IBS Newsletter

December 1999


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

CU's Council on Research and Creative Work awarded John V. O'Loughlin (Political and Economic Change Program) $2,000 to support the conference "New Methodologies for the Social Sciences: The Development and Application of Spatial Analysis for Political Methodology."

This proposed conference will bring together for the first time many leading practitioners of spatial analysis applied to political subjects and will build significantly on the existing reputation of the University of Colorado at Boulder as a center for training and research in this comparatively new field. The stimulus for the conference lies in the tentative and sporadic attempts by geographers and political methodologists to engage each other in the common problem of how to analyze political phenomena that are spatially arranged, like electoral results on the basis of precinct counts or the geographic distribution of wars or coups d'état. The conference, organized by O'Loughlin and Michael Ward (University of Washington, formerly of IBS) will be held at the University of Colorado on the weekend of March 10-12, 2000, and will feature research presentations, demonstrations, and commentaries by CU faculty, statistical consultants, and graduate students. Four of the presenters received their Ph.D.s from CU Geography or Political Science in the past 5 years, and the conference will extend this reputation by engaging a new generation of graduate students in the spatial analysis of political phenomena.

The conference is supported by CU's Council on Research and Creative Work, the Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science (NSF), and the Institute of Behavioral Science. For information, see http://www.colorado.edu/IBS/PEC/spatialconf.html

Program Activities

Political and Economic Change Program

Keith E. Maskus attended the World Trade Organization and World Bank conference on "Developing Countries and the Millennium Round," on September 20-21 in Geneva, Switzerland. He presented an invited paper "Competition Policy in the Developing Countries: Interests in Unilateral and Multilateral Initiatives." He also attended the Institute for International Economics conference on "Preparing for the Seattle Ministerial" on October 26 in Washington D.C. He presented an invited paper "Intellectual Property Rights: Issues for the New Round." He presented his invited paper "Intellectual Property Rights and Licensing: An Econometric Investigation," (joint with Guifang Yang) at Purdue University's Conference on Empirical Investigations in International Trade on November 12-14. On November 16, he was the keynote speaker at Case Western Reserve University, Law School's Symposium on Beyond the TRIPS Agreement in Cleveland, Ohio, Maskus presented his invited paper "Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development."

Thomas F. Mayer delivered a series of lectures on his research about class dynamics at the Havens Center of the Department of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, on November 8-11. He lectured on Principles of Class Dynamics which featured an interpretation of the phenomenon of class polarization, and lectured on Applications of Class Dynamics which focused on a class dynamics interpretation of the collapse of Soviet Communism. The series culminated with a seminar on Conceptual and Methodological Problems of Dynamic Theory. Mayer was also interviewed on a local Madison radio station on the relevance of Marxist theory for understanding current political and economic problems.

In Print

Keith E. Maskus and Christine McDaniel. November 1999. "Impacts of the Japanese Patent System on Productivity Growth," Japan and the World Economy, 2(4), pp. 557-574. In this paper the authors investigate empirically how the Japanese patent system has affected post-war growth in Japanese total factor productivity. The system has been criticized for numerous reasons, including that it encourages numerous filings of narrow claims that build incrementally on fundamental technologies developed by domestic and foreign inventors. Stated in different terms, the system was designed to promote technological catch-up and diffusion through incremental innovation. However, its effectiveness in achieving this purpose has not been studied systematically. The authors provide econometric evidence that the technology diffused through the Japanese patent system had a significant and positive impact on Japan's technical progress.

Environment and Behavior Program

James R. (Russ) McGoodwin organized and hosted an on-campus conference which was supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO/UN). The conference, "Enhancing the Contribution of Fisheries to Food Security: Social and Cultural Considerations," was held November 2-4.

In attendance were an international group of experts from Canada, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, and the United States. The purpose of the meeting was to make recommendations regarding formulation of FAO/UN policy regarding fisheries and food security.

McGoodwin has been invited to join the Advisory Board of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) in London. The MSC is a "third party" advisor to the United Nations regarding international fisheries treaties and policies. Its main role is to advise the UN on all matters associated with the certification of fisheries utilization, especially accreditation schemes for achieving sustainable fisheries.

In Print

John D. Wiener, 1999. "Property, Agency, Time, Culture, Spirit," a section in Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity, A Complementary Contribution to the Global Biodiversity Assessment: Darrell Posey, Ed., United Nations Environment Programme and Intermediate Technology Publications. This is an essay on cultural aspects of common property management of local wildlife resources, and the relevant economic discount rates involved in wildlife management.

