ho’oowuu’

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
-booo/bo’o road, trail  
-hooxeb spring  
-koh’owu’ stream  
heet- where...  
-ho’oooyoo’ rocky area; mountain range  
-iini’ ‘there is/are...here’  
-niicie river  
-niiciihehe’ little river  
niit- where...  
-nooxeb spring  
-notoyoo’ moutain  
-no’oowu’ house, lodge  
-okoy lodge/den  
-oobe’ earth, dirt  
-oowu’ lodge (forms nouns)  
-oowu’ water (forms verbs)  
-oo’oe’ brush  
-otoyoo’ mountain  
-ni3esoo’ pass  
-ni’ec lake  
tih- when/where...  
toh- when/where...  
-uuni’ same as -iini’  
-’ ’the place where...is’  
ni’ec lake  
ni’ec-i’ at the lake  
booo/bo’o road  
booo-ne’/bo’o-ne’ at the road  
ho’oowu’ house  
ho’oowuu’ at the house  

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
híí3o-’ow-úutéé’ camp on flat land general
hí3o-’owú’ flat land general

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
3i’eyoo-no ceremonial or memorial monuments general
neenkouut-e’ it is marshy general
nénebííhi’ in the north general

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
hooxeihiinenii beiinese’ Pawnee fort Arapaho Peak
hoxeenii-niicie? flint river Arkansas River
hoheenii-niicie?   Arkansas River
hoo’ohee-niicie? [Life of Mrs White Bear]   Arkansas River
heeyeisoo-no’ toh-’ouu-3i’ where young falcons hang (in the wind) Baker Pass, west of RMNP
nookhooseii’iini’ there is sagebrush Ball Park, Grand County
nookooheii-koh’owu’ sagebrush creek Ball Park - creek in the area
heetoh-so’owu’ where the land is flat Bartholf Park and Flats, RMNP (near Tuxedo Park)
heetoh-so’esoo’ where it is flat Bartholf Park and Flats, RMNP (near Tuxedo Park)
bih’ihii-ko’owu’ mule deer creek Beaver Creek, near RMNP
ni’ec honouute’ the lake which hangs (above the valley) Bierstadt Lake, RMNP
wox noho’kuhnee-t where a bear was chased up (the mountain) Bierstadt Moraine area, RMNP
boo’-oowu’ red water Big Beaver River, RMNP
toonooxuutee’ big meadow Big Meadows, RMNP
hiiico’o the pipe Big Thompson River
hiicoonoot pipe making Big Thompson River
biisee3 tih’ii-kou’uni’ where blue ceremonial paint was gathered Blue River, near Kremmling
héétoh-bíí3oonóó’ where it is steep Boulder area
híí3einóón níit-bíí3ihí-3i’ hoh’éni’ buffalos where they graze on the mountain [?] Boulder area
noowóo3-ííteen Left Hands band [?] Boulder area
ce’eiinoonoohoet rawhide dish Boulder Creek, RMNP
konook-oo’oe’ thick brush Buckhorn River
“Buffalo Mountains” (Toll, p. 22)   Buffalo Mountains (Medicine Bow Mts in area of Rawah Wild. Area?)
heneecei-3esoo’ buffalo pass Buffalo Pass, between North Park and Laramie Trail
heneecei-booo buffalo trail Buffalo Pass, between North Park and Laramie Trail
beteesbiit fasting/vision quest Buffalo Pass, between North Park and Laramie Trail
“Lake Creek” (Toll, p. 23)   Buffalo Pass, Big Lake Creek, lake nearby
niiinon the tepee Bullfrog Rock and Sheep Rock, along West Creek, RMNP
heneecee tih-tebiini3ee-t the buffalo bull with a broken horn Bullfrog Rock, beneath it, along West Creek, RMNP
hebesii tih’ii-woo3ee-3i’ where there are many beavers Cabin Creek, Boulder County, RMNP
ho’oowu’ heetou’ where a house is located Cache la Poudre River, Fort Collins area
hokooxúú-niiciihéhe’ tipi pole creek [?] Cache la Poudre River, Fort Collins area
ce’einox the (game) bag Cache la Poudre River, basin in eastern part of the mountains
niiinon the tepee Cascade area, RMNP - mountain southwest of there
beteee-t nono’ei the Arapahos danced there Cascade area, RMNP - creek near there
houusoo-no’ tih’ii-ceneni-3i’ where young crows are taken down (from the nest) Central City - pass near there (Berthoud Pass?)
hiwoxuu huunisoo’ the elks horn Clark’s (Mtn?), RMNP
hiwoxuu hookuhu’ee elks head Collegiate Range and Mount Massive
koo’ohwuu-niicii-hehe’ little coyote river Colorado River, northernmost fork
bes tookooxuusee’ a log lies across (the river) Colorado River, near Grand Lake
