IBS Newsletter

January 1997

Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado

Program Activities

Population Processes Program

Richard G. Rogers was recently elected Vice President of the Society for the Study of Social Biology for 1997.

Charles M. Becker conducted a seminar on demographic change in Kazakstan during the post-Soviet era at Harvard University's Institute for International Development on December 17 and at the Kazakstan Institute of Economics, Management and Strategic Planning in Almaty, Kazakstan on January 14.

Population Program in Print

Rogers, Richard G. 1996. "The Effects of Family Composition, Health, and Social Support Linkages on Mortality." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 37(12), pp. 326-338. This study reveals how family living arrangements influence morality. The author uses the National Health Interview Survey, Supplement on Aging, and discrete-time hazard rate models to show that some family arrangements result from strong social bonds, but others are a result of financial needs or health problems. In some instances, it is not family living arrangements that influence the risk of mortality but vice versa: the family rearranges itself to deal with ill health and disability among its members. The family strives to promote health, prevent disease, and encourage economic security. However, family members who endure economic or health hardships face increased risk of death.

Problem Behavior Program

Scott W. Menard attended the Primary Care Research Methods and Statistics Conference on December 6-8 in San Antonio, Texas. He presented an invited paper entitled "Causal Analysis with Longitudinal Data." Statistical approaches used with longitudinal data for the purpose of establishing causality were reviewed, and the applicability of different methods, including ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) and autoregressive time series analysis, event history analysis, hierarchical linear modeling for analysis of growth curves, linear panel analysis, and pooling cross-sectional and time-series data were discussed. Special emphasis was placed on the distinctions among different hypothetical causal structures and different data structures as considerations in selecting methods of analysis.

Delbert S. Elliott presented a speech at the opening plenary session at the national conference of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (a part of the U.S. Department of Justice) entitled "Juvenile Justice at the Crossroads." The conference was held December 12 in Baltimore. The goal of the conference was to facilitate dialogue outlining the critical juvenile justice issues facing the country and the direction for legislation and programming for the 21st century.

Bill Howard, a reporter from Youth Today interviewed Delbert Elliott for an upcoming issue of the national publication regarding the current research projects of the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV). Other CSPV staff members, Kelley Coffin and Jane Grady, provided information regarding the Information House.

Delbert Elliott and Tonya Aultman-Bettridge attended a Board Meeting of the Colorado Trust to discuss CSPV's involvement in the Trust's Violence Prevention Initiative on December 4 in Denver.

Environment and Behavior Program

Anthony Bebbington spent the holidays in Chile where he worked on the preparation of final reports for the research project analyzing recent shifts in the relationships between NGOs and governments in the formulation and implementation of rural development programs and policies. With Denise Bebbington (Visiting Research Associate) he also conducted interviews to collect information on approaches being used by government, financing agencies and NGOs to assess the impact of development programs with NGO involvement.

In December 1996, Anthony Bebbington, with Tom Carroll (Emeritus Professor, George Washington University) and LATEN (the Latin America Environmental Unit in the World Bank), submitted a research proposal for $95,000 to the World Bank Danish Trust Fund program of research on social capital.

Gilbert F. White was a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Society of Floodplain Managers Foundation that held its organizing meeting in Chicago on December 10. The new Foundation will seek funds to support needed work, including research, on the nation's floodplain problems. White is also serving on a committee of the Land and Water Fund that is advising on the design of the Fund's building at the southwest corner of Baseline and Broadway streets in Boulder to serve as a demonstration of environmentally sound construction to minimize urban pollution problems. On January 20-24 White met with a group in Kampala, Uganda, to plan a restudy of the sites and households that were examined thirty years ago in research that was reported in the book Drawers of Water: Domestic Water Use in East Africa. (1972). The preliminary findings from that study were shared with government agencies planning domestic water supply improvements. Now, a group of overseas development agencies from the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark and The Netherlands is financing the study by British and East African scientists who will observe any changes in conditions of choice, costs, and effects, and will look for possible policy lessons.

Environment and Behavior in Print

Bebbington, A. and Riddell, R. 1997. "Heavy hands, hidden hands, holding hands? Donors, intermediary NGOs and civil society organisations," in D. Hulme and M. Edwards (eds.), Too Close for Comfort: NGOs, States and Donors. Oxford: MacMillan. Drawing on several recent field and desk studies of donor agency nongovernmental organization (NGO) support programs, the first part of this paper considers the validity of the assumptions that these initiatives make about the characteristics and roles of NGOs, and the supposition that direct funding can enhance their contribution to these two objectives. The second part of the paper considers the capacity of bilateral agencies to become involved in direct funding, and suggests that there are risks with increased direct funding, and that it could lead to increased donor instrumentalization of southern NGOs. More effective ways through which donors could enhance the work of southern NGOs include: fostering an environment that is more supportive (or "enabling") for the work of NGOs; building bridges between southern non-membership NGOs, membership organizations and wider political structures (mainly the state and international donors); and by supporting NGOs directly and materially in order that they deliver development services and do capacity building work among their constituency. Some of these initiatives should involve northern NGOs. The final part of the paper elaborates some of the implications that these discussions hold for northern NGOs. The authors argue that if used constructively, the discussion of direct funding can make more explicit long standing problems in the sometimes strained and imperfect partnership between northern NGOs and southern NGOs, and so be a step towards addressing these problems.