Comfort, L., B. Wisner, S. Cutter, R. Pulwarty, K. Hewitt, A. Oliver-Smith, J. Wiener, M. Fordham, W. Peacock and F. Krimgold, 1999. "Reframing disaster policy the global evolution of vulnerable communities." Environmental Hazards 1(1)39-44. This "policy forum" article in the first issue of the new journal is one result from a panel discussion organized by John Wiener, for the Natural Hazards Research Applications and Information Center's 1997 Annual Workshop.

Natural Hazards Center

Dennis S. Mileti gave a speech to the annual meeting of the Interagency Steering Committee of the Federal Emergency Management Agency Region 8 in Denver, on November 3. The speech was titled "Disasters by Design" and summarized the major research and policy recommendations of the second assessment on natural hazards.

Mileti also presented a speech to the State of the Planet Conference on November 16. The conference was held at Columbia University in New York City to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. His speech was titled "Assessment of Natural Hazards in the U.S." and was part of his and the Natural Hazards Center's effort to disseminate the findings of the Second Assessment. Recommendations were made to integrate physical, natural, social, and behavioral science approaches to work on problems and to provide interdisciplinary educational programs.

The Natural Hazards Research and Application Information Center has joined forces with the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) to co-sponsor a new journal titled the Natural Hazards Review. The journal is the first one of its kind to bring together all fields of knowledge and research applicable to natural hazards mitigation. The Co-Editors-In-Chief for the publication are Dennis Mileti and James Beavers of the Mid-America Earthquake Engineering Center at the University of Illinois; the Associate Co-Editor-in-Chief is Lori Peek, who is a graduate research assistant with IBS's Natural Hazards Center, and enrolled in the CU's Department of Sociology.

Problem Behavior Program

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Delbert S. Elliott was the keynote speaker on November 10, 1999, at "Building a Violence Free Community," a Community Forum at Penn State University in York, Pennsylvania. Elliott spoke about the Blueprints Project in his address, "Investing Wisely in Violence Prevention Programs: What We Know Works." On November 11-12, Elliott presented on CSPV's Safe Communities-Safe Schools Initiative at the conference "In Response to School Violence: School Peace" at New York University. On November 17-20, Elliott attended the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting in Toronto, Canada, in which he participated as a discussant.

Sharon Mihalic presented at the Massachusetts Coalition for Juvenile Firesetter Programs in Westford, Massachusetts "Blueprints: A Violence Prevention Initiative - 10 Model Programs that Really Work" on November 12.

Jane Grady, Jennifer Carroll, Holly Bell, and Tiffany Shaw participated in the meeting of the State School Safety Centers, November 16 and 17, in Portland, Oregon. The meeting was hosted by the National Resource Center for Safe Schools of the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. The meeting facilitated communication among the different state centers and created a network of school safety resources, experts, and best practices.

Shaw and Carroll presented "Safe Communities-Safe Schools" to an audience of parents and school representatives at the 30th Annual Families, Schools and Communities Conference, sponsored by the Colorado Department of Education. The conference was held on November 5 in Denver, Colorado.

Landa Heys hosted an exhibit at the 1999 Healthy Communities, Healthy Youth Conference in Denver, Colorado on November 11-12. The conference was hosted by the Search Institute and focused on helping communities, practitioners, and organizations to develop the Assets Building model in their initiatives.

Population Processes Program

Richard Rogers, Robert Hummer, Charles Nam, and Chris Ellison were given the Outstanding Paper Award in Humility Theology by the John Templeton Foundation for their article, "Religious Participation and U.S. Adult Mortality," in Demography.

In Print

Rogers, Richard G., Robert Hummer, Charles Nam, and Chris Ellison. 1999. "Religious Participation and U.S. Adult Mortality." Demography, 36(2), pp. 273-285.

Pampel, Fred. 1999. Sociological Lives and Ideas: An Introduction to the Classical Theorists. New York: Worth Publishers. This book covers complex topics and ideas in a way that undergraduate students can understand and appreciate, by emphasizing the biographies of five (Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, and Mead) of the classical theorists and founders of sociology. The author uses personal and historical background to help explain the problems and issues the theorists selected for study and the logical progression of their thought. The work of each of these theorists helped transform the social philosophy of earlier centuries into the modern discipline of sociology and continues to directly influence researchers and scholars today.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Contributions for IBS Web pages should continue to be forwarded to the Data Analysis Center. This should include short biographical statements for individuals, recent representative publications, and information about grants and other funding.

In Print

Averett, Susan, Richard Warner, Jani Little, and Peter Huxley. 1999. "Labor Supply, Disability Benefits and Mental Illness." Eastern Economic Journal, 25 (3), pp. 279-288. In this article, the authors build and estimate a structural labor supply model that explicitly models the budget constraint faced by mentally ill individuals eligible for SSI benefits using a unique data set of mentally ill individuals who are eligible for disability benefits.


