A Bibliography of Secondary Sources on Tantra

Arranged alphabetically According to Author's Last name:
(A-D) (E-H)(I-L) (M-P) (Q-T) (U-Z)

Alper, Harvey, "The Cosmos as Siva's Language game: "Mantra" according to Ksemaraja's Sivasutravimarsini" in Understanding Mantras(Albany: SUNY 1990).

Anand, Margo. The Art of Sexual Ecstasy: The Path of Sacred
Sexuality for Western Lovers
. (Los Angeles:

----------------, The Art of Sexual Magic. (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1995).

Apfel-Marglin, Fredenque. Wives of the God-King. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Arundale, G. S. Kundalini: An Occult Experience. (Madras: 1974).

Aryan, K. C. The Little Goddesses (Matrikas). (Delhi: Rekha Prakashan, 1980).

Aung, Maung Htin. Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism. (London: Oxford University Press. 1962).

Reprint Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978.

Babb, Lawrence. The Divine Hierarchy: Popular Hinduism in Central India.

(New York: Columbia University Press, 1975).

Bagchi, Prabodh Chandra. "The Cult of the Buddhist Siddhacaryas." In Cultural Heritage of India, ed.

Haridas Bhattachatyya, vol. 4, pp.273-79.

----------------,Studies in the Tantras. Calcutta: University of Calcutta, '939, 1975.

Bandyopadhyay, Pradip Kumar. Natha Cult and Mahanad. (Delhi: B. R. Publishing Company, 1992).

Banerjea, Aksaya Kumar. Philosophy of Gorakhn'th with Goraksa-Vacana-Sangraha. 2d ed.

(Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1983.)

Banerjea, J. N. Pauranic and Tantric Religion. (Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1966).

Banerji, R. D. The Haihyas of Tripuri and Their Monuments. Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of

India, no.23. (Calcutta: Government of India Central Publication Branch, 1931).

Banerji, S.C. A Brief History of Tantra Literature (Calcutta: Naya Prokash,1988).

-----------------, Tantra in Bengal. (Calcutta: Naya Prokash, 1978).

Barrow, H. W "On Aghoris and Aghorapanthis." Anthropological Society of Bombay 3:4(1893): I9~251.

Bayly, C. A. Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion,

1770-1870. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Beck, Guy Sonic Theology (University of South Carolina Press, 1990)

Bedi, Rajesh and Ramesh. Sadhus: The Holy Men of India. (New Delhi: Brijbasi Printers Private Ltd., 1991).

Beyer, Stephan. The Cult of Tara. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973).

Bharati, Aghehananda. The Tantric Tradition. London: Rider and Co., 1965; New York: Grove Press, 1975.

-------------------, The Ochre Robe. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1962.

-------------------, "Tantrism" in The Perrenial Dictionary of World Religions ed. Kieth Crim

(Harper and Row, New York, 1989) p. 734.

Bhardwaj, Surinder Mohan. Hindu Places of Pilgrimage in India. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973).

Bhattacharyya, B. Saivism and the Phallic World. (in 2 volumes). Delhi: Oxford.

-----------------, The World of Tantra. (New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1988).

Bhattacharyya, Haridas, ed. Cultural Heritage of India. 5 vols. Calcutta: Ramakrishna Mission, 1956.

Bhattacharyy~, Nagendranath. History of the Tantric Religion (A Historical Ritualistic and Philosophical Study).

Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1982).

Biardeau, Madeleine. L'Hindouisme: Anthropologie d'une civilisation. Paris: Flammarion, 1981.

-----------------, Hinduism: The Anthropology of a Civilisation (Delhi: Oxford University press: 1989).

-----------------,"Puranic Cosmogony" In Asian Mythologies, compiled by Yves Bonnefoy and translated

under the direction of Wendy Doniger. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), pp.43-50.

Blackburn, Stuart H., Peter J. Claus, Joyce B. Fluel:iger, and Susan Wadley eds. Oral Epics in India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Bolton and Macleod, "Bolton and Macleod Discuss Yantra," http://www.armory.com/~nojive/bolton.html.

Bose, D. N. Tantras: Their Philosophy and Occult Secrets. Calcutta: 1965.

