Carl Lineberger
Distinguished Professor

Office: JILA A810
Lab: JILA B021, B028, B031
Lab Phone: 303-492-7764, 303-492-7768, 303-492-7770


BEE, 1961, Georgia Institute of Technology
MSEE, 1963, Georgia Institute of Technology
Ph.D., 1965, Georgia Institute of Technology

Areas of Expertise

Reaction Dynamics

Awards and Honors

Peter Debye Award in Physical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2003-04American Chemical Society Irving Langmuir Prize in Chemical Physics, 1995American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1995American Physical Society Earle K. Plyler Prize, 1992William F. Meggers Prize, Optical Society of America, 1988Bomem-Michelson Prize, 1987University of Colorado Faculty Research Lecturer, 1982J. S. Guggenheim Fellow, 1981-82Herbert P. Broida Prize in Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy or Chemical Physics,American Physical Society, 1981Member, National Academy of Sciences, 1983Faculty Fellow, University of Colorado, 1975-76, 1981-82, 1984Camille and Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar, 1975-80Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow, 1972-75

Professor Lineberger is interested in the structure and stability of ions and free radicals, photoelectron spectroscopy of anions, and photophysics and dynamics of cluster ions. The experimental methods all involve the interaction of laser radiation with mass-selected ion beams. Though they all work in concert, the experiments used by Professor Lineberger can be divided in three groups:

First, the absorption of light by a negative ion produces an electron-neutral complex in a total energy state defined by the photon energy. The Lineberger group utilizes this concept in a tunable laser photodetachment machine to probe electron-neutral interactions with unprecedented resolution (10-8 eV). This technique allows the researchers to probe vibration and rotation to electronic coupling, for example, in the autodetachment of PtN. The rotational and vibrational mode dependence of autodetachment rates of dipole bound excited states of C3H2- is another area of current interest.

A second method to probe negative ion structure is via photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions. This approach also provides direct information on the structure and internal energy of the neutral species produced in the photodetachment process. The group can study species that have only a fleeting existence, such as vinylidene, H2CC. Systems of current interest include diradicals, a variety of carbenes, and transition metal clusters. Future projects include studies of adsorbates on transition metal clusters.

Another area of interest is the photophysics of both positive and negative cluster ions. Photofragmentation of clusters, e.g., (CO2)n+, (CO2)n, I2-(CO2)n and Arn+, has been studied recently. The time-resolved photodissociation and recombination of clusters such as I2-(CO2)n, I2-(N2O)n and I2-(OCS)n are being pursued using femtosecond lasers.

"Ion Chemistry of 1H-1,2,3-Triazole. 2. Photoelectron Spectrum of the Iminodiazomethyl Anion and Collision Induced Dissociation of the 1,2,3-Triazolide Ion," J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9723–30 (2008), with Takatoshi Ichino, Scott W. Wren, and Veronica M. Bierbaum.

"The vibronic level structure of the cyclopentadienyl radical,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 084310 (19 pages) 2008, with Takatoshi Ichino, Scott W. Wren, Kristen M. Vogelhuber, Adam J. Gianola, and John F. Stanton.

"Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of photodissociated IBr-(CO2)0-4,"  in preparation, with Leonid Sheps and Elisa Miller

"Photodissociation Dynamics of IBr-(CO2)n: Solvent-induced trapping in the A' 2π state," J. Chem. Phys. in press (2008), with Matthew A. Thompson, Joshua P. Martin, Joshua Darr, and Robert Parson.

“Gas-Phase Reactions of Halogenated Radical Carbene Anions with Sulfur and Oxygen Containing Species,” Int. J. Mass Spectrom. published on Web (2008), with Stephanie M. Villano, Nicole Eyet, and Veronica M. Bierbaum.

“Gas-Phase Carbene Radical Anions: New Mechanistic Insights, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (Comm. Ed.) 130, 7214-5 (2008), with Stephanie M. Villano, Nicole Eyet, and Veronica M.  Bierbaum.