In Focus

Bipolar Affective Disorder: What Is the Role of the Family Environment?

David J. Miklowitz received his Bachelor's degree from Brandeis University in 1979 and his doctorate from UCLA in 1985. From 1985-99, he was a postdoctoral fellow at UCLA, where he received a Young Investigator Award from the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression. In 1989, he came to CU as an assistant professor. He specializes in bipolar affective disorder, with an emphasis on treatment/outcome research. His recent book with Michael Goldstein, "Bipolar Disorder: A Family-Focused Treatment Approach" (Guilford Press, 1997) won an Outstanding Research Publication Award from the American Association of Marital and Family Therapy.

Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness) has long been recognized as a significant and debilitating psychiatric disorder. It is characterized by wide mood swings from the highest of highs (mania) to the lowest of lows (depression). During mania, patients experience euphoria, irritability, a decreased need for sleep, grandiose thinking, increased activity, and racing thoughts, and behave impulsively. When depressed, they are slowed down, lose interest in things, feel sad, worthless, and suicidal, have difficulty sleeping, and have trouble concentrating. Bipolar disorder affects about 1.5% of the population and is usually manifested by late adolescence.

Most people with bipolar disorder are successfully treated with mood-stabilizing medications like lithium carbonate, divalproex sodium (Depakote), or carbamazepine (Tegretol). But many have recurrences even when they stick with their drug regimes. One goal of psychological research is to try to determine why some bipolar people have recurrences earlier than others, even when they do take medication. If social stress factors that provoke episodes can be identified, then one can design psychological treatments-delivered in combination with medications-to modify these provoking agents.

My work has focused on adult bipolar patients who live with their parents or spouse. My colleagues and I have found that bipolar patients who return, following an episode of mania or depression, to a conflictual family or marital environment are at greater risk for recurrences than those who return to low-key, low-conflict family environments. This does not mean that families cause patients to relapse. In fact, we've found that patients often verbally or nonverbally provoke their parents or spouses and contribute to the overall level of stress in the household. Our research proceeds with the assumption that modifying disturbances in the family or marital environment during the phases after an active period of illness may improve the course of the patient's disorder.

Our intervention method, family-focused treatment (FFT), is nine months long and consists of three phases: education for the patient and family about bipolar disorder, communication enhancement training, and training in problem-solving. We tested its effects in two separate, randomized clinical trials, one at CU and the other at UCLA. Both compared medication plus FFT to a comparison condition consisting of medication and individually-oriented psychotherapy (UCLA) or medication and individually-oriented crisis intervention (CU). Both studies found that patients in FFT had fewer recurrences and longer periods of wellness than patients in the comparison treatments. The CU study also found that FFT improved the emotional tone of the family's communication over nine months of treatment, above what was observed in the comparison treatment.

My most recent work has focused on three interrelated areas: treatment of high-risk adult bipolar patients through an intervention model that combines family and individual therapy; the application of family intervention methods to adolescents coping with bipolar disorder; and methods for training community clinicians in family intervention methods.


Funding Opportunities

The University's Council on Water Resources is offering awards for two outstanding Ph.D. dissertations on water issues, one in each of the following categories: 1) Water Policy and Socio-Economics, and 2) Natural Science and Engineering. Ph.D. dissertations completed within the last two years or near completion from a UCOWR member university will be considered. The award consists of a certificate and $750 cash award; waiver of registration fee and reimbursement of up to $1,000 for travel expenses to the UCOWR annual meeting. Deadline is January 14, 2000. Contact Chuck Howe, (303-492-7245 or charles.howe@colorado.edu) for more information.


Spring 2000 Human Research Committee Deadlines

Application Deadline (Monthly Meeting)

For further information please contact Sheryl Jensen at (303) 492-7099 in the Graduate School or visit our web site @ http://www.Colorado.EDU/GraduateSchool/HRC


Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

D.S. Elliott
Safe communities-safe schools
Colorado Trust, 10/01/99 - 9/30/02, new, $1,000,000


Research Proposals Submitted

Problem Behavior Program

D.S. Elliott, S. Menard, D. Huizinga, J. Hewitt, and J. DeFries
NYS family study: problem alcohol use and problem behavior (revision of ROIAA 11949)
NIAAA, 07/01/00 - 06/30/05, new, $6,924,274

Environment and Behavior Program

MF Myers and D.S. Mileti
A proposal to develop guidance and expertise on sustainable recovery from disaster for communities
Public Entity Risk Inst, 01/01/00 - 08/31/01, new, $175,024


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Sugandha Brooks, Newsletter Editor
Julie Klauss, Assistant Editor
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU