Examination and Study Questions for GIS Policy

  1. Essay Questions
  2. Short Answer
  3. Multiple-choice

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1. Essay Questions

Limit each essay to two double-spaced typewritten pages plus references.

  1. Does the State of Texas need a GIS policy?

  2. What problems stand in the way of international GIS projects, and can these problems ever be surmounted?

  3. Does the United States have or need a national GIS policy?

  4. What factors have prevented or delayed the establishment of a state-wide GIS policy and strategic plan for Texas?

  5. To what extent can GIS both support and undercut principles of freedom of information?

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2. Short Answer

Limit your answers to no more than 100 words.

  1. What is the meaning of the term "informational mosaic" and what are its dangers?

  2. At what levels of government (local, state, national) do arguments for coordination of GIS projects have value, and why?

  3. Why are government agencies adopting a "clearinghouse" model for the distribution of shared data rather than creating a central archive?

  4. List four problems that arise in attempts to apply GIS analysis to international environmental and economic issues?

  5. How might the Internet be used to improve access to publicly available digital databases and maps produced by federal and state government agencies?

  6. In what situations might high quality GIS data and systems be ignored by decision makers and why?

  7. List four ways in which the development of digital datasets are making it increasingly difficult to apply the Freedom of Information Act of 1966.

  8. Why would one argue against the standardization of GIS software and hardware systems across all levels of government?

  9. Why have some nations greatly restricted access to the Internet?

  10. How does public access to use of Britain's Ordnance Survey files differ from that of USGS files?

  11. List two of several steps the State of Texas has taken to develop state-wide GIS policy?

  12. In 1984 in Britain, the Chorley Commission concluded that most problems with GIS were non-technical in nature and recommended little government action. Do these same conclusions apply to GIS in the US?

  13. What are two potential benefits of the virtual classroom or virtual university?

  14. What are two examples of why we should be concerned with privacy in the context of GIS?

  15. How might GIS and other information technologies such as the Internet lead to more effective, efficient, and responsive government? How might these technologies act in the opposite way?

  16. At the federal level, how has freedom of access to information been redefined to accommodate new digital formats?

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3. Multiple-choice questions

Choose the best or most appropriate answer(s) to the question.

  1. Which of the following stages best describes the situation of GIS at the state level in Texas?

    1. Initiation
    2. Contagion
    3. Coordination and control
    4. Integration

  2. What factors stand in the way of the development of state-wide GIS policy in Texas?

    1. Lack of a state agency responsible for information and computer technology
    2. Competition among state agencies for limited funds
    3. Lack of GIS standards
    4. The physical size of the state
    5. Lack of suitable software and hardware
    6. Cost

  3. According to John C.Antenucci et al (1991) in Chapter 1 Geographic Information Systems: A guide to the Technology, what issues are likely to constrain the spread of GIS technology?

    1. The absence of cost-effective methods for constructing large databases.
    2. The incompatibility of digital data created using different GIS and mapping systems.
    3. The prevalence of low-cost micro computers rather than "turn-key" systems.
    4. Institutional factors such as unrealistic expectations from GIS.
    5. "Turf wars" between government agencies.
    6. The falling price of computer disk space.

  4. What lessons were learned from the CORINE project?

    1. GIS is still unsuited to regional environmental planning
    2. The quality of data sources is of prime concern in assembling international GIS databases
    3. Map coverage varies radically by country
    4. High quality environmental data is available for developed countries, but is time consuming to convert into digital form

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Created on 6 January 96. Revised on 5 February 2000. LNC