Bouillier, Veronique. "Growth and Decay of a Kanphata Yogi Monastery in South-west Nepal." The Indian

Economic and Social Histor,t Review 28:2 (1991): 151-70.

----------------,"The King and His Yogi: Prthivinarayan Sah, Bhagavantanath and the Unification of Nepal in the

Eighteenth Centuty." In John P. Neelsen, ed., Gender, Caste and Power in South Asia:

Social Status and Mobility in a Transitional Society, pp.i-2 I.

Briggs, George Weston. Gorkhn~th and the Kannphata Yogis. (Calcutta: YM.C.A. Press, 1938);

New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1982.

Brooks, Douglas Renfrew. The Secret of the Three Cities: An Introduction to Hindu Sakta Tantrism.

(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990).

-------------------, Auspicious Wisdom: The Texts and Traditions of Srividya Sakta Tantrism of South

India (Albany: SUNY, 1992

Carstairs, G. Morris. The Twice Born. (London: Hogarth Press, 1958).

Chakravarti, C. The Tantras: Studies on their Religion and Literature. (Calcutta: Punthi Pustak, 1963).

Cort, John. "Twelve Chapters from The Guidehook to Various Pilgrimage Places, the Vividhatirthakalpa

of Jinaprabha~su~ri ," in Phyllis Granoff, ed., The Clever Adulteress and the Hungcy Monk.

Daniélou, Alain. Yoga: The Method of Re-Integration. (London: Johnson Publications, 1973).

Daniélou, Alain. The Complete Kama Sutra: The First Unabridged Modern Translation of the Classic

Indian Text. (Rochester: Park Street Press/ Inner Traditions, 1994).

Dasgupta, Shashibhushan. An Introduction to Tantric Buddhism. 2d ed. Calcutta:University of Calcutta Press, 1958.

--------------,Obscure Religious Cults. 3d ed. Calcutta: Firma KLM Limited, 1976.

Dasgupta, Surendranath. A History of Indian Philosophy, 5 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922;

reprint (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1951-55).

Davis, Richard H. Ritual in an Oscillating Universe: Worshipping Siva in Medieval India.

(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).

Derret, Duncan J. "A Juridical Fabrication of Early British India: The Mahanirvana Tantra" Essays in Classical and Modern Hindu Law, V. II (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1977). 197-242.

Desai, Devangana. Erotic Sculpture Qf India: A Sodo-Culturul Study. New Delhi, 1975.

Devi, Konduri Sarojini. Religion in the Vijayanagara Empire. New Delhi: Sterling, 1990.

Diehi, Carl Gustav. Instrument and Purpose: Studies on Rites and Rituals in South India. (Lund: Gleerup, 1956).

Dimock, Edward C., Jr. The Place of the Hidden Moon: Erotic Mysticism in the Vaishava-sahajisa

Cult of Bengal. With a new Foreword by Wendy Doniger. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press,

1966); Reprint (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1991).

Douglas, Nik. Tantra Yoga. (New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1970).

-----------------, Sexual Secrets: The Alchemy of Ecstasy. (New York, Destiny Books, 1979).

Douglas, Nik and Slinger, Penny. The Pillow Book:The Erotic Sentiment and the Paintings of India,

Nepal, China and Japan. (New York: Destiny Books, 1981).

----------------- The Erotic Sentiment in the Painting of India and Nepal. (Rochester: Park Street Press, 1989).

Dowinan, Keith. Masters of Mahamudra-: Songs and Histories of the Eighty-Four Buddhist Siddhas.

(Albany: SUNY Press, 1985).

Dumont, Louis. Homo hierarchicus: Le Systime des castes et ses implications. Paris: Gallimard, 1978).

Dyzkowski, Mark S. G. The Doctrine of Vibration. An Analysis of the Doctrines and Practices of Kashmir

Saivism. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987).

------------------,The Canon of the S'aivagama and the Kubjika Tantras of the Western Kaula

Tradition. (Albany: SUNY Press, 1988).

-----------------,"Kundalini the Erotic Goddess: Sexual Potency, Transformation and Reversal in the

Heterodox Theophanies of the Kubjika Tantras." Typescript of paper read at American

Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 23 November 1992.