wox niicii-hehe’ little bear river Colorado River, south (main?) fork
hiinoox hoono’uu ??? Crystal Mountain, north of Estes Park
cenii3-otoyoo’ entering/inside mountain Deer Mtn, RMNP
niinenii-niicie tallow river Denver
ho’nookee-nooxeb rock spring Devil’s Washboard area, north of Estes Park
nouuteeyoono’ bone pipes Eagle Rock, near Estes Park, and School Section Rocks
neeteekoonee-niicii-hehe’ little drowning river Elk River
nenees-otoyou’u there are three mountains Estes Cone and Wind River Clifffs, RMNP
heet-ko’einoo’ where it is circular Estes Park area
cenouut-oobe’ steep land Estes Park area
hisei-booo womans trail Estes Park - north area and trail across this area
cenee-nohwoot tih-yoo-ni’ where the Sage Chicken dance was held Estes Park - small hill near Stanley Hotel
heces-iiico’o little pipe Fall River, RMNP
he3eb-booo dogs trail Fall River - trail along this river and over Millner Pass
heebe3-booo big trail Flat Top Mtn and trail over this area, RMNP
hee3éb teesí’ there on top ? Flat Top Mtn and trail over this area, RMNP
nii’eihii 3i’oku-t an eagle sits there Fort Collins, road from there towards Estes Park, beyond “Red Rocks”
benii3oonoo’ it is deep or steep Fraser River
hó3o’uu níit-ko’ús-i’i stars where they fall to earth [?] Garden of the Gods, Colorado Springs
hinenitee toh-nooxeih-t where a (giant) person left tracks Gianttrack Mtn, near RMNP
beiines heetoh-kokoyoo’ where there is a square fort Granby, hills to the west, south of Colorado River
heebe3-ni’ec big lake Grand Lake
beteen-ni’ec holy lake Grand Lake
kokuy gun Grand Lake, south point
ce’einox the (game) bag Grand Lake area
heenii-yoowuu anthills Grays Peak and Torrey’s Peak
bonoh’oon-otoyoo’ thunder peak Hallett Peak, RMNP
nii’eetei’i tih’ii-kou’uni’-i where white turnips are gathered Harm’s Peak
ciitoowuu’ inside (the lodge) Horseshoe Park area, RMNP
hooxee hookute’ wolfs canine James Peak and south of there
hiwoxuu-koh’owu’ elk creek Joe Wright Creek
koo’ohwuu-niicii-hehe’ little coyote creek Kawuneechee Valley, RMNP
hiwoxuuhuu-3o’ohcoo pounded elk meat Kawuneechee Valley - area within
niitoh-nonouhti- where we race Kawuneechee Valley - area within
toh-okooxeee-ni’ where we get tepee poles Kawuneechee Valley - area within
heebe3i-boo3etiit big battle Kawuneechee Valley - area within
heneecei-booo buffalo trail Laramie Plains
níit-kotóus-í’i where they took shelter Larimer County, rock formation along Interstate 25 near Wyoming border
hebes-okoy beaver lodge Lily Lake and Lily Mtn, RMNP
“beaver lodge mountain”   Lily Mtn, RMNP
hebes-okoy-otoyoo’.   Lily Mtn, RMNP
honooxoehebiisi’-iini’ there are bullberries there Little Beaver River, RMNP
neniis-otoyou’u there are two mountains Longs Peak and Mt. Meeker
3ee3i’otoyoo’ lumpy mountain Lumpy Ridge, RMNP
bih’ihii-koh’owu’ mule deer creek McCreary Hill and Spring, north of Estes Park
beniix-otoyou’u bald/bare mountains McHenry’s Peak to Stones Peak - ridge above timberline in RMNP
3ooxone’ at the (womans stone) hammer Medicine Bow Mountains (and River)
hooksee3oo tepee liner or protection Medicine Bow Mts, northwest-most hills
bei’i’ei-niicii-hehe’ little shell river Michigan Creek, North Park
beteesibiit fasting/vision quest Michigan Creek, spur between here and Illinois River (near Walden)
neneehii3ei’-otoyoo’ middle mountain Middle Mtn, RMNP
bih’ihii-booo mule deer trail Millner Pass, RMNP
teiiton-ni’ec calm lake Mills Lake, RMNP
bei3e’ee-no heads Mt. Alice and the peak to the west
neneb-3i’ei’itei’i they face to the north Mt. Olympus and two other mountains near RMNP
nooku-bee3ei-no white owls Mummy Range
nenonxootei’i northern bodies Mummy Range, mountains to the north of this range
hote’-itee sheeps heart Neota Mtn, near RMNP
nii-cii-biicei’i it is never summer there Never Summer Mountains
hiineniteen-otoyoo’ person mountain North and East Inlets - mountain between them, RMNP