“Ion Chemistry of 1H-1,2,3-Triazole,” J. Phys. Chem B 112, 545-67 (2008), with Takatoshi  Ichino, Django H. Andrews, G. Jeffery Rathbone, Fuminori Misaizu, Ryan M. D. Calvi, Scott W. Wren, Shuji Kato, and Veronica M. Bierbaum.

“Thermochemical Studies of N-methylpyrazole and N-methylimidazole,” J. Phys. Chem A 111, 879-887 (2007), with Stephanie M. Villano, Adam J. Gianola, Nicole Eyet, Takatoshi Ichino, Shuji Kato and Veronica M. Bierbaum.

“Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy of copper hydrides,” Chem Phys. Lett. 442, (12-16) 2007, with Ryan M.D. Calvi and Django H. Andrews.

“Structure of the Vinyldiazomethyl Anion and Energetic Comparison to the Cyclic Isomers,” J Phys. Chem. A 111, 8374-83 (2007), with Takatoshi Ichino, Adam J. Gianola, Shuji Kato, and Veronica M. Bierbaum.

“Femtosecond dynamics of Cu(CD3OD),” J. Chem. Phys. 126, 084307 [10 pages] (2007), with Jack Barbera, Samantha Horvath, Vladimir Dribinski, and  Anne B. McCoy.

“Spectroscopic characterization of the isolated SF6 − and C4F8 − anions: Observation of very long harmonic progressions in symmetric deformation modes upon photodetachment.”   J. Phys. Chem. A.111, 1214 -1221 (2007), with Joseph Bopp, Joseph Roscioli, Mark Johnson, Thomas Miller, Albert Viggiano, Stephanie Villano and Scott Wren.   

“Nonadiabatic effects in the photoelectron spectrum of the pyrazolide-d3 anion: Three-state interactions in the pyrazolyl-d3 radical,” J. Chem. Phys. 125,

“Time-resolved study of solvent-induced recombination in photodissociated IBr−(CO2)n clusters,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 133405 [7 pages] (2006), with Vladimir Dribinski, Jack Barbera, Joshua P. Martin, Annette Svendsen, Matthew A. Thompson and Robert Parson.

"Photodissociation dynamics of IBr−(CO2)n, n<15", J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054307 (11 pages) (2005), with T. J. Sanford, S.-Y. Han, M. A. Thompson, and R. Parson. S. Taylor, J. Barbera, C.-P. Schulz, F. Muntean, and A. B. McCoy.

“Photoelectron Spectra and Ion Chemistry of Imidazolide,” J. Phys. Chem. A. 109, 11504­11514 (2005), with A. J. Gianola, T. Ichino, R. L. Hoenigman,  S. Kato, and V. M. Bierbaum.

"Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Phosphorus Hydride Anions", J. Chem. Phys. 122, 054310 [11 pages] (2005), with K. M. Ervin.

"Photoelectron spectroscopy of AuO− and AuS−", J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 11307-13 (2004), with T. Ichino, A. J. Gianola, and D. H. Andrews.

“Thermochemistry and Electronic Structure of the Pyrrolyl Radical,” J. Phys. Chem A. 108, 10326-35 (2004), with A.J. Gianola, T. Ichino, R.L. Hoenigman, S. Kato and V.M. Bierbaum.

“Cluster anions: Structure, interactions, and dynamics in the sub-nanoscale regime,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 2018-2032 (2004), with Andrei Sanov.

"Time resolved solvent rearrangement dynamics," Faraday Discussions 127, 383-94 (2004), with T. Sanford, D. Andrews, J. Rathbone, M. S. Taylor, F. Muntean, M. Thompson, A. B. McCoy and R. Parson.

W.C. Lineberger, K.M. Ervin, I. Anusiewicz, P. Skurski and J. Simons, "The only stable state of O2- is the X2IIg ground state and it (still!) has an adiabatic electron detachment energy of 0.45 eV", submitted to J. Chem. Phys., (2003).

W.C. Lineberger and A. Sanov, "Dynamics of cluster anions: a detailed look at condensed-phase interactions", PhysChemComm5(25), 165-177, (2002).