Eck, Diana. Banaras: City of Light. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983).

Farquhar, J. N. An Outline of the Religious Literature of India. Reprint edition. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1968).

Frost, Gavin and Yvonne. Tantric Yoga: The Royal Path to Raising Kundalini Power. (York Beach:

Samuel Weiser, 1989).

Emdl, Kathleen M. Victory to the Mother: The Hindu Goddess of Northwest India in Myth, Ritual, and

Symbol. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993)

Garrison, Omar. Tantra: The Yoga of Sex. (New York: Avon Books, 1964).

Gaston, Anne-Marie. Siva in Dance, Myth and Iconography. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Gellner, David N. Monk, Householder and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and Its Hierarchy of Ritual New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Gold, Ann Grodzins. A Carnival of Parting: The Tales of King Bharthari and King Gopi Chand as Sung and

Told by Madhu Natisar Nath of Ghattyali, Raiasthan. (Berkeley:University of California Press, 1992).

----------------,"Gender and Illusion in a Rajasthani Yogic Tradition." In Tale, Text and Time: Interpreting

South Asian Expressive Traditions. Ed. Frank Korom, Arjun Appadumi, and Margaret Mills.

(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990) pp.102-35.

Gold, Daniel. "The Instability of the Ring: Magical Insanity and the Yogi's Power in the Politics of Jodhpur,

1803-1843" In David N. Lorenzen, ed., Bhakti Religion in North India:

Community Identity and Political Action. Albany: SUNY Press, 1995 pp.120-32.

Gonda, Jan. The Indian Mantra." In Oriens 16, 1963, pp. 2~297. Reprinted in J. Gonda,

Selected Studies IV. (Leiden: E.]. Brill, 1975, p.248f.

-----------------,Change and Continuity in Indian Tradition. (The Hague: Mouton, 1965).

-----------------,Medieval Religious Literature in Sanskrit. History of Indian Literature, II, I.

(Wiesbaden:Harassowitz, 1977).

-----------------,Triads in the Veda. (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1976).

-----------------, Visnuism and Sivaism, A Comparison.(London: Athlone, 1970).

Goudriaan, Teun, ed. The Sanskrit Tradition and Tantrism. Panels of the VIIth World Sanskrit Conference,

Kern Institute, Leiden, 3-29 August 1987. (Leiden: Brill, 1990).

-----------------------, The Vinasikha Tantra. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1985).

Goudriaan, Teun. (Editor). Ritual and Speculation in Early Tantrism. Studies in Honor of André Padoux.

(New York: State University of New York Press, 1992).

Goudriaan, Teun, and Sanjukta Gupta. Hindu Tantric and S'akta Literature. History of IndianLiterature, II, 2. (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1981).

Gupta, Sanjukta. "The Mandala as an Image of Man?' In Richard Gombrich, ed.,

Indian Ritual and Its Exegesis. (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1988), pp.32-41.

------------------,"Mantra" Encyclopedia of Religions ed. Mircea Eliade (New York: Macmillan, 1987 v. 9) p. 176.

Gupta, Sanjukta, Dirk Jan Hoens, and Teun Goudriaan. Hindu Tantrism. Handbuch der Orientalistik, 2.4.2.

(Leiden: Brill, 1979).

Harzer, Edeltraud. "Samkhya,' In Encyclopedia of Religion, vol.13, pp.47-SI.

Hazra, R. C. Studies in the Puranic Records on Hindu Rites and Customs. 24 ed. (Delhi:Motilal Banarsidass, 1975).

Heesterman, Jan. The Broken World of Sacrifice. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993).

------------------,The Inner Conflict of Tradition. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985).


Heimann, Betty. Facets of lndian Thought. (London: Allen and Unwin, 1964).

Jaggi, 0. P. Yogic and Tantric Medicine. History of Science and Technology in India, vol.5.

(Delhi: Atma Ram and Sons, 1973).

Jamison, Stephanie W The Ravenous Hyenas and the Wounded Sun: Myth and Ritual in Ancient India.

(Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 1991).

Johari, Harish, Tools for Tantra (Rochester: Inner Traditions Ltd, 1986).

Joshi, RasikVihari. 'Notes on Guru, Diksa and Mantra." Ethnos 37(1972): 103-I 2.