heneecei-booo buffalo trail North Park
heneeceen-oowu’ or hii3einoon-oowu’, or heneeceen-okoy or hii3einoon-okoy Buffalo Lodge North Park, mountain on east side, near where Elk River starts
hinen toh-3i’okut where a man sits Old Man Mtn, RMNP
hoonouhut he warms himself Onahu Creek, RMNP
beexookein-okoy mountain lions den Onahu Creek - between here and Timber Creek, RMNP
wonoo3ee3i’ hookoh’o’ (newer style)   Owl Canyon area, NW of Ft. Collins along US-287
hookoh’o’ heetohwoo3ee3i’ (older style) many miller moths Owl Canyon area, NW of Ft. Collins along US-288
nihoon-oobe’ yellow ceremonial paint Owl Creek, North Park
heey-otoyoo’ long mountain Pikes Peak
hite3oun-okoy sandhill cranes lodge Porphyry Peak, west of RMNP
biixuut the shirt Prospect Mtn, near RMNP
boo’-ho’oooyoo’ red rocky area Red Rocks - area on road from Ft. Collins to Estes Park
ni’ec-i’ toh-boo3eti- the lake where we fought Rocky Mountain National Park - location in or near
notkonii-booo scouts/warriors trail Rocky Mountain National Park - trail in the area of
3ooxone’ noho’oooyoo’ the hammer mountain range Rocky Mountains
bih’ih toh-niibei’i-t where the mule deer sings Saddle Mtn, RMNP
noobei-niicie sand river Sand Creek
nii-cii-nec-iini’ never wet river [Kroeber - Name-Changing Prayer] Sand Creek
nii’eihii-nohuux eagles nest Sawtooth Mtn, west of RMNP
niisootoxu-3i’ heetoh-wo’teeneihi-3i’ where seven Utes (were defeated) Sawtooth Mtn, west of there
beniis-otoyoo’ hairy (pine-covered) mountain Shadow Mtn, Echo Mtn, and Lookout Mtn, RMNP
tih-noo’oeenootee’ ni’ec-i’ where there was a camp around a lake Sheep Mtn, a lake nearby, in RMNP [or Sheep Mtn?]
toxu’oo’ husei to’uut sharp womans hammer Signal Mtn, north of Estes Park
honooxoen-otoyoo’ wolf mountain Signal Peak, along Cache la Poudre River
niinenii-niicie tallow river South Platte River
heetoh-xouu’oo’ where it smokes Specimen Mtn, RMNP
neniikote’eit neh’eih-t where Bushy Head was killed Steamboat Springs, nearby
heneecee tees-noho’kuhnee-t where a buffalo bull was chased up on top (of the mountain) Steep Mountain, RMNP (near Tuxedo Park, later renamed Gianttrack Mountain?)
wox-eihtoo bears paw Stones Peak, Mt Julian, and area between them, RMNP
wox-se’eihtoo bears foot Stones Peak, Mt Julian, and area between them, RMNP
bih’ihii-koh’owu’ mule deer creek Strawberry Creek, near RMNP
ce’einox the (game) bag Strawberry Creek area
wox-otonou’u bears ears Strawberry Peak and a neighboring one
hiwoxuu tih-kootoo’ni-3i’ where elk are trapped Strawberry Peak, south of there
hiikono the lungs Table Mountain
3owonooxowoo the (hair) bangs Taylor Peak, RMNP
hii3einoon toh-ouuhu-t where a buffalo herd climbed up Thatchtop Mtn, RMNP
hee3éb-teesí’ towards the top Thatchtop Mtn, RMNP
bonoh’ooo-ni3esoo’ thunder pass Thunder Pass, RMNP
tei’yoon-booo childs trail Trail Ridge trail and area, RMNP
ti’iinenii cebtiit shooting Apaches Upper Beaver Meadows area, RMNP - rock formation on edge of meadows
ti’iihiinen tih-neh’eee-t where an Apache was killed Upper Beaver Meadows area, RMNP
ti’iihiinen tih-oowo’oh’oee-t where an Apache was shot down (off a rock) Upper Beaver Meadows area, RMNP
hisei tih-noo3ee-t where a woman was left behind Upper Beaver Meadows area, RMNP - between here and Horseshoe Park
heet-too-tonoti’ where there are caves Walsenburg - area to the west of
heeseise’?? windy Walsenburg - area to the west of
woe’teeneihi3i’ niih’eikuhnee-3i’ where Utes were chased away West Creek, RMNP - an open park along the creek
toh-co’oo’oe’ where it is brushy White Elk Flat, RMNP
yonookoxuu’uunni’ there are willows Willow Creek, Grand County
hisei tih’ii-noxouso’on-eit bes where a woman was killed by a log Windy Gap, east of RMNP
nih’ohuu-biisee flying bug Woodward Rock, Larimer County
héces-niiciihéhe’ little river unknown river, south of the South Platte