W.C. Lineberger, M.R. Nimlos, G. Davico, C.M. Geise, P.G. Wenthold, S.J. Blanksby, C.M. Hadad, G.A. Petersson and G.B. Ellison, "Photoelectron spectroscopy of HCCN-and HCNC- reveals the quasilinear triplet carbenes, HCCN and HCNC", J. Chem. Phys.117, 4323-4339, (2002).

Carl Lineberger, Adam Gianola and Django Andrews, "On the Photoelectron Spectrum of AgO", J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4074-6 (2002).

W.C. Lineberger, X. Duan, L. W. Burggraf, D. E. Weeks, G. E. Davico, and R. L. Schwartz, "Photoelectron spectroscopy of Si2C3- and quantum chemistry of the linear Si2C3 cluster and its isomers", J. Chem. Phys.116(9), 3601-11 (2002).

W.C. Lineberger, T. M. Ramond, S. J. Blanksby, S. Kato, V. M. Bierbaum, G. E. Davico, R. L. Schwartz, and G. B. Ellison, "The Heat of Formation of the Hydroperoxyl Radical HOO via negative Ions", J. Phys. Chem.106, 9641-47 (2002).

W.C. Lineberger, T. M. Ramond, G. E. Davico, F. Hellberg, F. Svedberg, P. Salén, and P. Söderqvist, "Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Nickel, Palladium, and Platinum Oxide Anions,"J. Mol. Spectrosc., 216, 1-14, (2002).

Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering (Modern Physics, Atomic Collisions) Georgia Institute of Technology, March-June, 1965Research Physicist (Atmos. Phys.), U. S. Army Ballistic Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 1965-68Research Associate, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 1968-70Member, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 1970-71Fellow of JILA, 1971-presentAssistant Professor, Chemistry, University of Colorado, 1970-72Associate Professor, Chemistry, University of Colorado, 1972-74Professor, Chemistry, University of Colorado, 1974-85Visiting Professor, Stanford University, 1982Visiting Professor, University of Chicago, 1982Chair, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 1985-86E. U. Condon Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, University of Colorado, 1985-present

National Academy of Sciences, 1983American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1995>American Physical Society, FellowAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science, FellowSigma XiAmerican Chemical SocietyOptical Society of America

Associate Editor, Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 1974-1982Correspondent, Comments on Atomic and Molecular Physics, 1975-1985Associate Editor, Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 1974-1982Correspondent, Comments on Atomic and Molecular Physics, 1975-1985Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Chemical Physics, 1979-1982Advisory Board, Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1988-1991Editorial Advisory Board, Chemical Reviews, 1990-1993Editorial Advisory Board, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1991-1998Editorial Advisory Board, Molecular Physics, 1999-2004Editorial Advisory Board, ChemPhysChem, 2000-2004Associate Editor, Chemical Physics Letters, 1982-presentAdvisory Editorial Board, Chemical Physics, May 1983-present