Profile: Patricia Jaramillo

American Political Parties and Elections: Mobilizing Mechanisms for Activism

Patricia Jaramillo is the most recent recipient of the IBS Graduate Student Diversity Fellowship. She received her M.P.Aff. from the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas. Before returning to school she worked as a researcher for a political consulting firm in Austin, Texas, and as a policy analyst for the Texas Sunset Advisory Commission. She is in her second year of the Ph.D. program in political science and has worked with Walter Stone on the Perot project since she started the program. Patricia is a Graduate Research Assistant in the Research Program on Political and Economic Change.

My research interests are directed at American political parties and elections. In my preliminary Ph.D. paper I am beginning to confront the questions that drew me back to political science. Specifically, I will focus on identifying a mobilizing mechanism for activism in the presidential nomination and general elections. By drawing on the work of Sidney Verba and his colleagues and hypotheses developed by Stone, Atkeson, and Rapoport (1992), I argue that methods of mobilization are unique to specific modes of activity, in particular, time and money-based modes of activity. I hope to contribute to the study of the nomination process by demonstrating that individuals active in one mode of activity in the nomination contest continue to be active in the same mode of activity in the general election because of the methods of mobilization. I begin by defining mobilization according to personal and impersonal contacts. My expectations are that personal contacts are primarily used for mobilization into time-based activities while impersonal contacts are the predominant predictor of money-based activities.

Along with my own research, I am beginning work with Walter Stone, Randall Partin, and Lori Weber on a project that examines the causes of activism across different forms of participatory activities. This project will focus on a 1996 two-wave survey of small-money contributors to the Democratic and Republican National Committees. We will compare this sample of contributors to a sample of caucus attenders and reform party activists. By doing so we step into the debate in American politics over the role played by certain types of participants.

In addition to these two projects, I plan to continue my work with Walter Stone on the Perot project. Perot's continued presence on the political stage drives interesting questions about long-term effects of Perot on the major parties. This research could provide valuable insight into these effects.

Were it not for the IBS Graduate School Diversity Fellowship, the progress I have made on my research would not have been possible. I hope the opportunities provided by this grant will continue to be available to graduate students.

Walk the Talk Award

Elizabeth "Betsy" Moen Mathiot, an Associate Professor Sociology at the University of Colorado from 1976 to 1992, died in Madurai, India in 1993, leaving a unique legacy of scholarship and social action. In an effort to recognize and celebrate others whose work is similar in spirit to Dr. Moen's, the Feminist Scholars in Sociology, of which Betsy was a member, is taking nominations for the 1997 Walk the Talk Award. Nominees may be faculty, staff, graduate, or undergraduate students doing sociological work (although they need not be working in the Sociology Department). You may nominate yourself or someone else. Consult the bulletin board in IBS #1 for application and further information. The application deadline is February 28, 1997.

Funding Opportunities

Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences
The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) is accepting nominations for nine- to twelve-month residential postdoctoral fellowships. Usually 45-50 fellowships are awarded annually to scientists and scholars of proven accomplishment or exceptional promise. Nominations may be submitted anytime and the selection is a lengthy process, with the roster for any given year prepared more than a year in advance. For more information contact: Robert Scott, Associate Director, CASBS, 202 Junipero Blvd., Stanford, CA 94305. Phone: 415-321-2052. Fax: 415-321-1192.

Dean's Small Grants

Dean's Small Grants are competitive awards, sponsored by the CU Graduate School, that support the research, scholarship, and creative work of graduate students. The grants range from $100 to a maximum of $750. Any full-time graduate student in good standing and making adequate progress toward a degree on the Boulder campus may apply for an award. Almost any type of research or creative project may be funded. Projects directly related to work on a master's thesis or doctoral dissertation generally receive priority, although other projects also receive funding. Consult the bulletin board in IBS #1 for application materials or contact Maryellen Ancell or Mike Hinojosa in the Graduate School, Regent 308, 492-7401. The application deadline is February 14, 1997.

Research Proposals

Problem Behavior Program

David H. Huizinga and Delbert S. Elliott
Understanding delinquency: a longitudinal multi-disciplinary study of developmental patterns
DOJ, 10/01/96 - 03/31/97, $120,089, renewal

Population Processes Program

Fred C. Pampel
Public support for government programs
NIH, 01/01/98 - 12/31/98, $37,994. new

Fred C. Pampel and S. Steinmo
The changing context of tax policy
NSF, 01/01/98 - 12/31/98, $127,583, new

Richard G. Rogers
Collaborative research: socio-economic status and adult mortality
NSF, 06/01/97 - 05/31/99, $72,268, new

James O. Huff
Patterns of Latino concentration in Southwestern cities
NSF, 06/15/97 - 06/14/99, $177,398, new

Problem Behavior Program

Megan A. Lewis and Lynae Darbes
Influence on HIV risk behavior in gay male couples
NHI, 07/01/97 - 04/30/98, $20,858, new

Environment and Behavior Program

J. Terrence McCabe
Land use change in East African savannas: A case study of northern Tanzania
CSU, 07/01/97 - 06/30/00, $38,861. new

Kenneth M. Strzepek and S.J. Smith
Integrated assessment of greenhouse gas trading (The comprehensive approach and other schemes)
EPA, 07/01/97 - 06/30/00, $153,648, new

Dennis S. Mileti
A clearinghouse for natural hazards research and applications
NSF, 02/01/97 - 08/31/97, $5,000, supplement

Political and Economic Change Program

James R. Scarritt
Sustaining transitions to democracy and the potential for democratic consolidation in Sub-Saharan Africa
NSF, 07/01/97 - 08/31/99, $199,759, new

Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.

January 1997 IBS Newsletter

The next issue of the IBS Newsletter will be published the first week of April 1997.

Illana Zhenya Gallon, Newsletter Editor Emeritus
Sugandha Brooks, Newsletter Editor

Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Director

Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147