Kakar, Sudhir. The Inner World: A Psychoanalytic Study of Childhood and Society in India.

(New York: Oxford University Press, 1978).

------------------,Shamans, Mystics and Doctors: A Psychological Inquiry into India and Its Healing Traditions.

(New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982); (New Delhi: Oxford India Paperbacks, 1990).

Kane, Pandurang Vaman. History of DharmaShastra. 5 vols. 24 ed. (Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research

Institute, 1968-75).

Khanna, Madhu, Yantra (London: Thames and Hudson, 1979).

Kinsley, David R. Tantric Vision of the Divine Feminine, (Berkeley University of California Press, 1997).

Kramrisch, Stella,The Hindu Temple (Calcutta: University Press, 1946:

Reprinted in two volumes, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981)

Kripal, Jeffery, Kali's Child: The Mystical and the Erotic in the Life and teachings of RamaKrishna (Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 1995).

Krishna, Gopi. Kundalini: The Evolutionary Energy in Man. London: Shambala, 1971.

------------------, Kundalini: Path to Higher Consciousness. New Delhi: Orient Paperbacks, 1976.

------------------, Secrets of Kundalini in Panchastavi. New Delhi: Kundalini Research and Publication Trust, 1978.

Lorenzen, D. N. The Kapalikas and Kal~mukhas, Two Lost Saivite Sects. Reprint edition,

(New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1972).

Levy, Robert L. Mesocosm: Hinduism and the Organization of a Traditional Newar City in Nepal,

(Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990)

McDaniel, June. The Madness of the Saints: Ecstatic Religion in Bengal. (Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 1989).

Meister, Michael, ed. Discourses on Siva: Proceedings of a Symposium on the Nature of

Religious Imagery. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984).

Mookerjee A. Tantra Art: In Search of Life Divine. (New Delhi: Ravi Kumar, 1966).

-------------------,Tantra Art: Its Philosophy and Physics. (New Delhi, 1968).

-------------------, Tantra Asana: A Way to Self-Realization. (New Delhi: Ravi Kumar, 1971).

-----------------,Yoga Art. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975).

-------------------,Kundalini: The Arousal of the Inner Energy. (New York: Destiny Books, 1982).

------------------, Ritual Art of India (Japan: Thames and Hudson, 1985).

-------------------,Kali The Feminine Force. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1988).

Mookerjee, Ajit and Madhu Khanna, The Tantric Way (Thames and Hudson, London, 1977)

Muller-Ortega, Paul Eduardo. The Triadic Heart of Siva: Kaula Tantricism of Abhinavagupta in the

Non-dual Saivism of Kashmir. (Albany: SUNY Press, 1989).

------------------,"Exploring Textbooks: Introductions to Hinduism." In Critical Review of Books in Religion

1988, ed. Beverly Robert Gaventa. Atlanta: Journal of the Amen-can Academy of Religion

and The Journal of Biblical Studies, 1988, pp 61ff.

Newman, John. 'A Brief History of the Kalacakra." In The Wbeel of Time: The Kalacakra in

Context. (Madison, Wis.: Deer Park Books, 1985).

O'Flaherty, Wendy Doniger. Dreams, Illusion and Other Realities. (Chicago: University of

Chicago Press, 1984).

-----------------, Siva: The Erotic Ascetic. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981).

-----------------,Tales of Sex and violence: Folklore, Sacrifice, and Danger in the Jaimintya Brahmana.

(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985).

--------------,Women, Androgynes and Other Mythical Beasts. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980).

Padoux, Andre', ed. L'Image divine: Culte et meditation dans l'hindouisme. (Paris: Editions du CNRS, 1990).

--------------------,ed. Mantras et diagrammes rituels dans l'hindouisme. Table Ronde, Paris,

21-22 June 1984. (Paris: Editions du CNRS, 1986).

-------------------,"The Body in Tantric Ritual: The Case of the Mudras." In Teun Goudriaan, ed., The Sanskrit Tradition and Tantrism, pp.65-77.

------------------,Vac: The Concept of the Word in Selected Hindu Tantras. (Albany: SUNY Press, 1989).