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
héet-óowú’ where water Gulf of Mexico and nearby coastal areas (Louisiana, etc)
bees-niicie big river Mississippi River
co’cooneiteen Mexican/Spanish (bread people) town St. Louis, MO
heet-ko’einoo’ where it is round Washington, DC

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
beneh-tiiteen all may enter(?) Ft. Hall

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
benéet-óowú’ holy water general

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
tebexonoo saw [the tool] Billings
woxuu-niicie bear river Billings
biinohooo digging stick Hardin
bees-niicie big river Yellowstone River

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
so’-óóbe’ flat land general area
hiwoxuu hinii3oon(?) the elks penis Chimney Rock
beniii-no’oowu’ soldiers house Ft. Robinson
nook-o’oowu’ white house Ft. Robinson
nook-oowu’ white water White River

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
cii-wo’óh-nii not wearing shoes Barefoot/Carleton(?)
3oxoohei-koh’ówu’ Plains Apache creek Cache Creek
heces hoowóh-’óowú’ small many-houses Calumet
hooxéí-niicíí wolf river Canadian River
woox-ú’ei-t nookucowoot he has an ugly face ....... Canton
henéécei-niicie buffalo bull river Cimarron River
céénsib-éít (horse) threw him to the ground Colony
kooyéíhei’ít he is pulling something out (such as tipi stakes from the ground) Concho
koxtéé-no’óowú’ spotted buildings Darlington
be’éíheehíhi’ little red buildings? Darlington
bih’ihii-koh’ówu’ deer creek Deer Creek
same as Concho   El Reno
wo’téén-o’óowú’ black house El Reno
bo’óowúú red houses Fort Cobb
wosei-nooxebei-t it is a wild horse Geary
ceeneeteenesoo’ green grass, field (translation from English?) Greenfield
nówuu-koh’ówu’ fish creek Kingfisher
béteen-hóxtoonó’uu sacred/holy cliffs Medicine Bluffs
hebesii-niicii beaver river North Canadian River
bo’-óóbe’ red soil Oklahoma (state of)
tih-kouuhoe’ee when they show off something? Oklahoma City
heetéh-3i’i-éiite’ where it is pointy Oklahoma, location unknown
boo’oowu’ flows red Red River
niicóoowúú-koh’ówu’ salt creek Salt Fork, of the Arkansas River
boo’ooowu’ flows red South Canadian River
beescénee-coo’ó[toyóó’] turkey hill Turkey Hills (?)
hokooxuuniicii tipi pole river Washita River
wó’teen-koo’óh black coyote Watonga
or: nóóku cowó’(oo) running rabbit Watonga

