Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations, Stanford University’s Hoover Institution • Senior Fellow for China Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

New York City, New York

Elizabeth Economy is a senior fellow for China studies at the Council on Foreign Relations and a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. She directs a transatlantic dialogue as the Richard C Holbrooke fellow at the American Academy in Berlin.

Dr. Economy is an acclaimed author and expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy. Her most recent book, The Third Revolution: Xi Jinping and the New Chinese State, was shortlisted for the Lionel Gelber Prize. She is also the author of By All Means Necessary: How China’s Resource Quest is Changing the World with Michael Levi, and The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China’s FutureThe River Runs Black was named one of the top fifty sustainability books in 2008 by the University of Cambridge, won the 2005 International Convention on Asia Scholars award for the best social science book published on Asia, and was listed as one of the top ten books of 2004 by the Globalist, as well as one of the best business books of 2010 by Booz Allen Hamilton’s strategy+business magazine. Economy also coedited China Joins the World: Progress and Prospects (Council on Foreign Relations Press, with Michel Oksenberg, 1999) and The Internationalization of Environmental Protection (Cambridge University Press, with Miranda Schreurs, 1997). Her new book The World According to China (Polity Press, 2021) will be released in the coming year.

She has published articles in foreign policy and scholarly journals including Foreign AffairsForeign Policy, and Harvard Business Review, and op-eds in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post, among others. Dr. Economy is a frequent guest on nationally broadcast television and radio programs, has testified before Congress on numerous occasions, and regularly consults for U.S. government agencies and companies. She writes about topics involving China on CFR’s Asia program blog, Asia Unbound, which is syndicated by In June 2018, Dr. Economy was named one of the "10 Names That Matter on China Policy" by Politico Magazine.

Dr. Economy serves on the board of managers of Swarthmore College and the board of trustees of the Asia Foundation and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. She has also served on the advisory council of Network 20/20 and the science advisory council of the Stockholm Environment Forum. Previously, she was a member of the Global Agenda Council on the United States at the World Economic Forum (WEF) from 2014 to 2016 and served as a member and then vice chair of WEF’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of China from 2008 to 2014. Dr. Economy has also served on the board of the China-U.S. Center for Sustainable Development. She has taught undergraduate and graduate-level courses at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University's Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, and the University of Washington’s Jackson School of International Studies.

Dr. Economy received her BA with honors from Swarthmore College, her AM from Stanford University, and her PhD from the University of Michigan. In 2008, she received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Vermont Law School. She lives in New York City with her husband and three children.