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Creating Accessible Web Pages


Students in wheelchairs use computersOverview

This guide lists resources to help you create web pages that are accessible for people with disabilities. There are a few easy steps you can take to get started:The following 4 links keep you within this page:

1. Learn more about accessibility

Take advantage of workshops on campus and online training to learn more about accessibility.

2. Keep the WAI Quick Tips in mind

The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has developed a set of Quick Tips that will help you remember key concepts. Once you have mastered the Quick Tips, check into the WAI's Web Content Accessibility Guidelines and the Federal government's new Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards, which are both more comprehensive guidelines. Here are the WAI Quick Tips:

Quick Tips to Make Accessible Web Sites

  • Images and animations. Use the ALT attribute to describe the function of each visual.
  • Image maps. Use client-side MAP and text for hotspots.
  • Multimedia. Provide captioning and transcripts of audio, and descriptions of video.
  • Hypertext links. Use text that makes sense when read out of context. For example, avoid "click here."
  • Page organization. Use headings, lists, and consistent structure. Use cascading style sheets (CSS) for layout and style where possible.
  • Graphs and charts. Summarize or use the longdesc attribute.
  • Scripts, applets, and plug-ins. Provide alternative content in case active features are inaccessible or unsupported.
  • Frames. Use NOFRAMES and meaningful titles.
  • Tables. Make line by line reading sensible. Summarize.
  • Check your work. Validate. Use tools, checkpoints, and guidelines at www.w3.org/TR/WCAG.

copyright W3C (MIT, INRIA, Keio) 2000/02
www.w3.org/WAI/References/QuickTips/
For complete guidelines, see www.w3.org/WAI

3. Check your work for accessibility

Some tools can help you build more accessible pages. But whatever tool you use, there are several ways to check your work. Simple checks include turning off images in your browser or using Lynx for a graphics-free view of your work. Use the WAI Quick Tips as a checklist, or the WAI List of Checkpoints for a more comprehensive review of accessibility. Or use online validators to check your work.

Evaluation tools: 

 
      
     
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