Children, Youth and Environments.
Vol 14, No.2 (2004)
ISSN 1546-2250

Landscape as Playscape: The Effects of Natural Environments on Children’s Play and Motor Development

 

Ingunn Fjørtoft
Telemark University College
Faculty of Arts, Folk Culture and Teacher Education
Norway


Citation: Fjørtoft, Ingunn. (2004). “Landscape as Playscape: The Effects of Natural Environments on Children’s Play and Motor Development.” Children, Youth and Environments 14(2): 21-44. Retrieved [date] from http://www.colorado.edu/journals/cye/


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Abstract

This study investigated the impacts of playing in a natural environment on motor development in children. Methods from landscape ecology were applied for landscape analysis and entered into a Geographic Information System (GIS). Localization of play habitats was done by use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS). A quasi-experimental study was conducted on five-, six-, and seven-year old children with an experimental group playing in a natural environment and a control group playing in a more traditional playground. When provided with a natural landscape in which to play, children showed a statistically significant increase in motor fitness. There were also significant differences between the two groups in balance and co-ordination in favor of the experimental group. The findings indicate that landscape features influence physical activity play and motor development in children.

Keywords: children, natural environment, playscape, landscape ecology, physical activity play, motor development.