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Highlights Fall 2008
CU-Boulder undergraduate graduation & freshman retention highlights
For first-time full-time new freshmen entering summer or fall terms
(full time = 12+ hrs, counted at end of the fall term)
Students graduating from institutions other than CU-Boulder are NOT counted in the graduation rates.
Rates are updated each October with fall census enrollment information and
degrees posted through the prior summer term.
Main graduation/retention rate page
Fall 2008 Highlights
- The overall 6-year graduation rate was 67% for the freshman class entering in 2002, the most recent
entering class to have had a full 6 years to graduate. This was the same as the rate for the previous entering
class, one percentage point higher than the three classes before that, and almost equal to the peak of 68% for
the fall 1997 entering class. The 6-year graduation rate is the standard used in federal and comparative
- Freshmen who entered CU-Boulder as Colorado residents in the class entering in 2002 had a 6-year
graduation rate of 71%, one percentage point lower than the all-time (since tracking began in 1980)
high of 72% set by the previous year’s class.
- The non-resident graduation rate was 61%, one percentage point lower than the previous class. The
rate has been between 61% and 65% for each entering class since 1986, with the high figure achieved
by the entering classes of 1996 and 1997. Non-residents are further from home and pay substantially
higher tuition than residents; both factors contribute to their lower graduation rate.
- The 4-year graduation rate was 41% for the freshman class entering in 2004, remaining at the highest
rate on record for the fourth consecutive year. The 37% rate for non-residents was two percentage points below
the all-time high, most recently set last year, while the 43% rate for residents equaled the all-time high.
- The one-year retention rate for the freshman class entering in fall 2007 was 84%. It has been 83 or 84% for
12 of the last 13 entering classes.
- The resident retention rate, which has held fairly steady for years, was 86%. The non-resident rate
was 80%; it has fluctuated slightly more than the resident rate, but has been between 79% and 83% for the
last 11 years.
- We are now able to track students who leave CU-Boulder for other institutions through the National Student
Clearinghouse, and to calculate an “enhanced graduation rate”
including students in an entering freshman cohort who
graduate either from CU-Boulder or from another four-year institution. For the entering class of 2001,
the latest available, 99% were matched by the Clearinghouse. Of these, 68%
graduated from CU-Boulder within 6 years, 10% from another 4-year institution, making the
enhanced graduation rate 78%. An additional 10% were still enrolled either at CU-Boulder or other
institutions, meaning that only 12% of the original entry cohort had not either graduated or were still working
- Of transfer students who entered CU-Boulder in 2001, 67% graduated from Boulder by 2007, 9% from
other institutions, for an enhanced graduation rate of 77%. (Total does not match the sum of the individual
elements due to rounding.) An additional 7% were still enrolled at Boulder or elsewhere.
- Six-year graduation rates for women are consistently higher than those for men by 3-6 percentage points. This has
been true for all classes entering since 1986, although rates for men and women were about equal before that. Women
also graduate faster--their four-year graduation rate consistently exceeds men's by 10-15 percentage points.
- Students of color
- Graduation rates for students of color are lower than those for whites. However, six-year graduation rates
for more recent freshmen students of color, while showing some year-to-year fluctuations, are clearly higher
than those for earlier classes, for each of Asian American, African Americans, and Hispanic/Chicanos.
- The 6-year graduation rate for students of color in the freshman class entering in 2001 was 61%, an all-time
high. The 6-year graduation rates of Asian-Americans, Hispanics, and African-Americans have all shown long-term
gains. Asian-Americans reached an all-time high rate for the second consecutive year, reaching 66%.
- The six-year rate for African-Americans reached 53%, two percentage points higher than last year. Although
still short of the all time high of 59%, achieved three years ago, this is in keeping with an overall long-term
upward trend, allowing for quite a bit of year-to-year fluctuation, probably partly owing to relatively small
- The 4-year graduation rate of 35% for students of color in the freshman class entering in 2004 was an all-time
high, and was the fourth consecutive increase.
- The 1-year retention rate for students of color in the class entering in 2007 was 80%, a slight (1 percentage
point) decline from the previous year; the long-term trend in retention among students of color continues to
be steady, and generally 1 to 3 percentage points below white students.
- Predicted grade-point average (PGPA)
- PGPA is a measure of academic preparation that projects the student’s first-year UCB
grade-point average based on high school grades and standardized test (SAT, ACT) scores,
using formulas empirically derived from data on earlier freshman classes. As designed,
PGPA is related to academic performance and thus ultimately to graduation rate, particularly
for Colorado residents. Among residents, 81% of the top PGPA quartile graduate in 6 years
or less, compared to 58% in the bottom quartile. For non-residents, the comparable rates
are 67% and 56%. (Non-residents, more often than residents, have reasons other than academic
performance for not staying through graduation.)
- Pell Grant recipients and first-generation college students
- Graduation rates for Pell Grant recipients (who have relatively low financial resources) and first-generation
college students are generally lower than the overall rate, by several percentage points. This is true for both
residents and non-residents. All these factors – being a Colorado resident, a Pell-eligible
student, and a first-generation
student – are positively correlated to each other, so the independent relationships of each factor to graduation rate
can be hard to interpret from simply comparing graduation rates for the various categories. In an attempt to untangle
these factors, we did a logistic regression analysis, looking at the relationship between graduation rate and each factor,
while controlling for each of the others (and also controlling for predicted GPA). The results indicate that
non-resident, a Pell recipient, and a first-generation college student each is related to a lower graduation rate, by
anywhere from 6 to 10 percentage points.
- Time to degree
- Graduation rates are typically reported using 4-year, 5-year and 6-year rates. The rates represent the percentage of
students who entered in a given fall (including prior summer entry) as new full-time freshmen and who graduated in four,
five or six years. Graduation rates are used for comparisons among institutions, among groups of students (e.g.,
resident versus non-resident or by ethnicity), and for comparisons over time. For example, compared to Colorado residents,
non-residents (at entry) have lower overall graduation rates (from 5-9 percentage points lower on the 6-year rate).
- Graduation rates, however, do not answer the question of how long it takes, on average, for students to graduate. At
CU-Boulder, graduation in four years is still the norm.
If you look at the bachelor’s degree recipients
in a fiscal year who originally entered as first-time, full-time summer/fall freshmen, over half of them
took four years or less to graduate. This percentage climbed steadily from 52% for FY 2002 bachelor’s recipients to 58%
for 2007, before falling back to 55% for 2008. The average over the last 6 years has been 55%.
- The average has been 57% for students who entered as non-residents, 54% for residents; 63% for females, 48% for males.
- The median time to degree for bachelor’s recipients in 2002-08 was 4.0 years, which equates to the 4th summer after
fall entry. It was 3.7 years for females – equivalent to the 4th spring – and 4.3 years for males. It was slightly
longer for students who changed majors, changed colleges, and/or started as undeclared majors, but for none of these
groups was the median over 4.3 years, or one term beyond 4 years. All these medians have been very stable over time.
- Mean or average time to degree is slightly longer than the median, because while there is a real lower limit – very few can
graduate in, say, 3 years or less – there’s no upper limit, and a few students might take 6 years, 7 years,
or even longer, and we follow them for as long as it takes. Even so, the mean time to degree from 2002 through 2008
has been 4.3 years, with no yearly cohort longer than 4.4 years.
Prior-year highlights, from fall:
Questions? E-mail IR@colorado.edu