OTPIC Officially Retired

As of December 2, 2005, the Online Training Program on Intractable Conflict (OTPIC) has been officially retired, and is no longer open to new registrations.

The successor to OTPIC is a course called Dealing Constructively with Intractable Conflicts (DCIC). The new curriculum is built around one of our major projects, Beyond Intractability, and offers a much more extensive and informative set of learning materials than that available through OTPIC.

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International Online Training Program On Intractable Conflict

Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado, USA

All or Nothing Approach

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Sometimes disputants will refuse to consider any type of mutually beneficial agreement or relationship until the core intractable issues have been resolved. Usually, they hope that withholding normal relations will pressure an opponent into making concessions. While this strategy may be effective, it also blocks the relationship-building activities which can provide a basis for constructively addressing the core issues.

A similar problem is that disputants may be unwilling to pursue a short-term agreement and partial victory, because they fear that such an approach would undermine their long-term prospects of achieving their goals. Thus they take an all-or-nothing approach. They insist that the opponent be willing to make major concessions before they are even willing to open negotiations.


Examples of the All-or-Nothing Problem:

Gareth Evans -- Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait in 1990: A Failure to use Preventive Diplomacy
Evans argues that one of the reasons preventive diplomacy failed in this case is that both Iraq and Kuwait insisted on major concessions before they were willing to negotiate.


Links to Possible Treatments for This Problem:

Identifying and Pursuing Negotiable Sub-Issues



Links to Related Problems:

Refusal to Negotiate

Limits to Agreement: Better Alternatives

Copyright 1998 Conflict Research Consortium  -- Contact: crc@colorado.edu