OTPIC Officially Retired

As of December 2, 2005, the Online Training Program on Intractable Conflict (OTPIC) has been officially retired, and is no longer open to new registrations.

The successor to OTPIC is a course called Dealing Constructively with Intractable Conflicts (DCIC). The new curriculum is built around one of our major projects, Beyond Intractability, and offers a much more extensive and informative set of learning materials than that available through OTPIC.

Conflict Research Consortium ARTICLE SUMMARY

"Unilateral Forgiveness Proves Ineffective in Nicaraguan Political Conflict"


Dennis Sandole and Hugo van der Merwe

Citation: Dennis Sandole and Hugo van der Merwe. Conflict Resolution Theory and Practice.

This article summary written by: Mariya Yevsyukova, Conflict Research Consortium.

In 1979 Sandinista Interior minister Thomas Borge released over 5000 imprisoned national guardsmen. He extended personal forgiveness to two of the guardsmen who had previously tortured Borge himself and raped and murdered Borge's wife. Most of the released guardsmen promptly fled to Honduras and joined the anti-Sandinista forces there. In this case forgiveness failed to produce reconciliation.

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