ABSTRACT

New Development of Hindu Pilgrimage Center in Rural India
-Case study of Hanuman Gali Mandel, Jaunpur U.P.-

DR.FUKUNAGA Masaaki
Director, Japanese Network for South Asian Studies
Tokyo, JAPAN



( ) The most of Hindu Pilgrimage Centers has long history and constituted with the religious continuities. Recently, North Indian rural society shown a marked tendency of appearing the new pilgrimage center with the inferences of Hindu Fundamentalism!! In this paper dealing the material of the new Hin du Pilgrimage center, Hanuman Gali Mandel, which is located at the Dobhi Block, Jaunpur District, Uttar Pradesh.

( ) This new Hanuman Gali Mandel has projected, planned and constructed by the rural people in that area, especially huge amount of donation has gathered for the project by their own hand. The agricultural field which faced to the main road has selected for the site of Mandel because of only financial reason. Although the site has no connections with any religious history and legend, people recognized and believed this Mandel as the site where the Lord Ram has spent one night during his sacred journey with his followers. Today, the Mandel is the one of famous Pilgrimage Center in surrounding areas, and many people are gathering for pray in day and night. The buses are stopped at the site of Mandel, and people used to pray and take break for tea at shop in front of the Mandel gate. These process of developing the new Pilgrimage Center has strongly demonstrate the nature of religious mind of rural ordinary people, and how they are influenced with the Hindu Fundamentalism which showed as the movement of Ayodhya.

( ) This paper will be present the details of development process of this Mandel, and intensively show the socio-anthropological analysis of it. The data has collected through the own research work for the last several years.


DR.FUKUNAGA Masaaki
e-mail: fukunaga@bigfoot.com


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