Technical Notes

Economic Indicators:

Percent low-income children represents the percent of public school children who participate in the national free school lunch program. To qualify, family income cannot exceed 130 percent of the federal poverty guidelines. In 1994, children in a family of four qualified for free school lunches if their gross annual family income was less than $19,240. Most recent data available is for 1994.
SOURCE: The Colorado Department of Education, Planning and Evaluation Unit.

Average annual wage is total wages paid for the year divided by average annual employment reported by covered employers for the same year. Covered employers are those employers required to pay unemployment insurance. While covered employers exclude certain categories of employees such as sole proprietors, church employees or elected officials, they represent an estimated 95 percent of all employees in the state. Most recent data available is estimated from data available for the January through June 1994 and then multiplied by two as a preliminary estimate. Actual 1994 annual average wage data will not be available until summer of 1995.
SOURCE: The Colorado Department of Labor and Employment, Labor Market Information.

Unemployment rate represents the percent of the civilian labor force who are unemployed. An unemployed person is a person age 16 or older who is not working but who is either available for and actively seeking work or who has been laid off subject to call-back. Most recent data available is for 1994.
SOURCE: The Colorado Department of Labor and Employment, Labor Market Information.

Percentage point increase in mothers in the workforce represents the increase in the percent of all mothers of children under age 18 in the labor force between 1980 and 1990. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Bureau of the Census, STF3A 1980 Table 57, 1990 Table P73.


Family Indicators:

Teen birth rate is expressed as the number of live births to females, ages 15 through 19, per 1,000 females of that same age in the general population. Most recent data available is for 1993.
* indicates less than three events.
SOURCE: Birth data from the Colorado Department of Health, Health Statistics Section; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Percent births to unwed mothers is the percent of all live births to women who report being unmarried at the time of birth. Most recent data available is for 1993.
* indicates less than three events.
SOURCE: Birth data from the Colorado Department of Health, Health Statistics Section.

Percent children living with no parent is the percent of all children under the age of 18 who do not live with either of their biological or adoptive parents. Most of these children live with other relatives. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990 STF1A Table P21.

Juvenile status offense arrest rate is expressed as the number of arrests of juveniles age 17 and younger for offenses that would not be considered crimes if the person arrested were an adult per 1,000 adolescents in the general population age 10 through 17. Status offense arrests include runaways, curfew violations, and liquor law violations. Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Arrest data from the Colorado Department of Public Safety, Crime Information Center; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.


Stress Indicators:

Percent births to mothers with less than a high school education is the percent of all live births to women who report having less than twelve years of education at the time of birth. Most recent data available is for 1993.
* indicates less than three events.
SOURCE: Birth data from the Colorado Department of Health, Health Statistics Section.

Percent births to mothers receiving late or no prenatal care is the percent of all live births to women who report that they either entered prenatal care during the third trimester of their pregnancy or received no prenatal care prior to birth. Most recent data available is for 1993.
* indicates less than three events.
SOURCE: Birth data from the Colorado Department of Health, Health Statistics Section.

Percent of households in same residence less than one year represents the percent of all households who report having lived at their current residence for less than one year. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990 STF3A Table H28.

Adult substance abuse arrest rate is expressed as the number of arrests of adults age 18 and older for substance abuse related crimes per 1,000 population of adults in the general population. Substance abuse related arrests include narcotic drug law violations, liquor law violations and driving under the influence. Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Arrest data from the Colorado Department of Public Safety, Crime Information Center; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Percent households paying 30 percent or more of their income on housing is the percent of all households whose rent or mortgage costs equal or exceed 30 percent of their reported gross monthly income. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 STF3A Tables H51 and H58.


Violence Indicators:

Child abuse and neglect rate is the number of confirmed reports of child abuse or neglect per 1,000 children under age 18 in the general population. Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Abuse and neglect data from the Colorado Department of Human Services, Central Registry for Child Protection; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Violent crime rate is expressed as the number of reported violent crimes per 1,000 persons in the general population. Violent crimes include homicides, forcible rapes, aggravated assaults and robberies (thefts against a person by force or threat of force). Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Arrest data from the Colorado Department of Public Safety, Crime Information Center; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Juvenile violent crime arrest rate is expressed as the number of arrests of juveniles age 17 and younger for violent crimes per 1,000 adolescents in the general population age 10 through 17. Violent crimes include homicides, forcible rapes, aggravated assaults and robberies (thefts against a person by force or threat of force). Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Arrest data from the Colorado Department of Public Safety, Crime Information Center; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.


Capacity Indicators:

Child mental health treatment rate is the number of children less than 18 who received mental health services through the Colorado Division of Mental Health per 1,000 children in the general population. Most recent data available is for fiscal year 1993-1994.
SOURCE: Colorado Division of Mental Health, Decision Support Services; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Adult mental health treatment rate is the number of adults age 18 and older who received mental health services through the Colorado Division of Mental Health per 1,000 adults in the general population. Most recent data available is for fiscal year 1993-1994.
SOURCE: Colorado Division of Mental Health, Decision Support Services; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Juvenile substance treatment rate is the number of adolescents age 12 through 17 who received publicly subsidized alcohol and drug treatment services per 1,000 adolescents of the same age in the general population. Most recent data available is for fiscal year 1993-1994.
SOURCE: Colorado Department of Human Services, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Adult substance treatment rate is the number of adults age 18 and older who received publicly subsidized alcohol and drug treatment services per 1,000 adults in the general population. Most recent data available is for fiscal year 1993-1994.
SOURCE: Colorado Department of Human Services, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Subsidized child care rate is the number of children ages 0 through 12 who received publicly subsidized child care services per 1,000 children of the same age in the general population. Most recent data available is for 1993.
SOURCE: Colorado Department of Human Services, Division of Child Care; population data from the Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government.

Percent Medicaid recipients with a primary care physician is the percent of all Medicaid recipients who have identified a primary care physician for the receipt of their medical care. Most recent data available is for 1994.
SOURCE: Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing.

Physicians per 100,000 population is the proportion of professionally active physicians per 100,000 persons in the general population. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce; City and County Data Book, 1994.

Percent households occupied by homeowner is the proportion of all housing units occupied by the owner or co-owner even if it is mortgaged or not fully paid for. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 STF3A Table H8.

Persons per housing unit is total population minus those persons living in group quarters divided by the total number of occupied housing units. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 STF3A Table H14.

Percent non-English speaking persons represents the percent of all persons age five and older who report that they do not speak English well or do not speak English at all. Most recent data available is for 1990.
SOURCE: The U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 STF3A Table P28.


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