Pal, Pratapaditya. Hindu Religion and Iconology According to the Tantrasara. (Los Angeles: Vichitra Press, 1981).

Pandey, K. C. Abhinavagupta, An Historical and Philosophical Study. (Varanasi: Chaukhanba Publication

reprint 1963,).

Payne, E. J. The Saktas. (Calcutta: Y.M.C.A. Publishing House and London: Oxford University Press, 1933).

Pott, P.H. Yoga and Yantra: Their Interrelation and Significance for Indian Archeology

(The Netherlands: The Haugue, 1966)

Pranke, Patrick "On Becoming a Buddhist Wizard." In Don Lopez, ed., Buddhism in Practice.

(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995), pp. 343-58.

Ramachandra Rao, S. K. Srt-Cakra. (Delhi: Sri Satgunu Publications, 1989).

Raman Shastri, V V "The Doctrinal Culture and Tradition of the Siddhas." In Cultural Heritage of lndia,

ed. Haridas Bhattacharyya, vol.4, pp.300-8.

Ramanujan, A. K. Speaking of Siva. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979).

Rao, T. A. Gopinath. Elements of Hindu Iconography. 2 vols. (Madras: Law Road Printing House, 1914-16).

Rastogi, Navjivan. Introduction to the Tantraloka: A Study in Structure. (Albany: SUNY Press, 1987).

Rawson, P. (Introduction) Tantra. (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1971).

------------------,The Art of Tantra. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1973).

------------------, Tantra: The Indian Cult Of Ecstasy (London: Thames and Hudson, 1973).

Rosu, Arion, "Alchemy and Sacred Geography in the Medieval Deccan" Journal of the European

Ayurvedic Society 2 (1992):151-56.

-----------------, "Considerations sur une technique du Rasayana Ayurvedique." Indo-Iranian

Journal '7 (1975):J-29.

-----------------,"Mantra et yantra dans la medecine et l'alchimie indiennes." JournalAsiatique 274:3-4 (1986):205-68.

Sanderson, Alexis. "Mandala and Agamic Identity in the Trika of Kashmir." In Andre' Padoux, ed.,

Mantras et diagrammes rituels dans l'hindouisme, pp. I6~207.

------------------,"Meaning in Tantric Ritual" In Ann-Marie Blondeau, ed., Le Rituel. vol. 3.

(Paris: Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, de section, 1996), pp.15-95.

------------------,"Purity and power among the Brahmins of Kashmir." In The category of the

Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History. Ed. Michael Carrithers, Steven Collins,

and Steven Lukes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985, pp. 191-


-----------------,"Saivism and the Tantric Tradition." In The World's Religions. Ed. S. Sutherland et, al.

(London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988), pp. 660-704.

-----------------,Saivism: Krama Saivism"; "S aivism: Saivism in Kashmir"; "Saivism: Trika Saivism."

In Encyclopedia ofReligion, vol.13, pp.14-17.

------------------,"The Visualization of the Deities of the Trika" In Andre' Padoux, ed.,

L'image divine: Culte et meditation dans l'hindouisme. (Paris: CNRS, 1990).

SenSharma, Deba Brata, The Philosophy of Sadhana: With Special reference to the Trika

Philosophy of Kashmir, (Albany: SUNY, 1990) p. 30.

Sen, Sukumar. History of Bengali Literature. (New Delhi: Sahitya Academy, 1960).

Sharma, P. Kumar. Sakti Cult in Ancient India with Special Reference to the Puranic Literature. (Varanasi:

Bharatiya Publishing house, 1974).

Shoterman, J.A. The YoniTantra (Delhi: Manohar, 1980).

Siegel, Lee. Net of Magic: Wonders and Deceptions in India. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).

Silburn, Lilian. Kundalini: Energy of the Depths. Trans. Jacques Gontier. (Albany:

SUNY Press, 1988).

-----------------,"Le vide, le rien, l'abime." In Le vide: Experience spirituelle. (Paris: Hermes, 1969).

Singh, Jaideva, Spanda Karikas: The Divine Creative Pulsation (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1980).

----------------, Abhinavagupta: A Trident of Wisdom (Albany: SUNY, 1989).

----------------, Siva Sutras: The Yoga of Supreme Identity, (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1979).