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
nookó-owu’ white land general area
wox niiinon bears tepee Black Hills
wo’teen niiinon black tepee Black Hills

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
beníiinéé-3i’ they stay as a group general area:

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
niico’ooowu’ it is salty Great Salt Lake
niico’ooowu’ it is salty Salt Lake City
woo’teeneihi- the place where the Utes are whole state

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
nonooco’otoyoo’ white mountain Alkali Butte (far s.e. corner of Reservation)
nisice-niicie antelope river Antelope Creek
hinono’ei- the place where the Arapahos are Arapahoe
teesihcehei-no’oowu’ mounting/jumping on house Arapahoe Rail Depot (no longer existing)
beneex-ooku-no’oowu’ big eye house Arapahoe Store (no longer existing)
koonootoo’hoe-ne’ at the (ranch with a lock opened with a) key Arapahoe Ranch, Padlock Ranch
nouuh-oowu’ swift fox lodge/den Arminto and surrounding area
heet-niiseekuu’ where two (Sun Dances) were put up Arminto area - nearby - Lost Cabin
koo3couhu’ muddy? Beaver Creek
3eniixo-booo steep road Beaver Rim - the Old Beaver Rim Road
kox3i’ over the hill Big Wind (area just n. of Arapahoe)
nonookuneesee3ii’ place where grizzly bear clan lived Big Wind (area just n. of Arapahoe)
te3ou-nohuux sandhill cranes nest Big Wind River
houunenii-noho’oooyoo’ Crow (tribe) mountain range Bighorn Mountains
ceeneeteen-otoyoo’ blue mountain Blue Ridge (south of Owl Creek, north end of Reservation)
konouuwoo’oe’ shade trees or sweat trees Bonneville
hox(w)uusii-niicie box elder river Box Elder Creek
heet-bii3oonoo’ where there is a canyon Boysen Canyon (Wind River Canyon)
heet-hokouni’ where it is dammed up Boysen Dam
same as Ethete   Bridgeport
hoheisii-niicie crazy woman river Buffalo
bei’i’ii-niicie shell river Casper
hitesii-no’oowu’ Cheyenne (tribe) house Cheyenne
heeni’ei-no’oowu’ long hair (Buffalo Bill)s house Cody
teb-iinis broken horn Devil’s Tower
wox niiinon bears tepee Devil’s Tower
nisice-niicie antelope river Douglas
touhoonenii-no’oowu’ cowboy house Dubois
niis-onoh’oho’ two boys Dubois
woo’teen-otoyoo’ black mountain Elk Mountain
konouutosei’ the place where the Shirtless band is Ethete
noono’owu’ where the rivers come together (Lower Arapahoe area)
beniii-no’oowu’ soldiers house Ft. Fetterman
ciiko’oot-oowu’ stingy house Ft. Fetterman
beniii-no’oowu’ soldiers house Ft. Laramie
wo’teen-no’oowu’ black (soldiers) house Ft. Laramie
wo’teen-nih’oo3ou-no’oowu’ black peoples house Ft. Laramie
cee’eyei-no’oowu’ distribution house Ft. Washakie
3iikon-ookuhu’ee skull Green River (the town)
3iikonei-niicie skeleton river Green River (the town)
heneecee nookuxou’ei-t buffalo bull ??? Greybull River (and town of Greybull)
heetoh-noo3eihi-3i’ hokooxuno’ where they were abandoned tipi poles [Note: Horse Thief Canyon, base of, near “Jess Posie’s Place”
ni’-ec-i’ at the good water or at the lake Hot Springs (on Wind River Reservation between Ethete and Fort Washakie
boo’-oowu’ red water Hudson
nihoon-ouute’ yellow land area Kirby Draw, on/near Wind River Reservation
hoowoh-oowu’ many houses Lander
niit-okooxeeet-iini’ where tepee poles are obtained Laramie
hokooxuu-niicii tipi pole river Lodgepole Creek
konouuw-oo’oe’ sweat brush Lost Cabin
co’cooniiteen Mexican tribe, tribal place Mexican Pass (on Reservation)
wo’teen-booo-ne’ hotoonee-no’oowu’ blacktop road store Milford and Milford Store
wosoouhone’ the place where the Sock clan is Mill Creek
