University Licensing in Colorado Competitive with National Findings of AUTM Survey
By: Kristin Baulsir
The Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM) recently released their seventh annual survey reporting the economic activity for university licensing. Among their findings, they reported that 1997 was a productive year for technology transfer and licensing activity from colleges and universities. The AUTM survey released data from 175 U.S. universities, hospitals, nonprofit research institutions, patent management firms and Canadian institutions and reports that some $30 billion of economic activity and 250,000 jobs each year are attributed to commercializing academic innovation.
From a national level, the latest report offers new numbers on operational start-up companies formed through licensing and technologies commercialized from academic tech transfer. The value of compiling numbers for these companies and organizations is to obtain estimates of survival rate of license-based start-up companies as well as the rate at which they introduce new technologies to the marketplace. The survey also reported data on technologies that were made available through licensing based on a large sample of institutions.
For a state perspective, we can compare the findings to the numbers that local universities and institutions reported for FY1997 and FY1998. How do Colorado's universities and institutions measure up to the findings to the national activity?
According to key contacts Dian Kammeyer of the Colorado State University (CSU) Research Foundation, Ross Breyfogle of Holme Roberts &Owen LLP for the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) and Kathryn Marigold of the University Technology Corporation for CU, Colorado institutions participated in licensing technologies, filing patent applications and report total gross income from licenses and options in FY1997 and FY1998. At a local level, we can get an idea of where Colorado institutions and universities fit in to the national average.
The AUTM survey found that 4,267 patent applications were filed by respondents in FY1997, up 31 % from 3,261 filed in 1996. According to Breyfogle CSM holds 11 patents. He reported 2 patent applications were filed in FY1997 and 5 were filed in 1998, an increase of 150%. According to Ms. Kammeyer, CSU holds 54 patents. CSU reported that 8 patents were filed in 1997 and 15 were filed in 1998, an increase of 87.5%. UTC reported a slight decline from 77 patent applications filed in 1997, to 62 filed in 1998.
Of the 175 institutions, AUTM said that 88 institutions reported a total of 383 licensed technologies that became available in 1997. Of these 88 survey participants, data was provided from 41 participants for 169 of the licenses. AUTM found that 73% of the licenses were reported for commercial and industrial use. CSM reports that of the 10 licenses that are currently in effect, all are for commercial and industrial use. Compared to the national statistics for the number of current licenses in effect, CSU reported that 42 licenses were in effect, and all were for commercial and industrial use. No data was available from CU-UTC.
AUTM also reports that there were 3,328 new licenses and options executed in 1997. CSM executed 3 licenses in 1997, 9 were executed by CSU. Both respondents reported that 1998 numbers for new licenses and options went down, with CSU reporting 8, and Mines, 2. CU-UTC reported that 59 new licenses and options were executed in 1997 and 45 in 1998.
CSM reported that the total gross income from licenses and options in FY1997 was about $100,000, CSU reported that the total gross income from licenses and options in FY1997 was $638,667. According to University Technology Corporation (UTC), the total gross income from licenses and options in FY 1997 was $3.55 million, and in 1998 the gross income rose to $4.33 million.
[If you would like a copy of the AUTM survey, call (203) 845-9015]
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