Lesson Five - Part Two
Details on Questions


When a verb starts with h-, the pronunciation is a little different from what you might expect. Using the rules above, with hinono’eini- ‘to be Arapaho,’ you might expect a question to look like:


*** Koo-he-hinono’ein? ‘Are you Arapaho?’


But in fact, the h- at the beginning of the verb just disappears, so the actual question is:


Play  Koo-he-inono’ein? ‘Are you Arapaho?’


This happens with first and second persons, but not with third person:


Play  koo-ne-inono’ein ‘Am I Arapaho?’
Play  koo-he-esnee ‘Are you hungry?
Play  koo-ne-esnee ‘Am I hungry?’
Play  But: koo-hesnee ‘Is s/he hungry’


Notice that you have to pay very close attention to the difference between the following questions:


Play  koo-he-esnee ‘Are you hungry?
Play  But: koo-hesnee ‘Is s/he hungry’


With third person, however, there’s sometimes another change: vowel harmony gets involved when the verb begins with hi-. So instead of:


*** Koo-hinono’ein? ‘Is she Arapaho?’


You get the following, with -i- turning into -u-:


Koo-unono’ein?kuunono’ein ‘Is she Arapaho?’



Go on to Part Three of this Lesson