heet-no’owu’ where the rivers come together Muskrat Draw
hiixoxouhu’ booo muskrat road Muskrat Draw
boo’-otoyouhu’ red hill Nebo
coo’otou’uw-ootee’ high trail Nebo
ceneit-eetee’ entering area North Forks area, Wind River Reservation
bei’i’ei-niicie shell river North Platte River
konouuwoo’oe’ shade trees or sweat brush No Wood
hecesei-howoh’-oowu’ small town Pavillon
woox-c-oo’ it tastes bad Poison Creek
boo’-oowu’ red water Popo Agie River
ce’i3ee-niicie powder river Powder River
heso’oo-booo-ne’ at the railroad Rawlins
heet-bo’-hu’tee’ where there is a red hole in the ground Red Canyon (sw of Thermopolis)
boo’otoyou’u red mountains Red Hills (just west of springs between Ethete and Fort Washakie)
heet-be’-bisiinoo’oo’ where red [water] leaks out Red Springs (w. of Thermopolis)
hooxono’oo on the other side of the river Riverton
ho’nookee-nooxeb-ine’ at the rock springs Rock Springs
siiyoho’ nookei’i white sandstone rocks Rock Springs
nookunouhu- where they wear white clothes St. Michael’s Mission
heeninouhu-’ where they wear long clothes St. Stephen’s (especially the Mission)
beteeeno’oowu’ dancing lodge St. Stephens - area of old dance hall east of there
tecenoo the door Saratoga, between here and Encampment along the North Platte River
cooo’ the trap Saratoga, eastward of the above location
heet-hoc[k?]oootee-t where it [road] crosses the river Seventeen-Mile Crossing (on Reservation)
nii3onii-niicie tongue river Sheridan
nei’ii-niicie goose river Sheridan - a river near there
sosoni’ Shoshone Shoshoni
neecee siiyoho’ nookei’i white sandstone rocks (where) chiefs (got drunk) Shoshoni - area to the west where some chiefs got drunk
heet-hinowunoo’oo’ where [the water] disappears underground Sinks Canyon
cebii passing along? South Fork (of Wind River?, Popo Agie River? Little Wind River?) - on Reservation
kooh’-ouute’ split land area Split Rock
hohookee-no’oowu’ crazy house State Training School (at Lander)
hiinooxuu-niicie crossing river Sweetwater River
hohootii-iini’ there are trees (cottonwoods) there Ten Sleep
xonouu’oo’ in smokes Thermopolis
xook-hooxono’oo through (the mountains) it smokes Thermopolis
nii3onii-niicie tongue river Tongue River
heneecei-nonii buffalo bulls back fat Tyler
biito’owu’ the earth Veedauwoo, Medicine Bow NF
heet-3ii-3i’e’eiite’ where it is pointy Washakie Needles
nonook-otoyoo’ white mountain White Hills (west of Riverton)
wootei-niicie noisy river Wind River
niit-iine’etii-no’ where we live Wind River Reservation
heet-ihco’oo’ where it (water or land) rises up Yellowstone area
hisee3-niicie pine river unknown location in northern Wyoming, north of Lodgepole Creek
tih-’eniheih-t cowo’oo when[where] she was lost Swift Runner unknown location near the North Platte River
toh-ko’ein-oowuu-hehe’ little river where the water goes in a circle unknown location to the west of the Black Hills
ciibeetino tohwoo3ei’i sweat lodges where there are many unknown location to the west of the Black Hills, near Whirlpool Creek
House Mountains’   unknown location on N/NE area of the Reservation, or to the N/NE of it

Arapaho English gloss of Arapaho Place
ho’oooyoo’ rocky area Haiyaha Lake, RMNP
hiii-nec snow water Haynach Lakes, RMNP
niisoo-no’ twins Mt. Nisa, RMNP
wox bear Mt. Wuh, RMNP
nowoo3 left-handed - name of Arapaho chief Left Hand Niwot, CO; Niwot Ridge, CO
wo’teen-koo’oh black coyote - name of Arapaho chief Black Coyote Watonga, OK; Watonga Mtn, Lake, Creek, CO
niibooot??? song??? - name of Arapaho chief Mt. Neva, CO