Federal Lands in Colorado

Federal lands managed by the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and National Park Service (NPS).


 
Total Acreage of Land Managed by the Forest Service, BLM, FWS, and NPS Federal Agencies in Colorado, Fiscal Years 1964 and 1993 (1)
 
State                               1964                1993      Acreage change
--------------------  ------------------  ------------------  ------------------
 
Arizona                       26,926,251          29,867,616           2,941,365
Colorado                      23,229,253          23,437,010             207,758
Idaho                         32,733,251          32,437,746           (295,505)
Montana                       26,078,794          26,745,613             666,819
Nevada                        53,123,054          56,845,790           3,722,736
New Mexico                    23,250,166          22,920,318           (329,848)
Utah                          33,025,449          32,446,350           (579,099)
Wyoming                       28,970,082          30,103,622           1,133,541
================================================================================
Total                        700,518,245         623,113,504        (77,404,741)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
1994 Total Acreage and Percent Managed by Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Park Service (2)
                                                                                   Total
                                                                                  federal
                                       Bureau                      The four       acreage
                    Total             of Land  Fish and  National   federal    managed by
               acreage of    Forest  Manageme  Wildlife      Park  agencies      the four
State             state\a   Service        nt   Service   Service        \b      agencies
-------------  ----------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ------------
Arizona        72,963,840     15.42     19.54      2.29      3.69     40.94    29,874,028
Arkansas       34,036,480      7.49      0.86      0.88      0.30      9.54     3,246,065
Colorado       66,624,000     21.76     12.46      0.10      0.89     35.21    23,455,115
Idaho          53,487,360     38.23     22.15      0.09      0.19     60.65    32,439,588
Montana        94,109,440     17.92      8.58      0.65      1.30     28.45    26,773,255
Nevada         70,762,880      8.22     67.77      3.24      1.10     80.33    56,846,081
New Mexico     77,822,720     11.98     16.56      0.42      0.49     29.46    22,927,727
Utah           54,338,560     14.92     40.80      0.19      3.85     59.75    32,467,853
Wyoming        62,604,160     14.79     29.38      0.09      3.82     48.08    30,102,224
=========================================================================================
Total       2,340,750,080      8.18     11.41      3.74      3.27     26.60   622,751,526
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   
Number and Percentage of Acres Managed for Conservation by the Four Federal Agencies, by State, as of September 30,1994 (2)
 
                                                            Percentage
                                                 Acreage    of acreage
                                   Acreage   managed for   managed for
State                              managed  conservation  conservation
----------------------------  ------------  ------------  ------------
Arizona                         29,874,028     8,899,060         29.79
Colorado                        23,455,115     5,792,946         24.70
Idaho                           32,439,588     9,674,341         29.82
Montana                         26,773,255     7,431,305         27.76
Nevada                          56,846,081     9,847,651         17.32
New Mexico                      22,927,727     4,106,669         17.91
Utah                            32,467,853     7,403,484         22.80
Wyoming                         30,102,224     7,467,725         24.81
======================================================================
Total                          622,751,526   272,134,302         43.70
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Source:  GAO's analysis of data from the departments of Agriculture
and the Interior. 
 


Notes: Numbers shown in parentheses indicate a decrease. Acreage totals may not add due to rounding. GAO's analysis of data provided by the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior.

Source documents indicated by parentheses and number.

(1)In summary, from the end of fiscal year 1964 through fiscal year 1993, the overall amount of federal land managed by the four major federal land management agencies decreased from about 701 million acres to about 623 million acres, an overall reduction of over 77 million acres, or about 11 percent. Although an overall decrease occurred during this 29-year period, the amount of land managed by the four agencies increased in 46 states and the District of Columbia by almost 21 million acres and decreased in 4 states by over 97 million acres, of which about 96 million acres were in Alaska. Furthermore, the overall decrease is skewed because of two unique situations in Alaska that resulted in the transfer of about 112 million acres of BLM land. The two situations involved the transfer of (1) about 76 million acres to the state of Alaska in accordance with the Alaska Statehood Act of 1958, as amended (Public Law 85-508), and (2) about 36 million acres to Native Alaskans in accordance with the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.).

Excluding these two large land transfers, the overall amount of land managed by the four agencies actually increased by about 34 million acres over the 29-year period, including an increase of about 16 million acres in Alaska. Three of the agencies had increases in the amount of federal land that they managed--the Forest Service's increase was about 5 million acres, FWS' increase was about 65 million acres, and NPS' increase was about 49 million acres. These increases were the result of (1) land transfers from BLM for the purposes of expanding existing, or creating new, national forests, wildlife refuges, and parks in Alaska and (2) new land acquisitions. BLM had a decrease of about 85 million acres, primarily because of transfers of BLM land to other federal agencies such as FWS and NPS. At the end of fiscal year 1993, the four agencies managed over 50 percent of the land in five states and over 25 percent of the land in an additional seven states.

Sources: (1)Federal Lands: Information on Land Owned and on Acreage With Conservation Restrictions. (GAO Report RCED-95-73FS.) and (2) Land Ownership: Information on the Acreage, Management, and Use of Federal and Other Lands (Letter Report, 03/13/96, GAO/RCED-96-40). General Accounting Office, 1995 and 1996. Full text of reports available from General Accounting Office (GAO) Reports

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