Lesson Nineteen - Part Two
Proximate/Obviate with Nouns



Nouns change their form to indicate obviative or proximate status:


hinén = man (prox) hinén(i)nó' = men (prox)
hinénin = man (obv) hinén(i)no = men (obv)
hísei = woman (prox) híseino' = women (prox)
hísein = woman (obv) híseino = women (obv)


Here are two examples of sentences with nouns in them:


Néhe' hísei ceebísee-t, 'oh núhu' hinén-in nííhi'kóóhu-ní3.
This woman(prox) is walking, but this other man(obv, less important) is running.
Hísei-no' nii'í3ecóó-3i', 'oh hinén-ino teneení3ecoo-ní3i.
The women(prox) are happy, but the other men(obv) are sad.

Proximate/Obviative with

Adjectives/Descriptive Verbs


Whenever adjective-like verbs occur, there is agreement between the adjective verb and the noun:


néhe’ bee’éíhi-t he3
This red-3 dog(obv)
'This red dog'

núhu’ bee’éíhi-ní3 hé3-ebii
This red-4 dog(obv)
'This other red dog'



Go on to Part Three of this Lesson