Sinha, Jadunath. Shakta Monism: The Cult of Shakti. (Calcutta: Sinha Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1966).

Sinha, S., and B. Saraswati. Ascetics of Kashi: An Anthropological Exploration. (Varanasi: A.K. Bose Memorial

Foundation, 1978).

Sircar, D. C. Cosmography and Geography in Early Indian Literature. (Calcutta: Indian Studies:

Past and Present, 1967).

------------------,The Sakta Pithas. 2d rev. ed. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1973).

------------------, Studies in the Geography of Ancient and Medieval India. 2d rev. ed. (Delhi:

Motilal Banarsidass, 1977, 1990).

Sivaramamurti, Calambur, The Art of India (New York: Harry Abrhams, 1977).

Smith, Brian K. Reflections on Resemblance, Ritual, and Religion. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Stutely, Margret and Jane, Harpers Dictionary of Hinduism (Harper and Row, New York, 1977)

Subrahmanian, S. V, and V R. Madhavan, eds. Heritage of the Tamils: Siddha Medicine. (Madras:

International Institute of Tamil Studies, 1983).

Sukul, Kubernath. Varanasi Down the Ages. (Benares: Bhargava Bhushan Press, 1974).

Svoboda, Robert. Aghora I: At the Left Hand of God. (Albuquerque: Brotherhood of Life, Inc., 1986).

---------------------, Aghora II: Kundalini. (Albuquerque: Brotherhood of Life, 1993).

Treloar, Francis F. "The Use of Mercury in Metal Ritual Objects as a Symbol of Siva." Artibus Asiae

34 (1972):232-40.

Urban, Hugh, "The Extreme Orient: The Construction of 'Tantrism' as a Category in the Orientalist Imagination"

Religion forthcoming.

------------------,"The Remnants of Desire: Sacrificial Violence and Sexual Transgression in the Cult of the

Kapalikas and the Writings of Georges Bataille, Religion (1995) 25 67-90.

------------------, "Zorba the Buddha: Capitalism, Charisma and the Cult of Bhagawan Shree Rajnesh

Religion (1996) 26 161-182.

------------------,"Elitism and Esotericism: Strategies of Secrecy and Power in South Indian Tantra and

French Freemasonry" Numen (1997) 44 1-38

------------------, "The Strategic Uses of an Esoteric Text: The Mahanirvana Tantra" South Asia (1995)

XVIII n. 1 55-81.

Van Buitenen,J. A. "The Indian Hero as Vidyadha." In Traditional India: Structure and Change.ed. Milton Singer. (Philadelphia, American Folklore Society; 1959ed pp.99-105.

Ward, William, A View of History: Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, (London, 1817).

Wayman, Alex. The Buddhist Tantras: Light on Indo- Tibetan Esotericism. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1973).

-------------------,Yoga of the Guhyasamajatanera: The Arcane Lore of Forty Verses. (New York:

Samuel Weiser, 1977).

White, David Gordon. The Alchemical Body: Siddha Traditions of Medieval India (Chicago: The University of Chicago: 1996).

-------------------"Dakkhina and Agnicayana: An Extended Application of Paul Mus's Typology."

History of Religions 26:2 (November 1986): 188-213.

-----------------,"Transformations in the Art of Love: KamaKala Practice in the Hindu Tantric and Kaula Traditions"

History of Religions Forthcoming

------------------,"Mountains of Wisdon: On the Interface between Siddha and Vidyardhara cults and the

Siddha Orders in Medieval India" International Journal of Hindu Studies (1997) 1:1 73-95.

------------------,Myths of the Dog-Man. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).

------------------,"Why Gurus Are Heavy" Numen 33(1984), pp.40-73.

Wilson, Horace Hayman, Essays and Lectures, Chiefly on the Religion of the Hindus, Ed. (1862).

Zimmer, Heinrich Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1946).

--------, Artistic form and yoga in the sacred images of India , Heinrich Zimmer ; translated from the German and edited by Gerald Chapple and James B. Lawson in collaboration with J. Michael McKnight. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, c1984).

---------, Philosophies of India;, edited by Joseph Campbell. (New York:L Pantheon Books, 1951).