Hanon Rosenthal Lecturer, Yale and Columbia Universities, 1977Frontiers in Chemistry Lecturer, Wayne State University, 1978Distinguished Visitor Lectures, University of California, Irvine, 1980Distinguished Visitor Lectures, University of Rochester, 1981Distinguished Visiting Professor Lectures, University of Florida, 1982Distinguished Speaker, University of Utah, 1983Distinguished Visiting Professor Lectures, North Dakota State University, 1985Distinguished Visitor Lectures, Northwestern University, 1985FMC Lecturer, Princeton University, 1985Fred M. Garland Memorial Lecturer, Texas A&M University, 1987Jonathan Rohrig Distinguished Lecturer, Carleton College, 1988Phi Beta Kappa National Visiting Scholar, 1988-89Centennial Lecturer, University of New Mexico, 1989Davidson Lecturer, University of Kansas, 1990George B. Kistiakowsky Lecturer, Harvard University, 1992Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Florida, 1993George C. Pimentel Lecturer, University of California, Berkeley, 1993Reilly Lecturer, Notre Dame University, 1994Welch Symposium Lecturer, 1994Joseph Franklin Lecturer, Rice University, 1994W. M. Spicer Memorial Lecturer, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1995Bircher Lecturer, Vanderbilt University, 1995Richard Lord Lecturer, MIT, April, 1996Centennial Lecturer, University of Texas at Austin, 1997Stauffer Distinguished Lecturer in Chemistry, University of Southern California, 1997Sierra Nevada Distinguished Chemist, American Chemical Society, 1997C. R. Mueller Lecturer, Purdue University, 1998Moses Gomberg Lecturer, University of Michigan, March, 1999Frontiers of Science Lecturer, Texas A & M, April, 1999Gordon Lecturer, University of Toronto, May, 1999Baker Series Lectures, Cornell University, 1999E. W. McDaniel Memorial Lecture, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1999Mary Kapp Lecturer, Virginia Commonwealth University, March 2000Hyp Dauben Lecturer, University of Washington, May 2000W. L. Evans Lecturer, Ohio State University, October, 2001G. L. Closs Lecturer, University of Chicago, 2003W. A. Noyes Distinguished Lecturer, University of Texas at Austin, 2004R. S. Berry Lecturer, ?Lasers: The Light Fantastic,? Telluride Town Extravaganza, Pinhead Institute, 2005Lyle Ramsay Dawson Lecturer, University of Kentucky, 2005Robert Hansen Lecturer, Iowa State University, 2005Fredrick Kauffman Lecturer, University of Pittsburgh, 2006John Stauffer Lecturer, Stanford University, 2008

General Committee, International Conference on Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions, 1973-77National Academy of Sciences, Advisory Committee to the Army Research Office, 1979-82Member, National Academy of Sciences Committee on Atomic and Molecular Science, 1979-82External Advisory Committee, Department of Chemistry, University of New Mexico, 1980Advisory Committee, National Science Foundation, Division of Chemistry, 1980-83Chairman, Advisory Committee to the San Francisco Regional Laser Center, 1980-1985Vice Chairman, Division of Chemical Physics, American Physical Society, 1981-82Chairman, Division of Chemical Physics, American Physical Society, 1982-83Chairman, Advisory Committee, Health and Safety Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1982-86NAS Advisory Committee for National Standard Reference Data Program, 1983-89National Research Council Board on Physics and Astronomy, 1983-88Vice Chair, Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, American Physical Society 1986 Chair, Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, American Physical Society, 1987Chair, Science and Technology Centers Advisory Committee, National Science Foundation, 1987-1991Board of Directors, University of Toronto Laser and Lightwave Research Center, 1988-1993National Research Council Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, 1989-1994Member, Advisory Committee, Canadian Centers of Excellence in Molecular Dynamics, 1991- 1994Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, Department of Energy, 1991-1996Chair, Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, Department of Energy, 1993-96Vice Chair and Chair Elect, Topical Group on Laser Science, American Physical Society, 1992-1994Chair, Topical Group on Laser Science, American Physical Society, 1994-1995Chair, Section of Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences 1993-1996Chair, NSF Science and Technology Centers Advisory Committee, 1996Co-Chair, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Applications, NationalResearch Council, 1996-2000Member, Physics Policy Committee, American Physical Society, 1995-1998Member, Council on Chemical Science, Department of Energy, 1996-1999Chair, NAS Officers Nomination Committee, 1996-1997Chair, Membership, Section of Chemistry, American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1999-2001Member, Task Force on Reorganization of National Research Council, 1999-2000Member, Council of the American Physical Society, 1999-2003Member, Governing Board, National Research Council, 1996-2000Chair, National Science Foundation AMO Physics Study Panel, 2000Foreign Councilor, Institute of Molecular Sciences, Okazaki National Research Institutes, Okazaki, Japan, 2001-2003Chair, American Physical Society Prize and Awards Committee 2002-2004Member, Council of the National Academy of Sciences, 2003-2006Chair, National Science Foundation Mathematical and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee, 2003-2006Member, Governing Board, National Research Council, 2003-2007Member, National Academy of Sciences Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy, 2003-2009National Science Foundation Waterman Prize Selection Committee, 2006-2008Council, American Association for Advancement of Science, 2007-2010Chair, Search Committee for Editor of Journal of Chemical Physics