IBS Publications ~ 2013

Publications are listed alphabetically by first IBS author

Campbell, Nnenia M., Bevc, Christine A., and J. Steven Picou. 2013. "Perceptions of Toxic Exposure: Considering the 'White Male' and 'Black Female' Effects." Sociological Spectrum 33(4).

Abstract: Research on risk perception suggests that social position produces identifiable patterns in the way that people evaluate potential risks, particularly in locally polluted environments. The present study builds upon this literature by examining perceived risk of exposure to environmental toxins among residents located on the Gulf Coasts of Louisiana and Mississippi following Hurricane Katrina. Demographic information from a sample of residents was used to explore the concepts of the "White Male effect" and the "Black Female effect," discussed in recent research. In support of existing literature, we find that White males tend to be exceptionally risk accepting when asked about potential toxic exposure, whereas Black females tend to be exceptionally risk averse compared to other groups. Our analysis suggests that awareness of differential vulnerability and long-standing conflicts over environmental contamination across the Gulf Coast region have left some residents with heightened sensitivity to the possibility of a locally polluted environment.

Fomby, Paula and Christie A. Sennott. 2013. "Family structure instability and and mobility: The consequences for adolescents' problem behavior." Social Science Research 42: 186-201.

Online Article

Abstract: Adolescents who experience changes in parents' union status are more likely than adolescents in stable family structures to engage in problem behavior. We ask whether the link between family structure transitions and problem behavior in adolescence may be explained in part by the residential and school mobility that co-occur with family structure change. Our analysis uses nationally-representative data from a two- generation study to assess the relative effects of family instability and mobility on the self-reported problem behavior of adolescents who were 12-17 years old in 2006. Residential and school mobility only minimally attenuate the association of family structure changes with behavior problems for younger girls and older adolescents. Exposure to peer pressure has a larger attenuating effect. We conclude that although mobility often co-occurs with family structure change, it has independent effects on problem behavior.

Karreth, Johannes and Jaroslav Tir. 2013. "International Institutions and Civil War Prevention." Journal of Politics 75(1):96-109.

Online Article

Abstract: We examine the potential of highly structured intergovernmental organizations (HSIGOs) to prevent the escalation of low-level, domestic armed conflicts in member states to civil wars. A state's membership in HSIGOs alters the bargaining game between the government and rebels by increasing the costs of escalation (e.g., via sanctions) and decreasing the amount of benefits the state hoped to receive from future international cooperation. The anticipation of such consequences provides the government with an increased interest in settling the conflict before it escalates. This in turn also mitigates an important aspect of uncertainty associated with bargaining failure, including enhancing the credibility of commitments. Empirical analyses and follow-up tests of all domestic armed conflicts from 1945 to 2000 provide robust support for the hypothesized conflict-management function of HSIGO memberships.