View from Hills of Tututepec: coastal lagoons and Pacific Ocean in distance

Mapping Postclassic Residences at Tututepec


Tututepec (Yucu Dzaa) Toponym


Mixteca-Puebla Polychrome Style Pottery from Residence at Tututepec, ca. 14th Century (CE)


Chucho: 100% Oaxaqueño



Notebook Sketch of Machu Picchu



Home Page of Marc Levine, Ph.D.

I'm an archaeologist, Assistant Curator at the
Denver Museum of Nature & Science and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Although my primary area of research is Mesoamerica, I've also worked a fair amount in the US Southwest. I'm especially interested in complex societies and my recent work investigates this from the perspective of the household. My current research focuses on Postclassic Mesoamerica, examining sociopolitical and economic organization at the Mixtec capital of Tututepec, located on the coast of Oaxaca.

Tututepec or "Yucu Dzaa" (in Mixtec) was one of the most powerful political centers in Late Postclassic Period (AD 1100-1522) Oaxaca. Tututepec conquered a vast area of coastal Oaxaca and administered dozens of subject communities. Tututepec is also distinguished in that it was never conquered by the Aztecs. Yucu Dzaa ("Hill of the Bird") was translated into nahuatl as "Tututepec" after the Spanish Conquest. During 2004-5, I carried disseration research at Tututepec, including excavations at three residential areas.

Levine, Marc Nathaniel (2007) Linking Household and Polity at Late Postclassic Yucu Dzaa (Tututepec), a Mixtec Capital on the Coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder. Please send me an email for a pdf. of my dissertation (

Current Positions

Assistant Curator of Mesoamerican Archaeology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science (2009): Curator assigned to "Genghis Khan" exhibit, runs from October 16th, 2009 to February 7th, 2010.

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder. Teaching Research Methods in Archaeology I (ANTH 4390/5390) during fall 2009 semester.

Recent Research Activities

Project Director, Tututepec Archaeological Project, Oaxaca, Mexico (2004-Present): Recent excavations focused on three commoner residences at Yucu Dzaa (Tututepec), dating to the 14th and 15th centuries. The project is exploring the domestic and political economy of Yucu Dzaa and it's relationship with other regions of Late Postclassic Mesoamerica.

Crew Chief (Fall 2003): Pyramid of the Moon Project, Teotihuacan, México.
Supervised tunnel excavations in the Pyramid of the Moon Complex (Proyecto Pirámide de la Luna). Project Directors: S.Sugiyama and R. Cabréra.

Crew Chief (Summer 2002-2004): Comb Wash Archaeological Project, southeastern Utah, US. Supervised mapping and test excavations during three field seasons at sites in Comb Wash, Utah. Project Director: C. Cameron.

Field Supervisor, Río Verde Ecology Project, Oaxaca, Mexico (Spring 2000): Supervised excavations on the acropolis at Río Viejo, a Late Formative and Classic Period capital in the lower Río Verde region of coastal Oaxaca. Project Director: A. Joyce.

Assorted Downloads-Links

Marc N. Levine (2009) Translation of Lakota Winter Count Discovered. Article posted on Denver Museum of Nature & Science website, June 10, 2009.

Arthur Joyce and Marc N. Levine (2008). Tututepec (Yucu Dzaa): Un imperio del Posclásico en la Mixteca de la Costa. Arqueología Mexicana, Vol. XV (90):44-47. Link to article excerpt here.

Marc N. Levine (2006). Residential Excavations at Yucu Dzaa (Tututepec), a Late Postclassic Mixtec Capital on the Coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. The Tututepec Archaeological Project (TAP) Final Report. Submitted to the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI). Link to report here.

Marc N. Levine (2002). Ceramic Change and Continuity in the Lower Río Verde Region of Oaxaca, Mexico: the Late Formative to Early Terminal Formative Period. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Colorado at Boulder. In my thesis, I demonstrate that there is little ceramic evidence from the lower Verde region to support the hypothesis that Monte Albán conquered this area in the Terminal Formative Period . Download MA thesis here.

Prior Teaching Positions

Adjunct Assistant Professor (Spring 2009), Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder. Teaching "Introduction to Archaeology" (ANTH 2200) and graduate seminar "Core Course in Archaeology" (ANTH 5770).

Affiliate Faculty (Fall 2008), Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Behavioral Science, Metro State College of Denver. Instructor for "Introduction to Cultural Anthropology" (ANT1310).

Adjunct Faculty (Fall 2008), Department of History, Humanities and Social Sciences, Red Rocks Community College, Lakewood, CO, Fall 2008. Instructor for "Introduction to Cultural Anthropology" (ANT 101) and "Physical Anthropology" (ANT 111).

Lead Graduate Teacher (2006-7): Department of Anthropology, CU-Boulder. Click here to learn more about the CU Graduate Teacher Program.

Teaching Assistant (Spring 2007): ANTH 2200 (Introduction to Archaeology), CU-Boulder

Graduate Part Time Instructor (Fall 2006): ANTH 1190 (Origins of Ancient Civilizations), University of Colorado at Boulder.

Graduate Part Time Instructor (Summer Session B 2006): ANTH 1190 (Origins of Ancient Civilizations), University of Colorado at Boulder.

Teaching Assistant (Summer 2002, 2003, 2004): Mapping and test excavations in Comb Wash, located near Blanding Utah.

Links for Mixtec (Ñuu Savi) Studies

Mesolore: Explore the Mixtec Codices (Codex Nuttall and Selden) and more....Amazing resource.

FAMSI: The Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies Inc. This website has an incredible variety of information on everything Mesoamerican.

Tututepec de Melchor Ocampo: Webpage with current information about the municipio of Tututepec.


Fun Stuff

Need a pick me up? Listen to this.

In my spare time I work on my comb-over.

University of Colorado