later than February 1.

Contact: Coordinator for Academic Programs, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036-1400, Phone: 202-328-5067.

Research Proposals Funded

Environment and Behavior Program

Dennis S. Mileti
A clearinghouse on natural hazards research and applications
NSF; 10/01/97 - 11/30/98; supp; $38,080

Problem Behavior Program

Francis M. Costa and Richard Jessor
The development of cigarette smoking in adolescence
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; 03/01/98 - 02/28/99; new; $136,915

Kirk R. Williams
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence youth and guns project
Colorado Trust; 11/01/97 - 08/31/98; new; $100,000

Research Proposals Submitted

Problem Behavior Program

Delbert S. Elliott and Sharon Mihalic
Blueprints for violence prevention training and technical assistance
Department of Justice; 04/01/98 - 03/31/01; new; $4,002,911

Population Processes Program

Andrei Rogers
Spatial redistribution of the foreign-born population
05/01/98 - 04/30/99; cont; $44,465

Environment and Behavior Program

Mary Fran Myers and Dennis S. Mileti
Develop a framework for establishing disaster recovery assistance teams
Public Entity Risk Institute; 07/01/98 - 06/30/99; new; $110,440

Political and Economic Change Program

Edward S. Greenberg
Alcohol consequences of corporate restructuring
NIAAA; 05/10/98 - 04/30/99; cont; $233,880

Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.

1998 IBS Newsletter

Sugandha Brooks and Christine Weeber, Newsletter Editors

Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director

Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147