Vacation Homes: 1940-1990


                                 1 9 9 0
 
       All          For seasonal,
       housing      recreational,
       units        or occasional
                    use                               Migratory
 
                      Number   Per-
                               cent
 
US    102,263,678  3,116,867    3.0%                      34,944
 
AZ      1,659,430     97,030    5.8%                         926
CO      1,477,349     64,621    4.4%                         807
ID        413,327     25,342    6.1%                       1,090
MT        361,155     21,069    5.8%                         588
NV        518,858     11,522    2.2%                         264
NM        632,058     22,464    3.6%                         602
UT        598,388     21,203    3.5%                         180
WY        203,411      9,977    4.9%                         509
 

    1 9 8 0   All For seasonal or Seasonal Occasional housing occasional use use units Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- cent cent cent   US 88,411,263 2,794,054 3.2% 1,718,440 1.9% 1,075,614 1.2%   AZ 1,110,558 66,498 6.0% 44,121 4.0% 22,377 2.0% CO 1,194,253 48,116 4.0% 25,572 2.1% 22,544 1.9% ID 375,127 22,737 6.1% 15,371 4.1% 7,366 2.0% MT 328,465 19,046 5.8% 13,450 4.1% 5,596 1.7% NV 339,949 7,494 2.2% 2,458 0.7% 5,036 1.5% NM 507,513 24,069 4.7% 14,221 2.8% 9,848 1.9% UT 490,006 12,602 2.6% 9,262 1.9% 3,340 0.7% WY 188,217 8,567 4.6% 5,849 3.1% 2,718 1.4%    
  1 9 7 0   All For seasonal or Seasonal Occasional Migra- housing occasional use use tory units Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- cent cent cent   US 68,679,030 2,020,087 2.9% 1,022,464 1.5% 997,623 1.5% 54,122   AZ 584,171 15,598 2.7% 5,681 1.0% 9,917 1.7% CO 757,070 31,610 4.2% 15,420 2.0% 16,190 2.1% ID 244,695 13,166 5.4% 6,572 2.7% 6,594 2.7% MT 246,603 13,297 5.4% 6,299 2.6% 6,998 2.8% NV 172,558 3,617 2.1% 923 0.5% 2,694 1.6% NM 325,722 11,072 3.4% 3,824 1.2% 7,248 2.2% UT 315,765 7,117 2.3% 3,951 1.3% 3,166 1.0% WY 116,323 5,178 4.5% 1,993 1.7% 3,185 2.7%  
     1 9 6 0   All For seasonal or Seasonal Occasional housing occasional use use units Number Per- Number Per- Number Per- cent cent cent   US 58,326,357 2,024,381 3.5% 1,742,465 3.0% 281,916 0.5%   AZ 415,834 17,323 4.2% 15,686 3.8% 1,637 0.4% CO 594,522 28,690 4.8% 24,523 4.1% 4,167 0.7% ID 223,533 14,837 6.6% 13,668 6.1% 1,169 0.5% MT 233,310 14,091 6.0% 12,766 5.5% 1,325 0.6% NV 101,623 2,573 2.5% 2,180 2.1% 393 0.4% NM 281,976 10,110 3.6% 8,961 3.2% 1,149 0.4% UT 262,670 5,518 2.1% 4,821 1.8% 697 0.3% WY 113,096 6,545 5.8% 5,996 5.3% 549 0.5%  
   1 9 5 0   All Seasonal housing units Number Per- cent   US 45,983,398 1,050,466 2.3%   AZ 240,750 5,487 2.3% CO 436,226 19,924 4.6% ID 188,328 5,408 2.9% MT 194,256 5,504 2.8% NV 56,515 791 1.4% NM 199,706 4,248 2.1% UT 200,554 2,243 1.1% WY 92,086 2,142 2.3%    
   1 9 4 0   All Seasonal housing units Number Per- cent   US 37,325,470 739,594 2.0%   AZ 147,079 4,725 3.2% CO 354,660 14,806 4.2% ID 152,835 2,626 1.7% MT 177,443 3,302 1.9% NV 36,770 691 1.9% NM 145,642 4,656 3.2% UT 147,291 1,198 0.8% WY 76,868 1,725 2.2%  


Notes: Units that are classified as vacant for seasonal, recreational, or occasional use make up a class that we can call "vacation" homes. These may be big summer estates on Long Island, time-sharing condos in Fort Lauderdale, or simple fishing cabins in northern Michigan. Many analysts have used this category in order to estimate the number of second homes in a given area. In order to make the vacation home category consistent over the decades, "seasonal," "held for occasional use," and "for migrant workers" have been combined. The "occasional use" category was not used in the census of 1940 or 1950. This could partly explain a surge in vacation housing in 1960, although there were not too many units of this type then, when the classification was first used. Counts of seasonal and occasional use vacants are separately provided from 1960 to 1980, but be aware that they were combined in 1990 because evidence indicated enumerators had great difficulty telling them apart.

Housing for migrant workers is included with seasonal before 1990. For comparability, this housing type was added to the 1990 count of seasonal, recreational, or occasional units. Separate counts of migratory vacants are provided for 1990 in case you want to subtract them in order to obtain a cleaner count of vacation homes. The number of migratory vacants has been quite small over the decades.

Counts of seasonal vacants are from 100-percent data for 1980 while counts of occasional use vacants are from sample data. This is a result of a 100-percent computer edit that shifted many occasional use to "other" vacant units.

Any occasional use vacants enumerated as "dilapidated" would not be included in the vacant counts for 1960.

Alaska and Hawaii are not included in U.S. total for 1950.

Source: Housing Then and Now U.S. Census Bureau.

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