IBS Newsletter

May 1999


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

Alice M. Fothergill, graduate research assistant in the Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center and graduate student in the Sociology Department, is one of two graduate students to tie for first prize of the Graduate Student Research and Creative Work Award for 1998-99. This award is presented by the Graduate School and cuts across all disciplines on campus. Her work is related to social stratification and disasters.

Program Activities

Political and Economic Change Program

Walter J. Stone is currently on leave from the University of Colorado and IBS as a Visiting Professor, Department of Political Science at Stanford University in California. He can be reached via his email address: wstone@leland.stanford.edu.

News and notes of current and former research assistants and interns: Jay McCann, former research assistant and intern, is currently Associate Professor of political science, Purdue University. Patricia A. Jaramillo, intern, won a special opportunity fellowship from IBS that helped support her research. Lori M. Weber, intern, will complete her Ph.D. in political science this summer, and begin her career as an Assistant Professor at California State University, Chico. Gregory S. Pastor is a graduate of CU and the article below resulted from his work as a Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship student.

Political and Economic Change Program
In Print

Stone, Walter J., Gregory S. Pastor, and Ronald B. Rapoport. May 1999. "Candidate-Centered Sources of Party Change: The Case of Pat Robertson, 1988." Journal of Politics, 61(2), pp. 423-44. The highly permeable nature of presidential nomination campaigns creates opportunities for insurgent candidates like Pat Robertson to change the parties. Such candidates attract under- represented interests and mobilize them into nomination campaign activity. The authors demonstrate that this nomination-stage mobilization tends to carry over and spill over into the general election stage, both in the party's campaign for President and in U.S. House campaigns. Robertson's candidacy had extraordinary potential to change the Republican Party because his supporters were very different from supporters of other candidates, and a large proportion were newcomers to active involvement in the presidential nomination process.

Stone, Walter J., James A. McCann, and Ronald B. Rapoport. January 1999. "Heeding the Call: An Assessment of Mobilization into H. Ross Perot's 1992 Presidential Campaign." American Journal of Political Science, 43(1), pp. 1-28. The authors find that active mobilization into the early stages of Perot's campaign was influenced by a positive view of Perot, support for some of the issues on the candidate's agenda, contact from the Perot campaign, and experience participating in politics prior to 1992. During the fall stage of the campaign, Perot lost recruits due to the increasingly partisan nature of the contest and concerns about Perot's chances of winning. The general dynamic of declining support for third-party candidates in the partisan campaign appears to hold in the Perot case, although the decline in support among activists was nowhere near as dramatic as the decline in the general public.

Stone, Walter J., Ronald B. Rapoport, Patricia A. Jaramillo, and Lori M. Weber. "The Activist Base of the Reform Party in 1996: Problems and Prospects." 1999. Pages 190-211 in John C. Green and Daniel M. Shea (Eds.) The State of the Parties: The Changing Role of Contemporary American Parties. Third Edition. Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield. This chapter compares national samples of Reform, Democratic, and Republican party contributors on a number of dimensions to determine how the Reform Party compares with the two major parties. On issues related more directly to the Reform agenda such as term limits, balancing the budget, and economic nationalism, the Reform Party is better situated than the two major parties to identify and mobilize its constituency. The historic success of the Perot movement and Reform Party in the 1992 and 1996 elections notwithstanding, the ability of the party to endure as a third force in American national politics is still very much in doubt.

Problem Behavior Program

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Jennifer K. Grotpeter attended the Society of Research in Child Development biannual meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico on April 14-18. A paper she co-authored "Long Term Impact of Violence Exposure on Behavior and Social Cognition among Inner City Children," was presented at the symposium, "Community Violence and Its Relation to Children's Cognitions About their Social Worlds."

Jane M. Grady, Diane M. Hansen, and Tiffany Shaw participated in the Safe Schools: Safe Communities National Tele-conference on April 16. The downlink was hosted at St. Joseph's Hospital in Denver. The broadcast was a part of a six-part training series on Partnerships for Preventing Violence.

Delbert S. Elliott delivered the keynote speech, "Best Practices: How to Implement Effective Programs in Your Setting" at the Arizona Prevention Resource Center's conference on "Prevention through Collaboration" on April 20 in Phoenix.

Tonya Aultman-Bettridge presented the paper, "Juvenile Justice Policing Analysis: A Critical Review," at the University of Florida Juvenile Justice Symposium on March 17. The paper will be featured in the Journal of Law and Public Policy.

Jane Grady and Tiffany Shaw visited Fairview High School in Boulder on March 11, where they delivered a CSPV presentation to Fairview's new student organization, "We The People."

Aultman-Bettridge, Grady, and Shaw attended the 12th National Youth Crime Prevention Conference and not, as stated in last month's Newsletter, Grotpeter and Jebe.

Environment and Behavior Program

Gilbert F. White joined in a meeting in Washington, DC on April 15-16 of the Flood Committee of the National Institute of Building Sciences to review plans to prepare estimates of potential flood damage for the United States. It was decided to proceed with preparation of damage estimates, using Census Blocks as the unit for calculations, and mapping as part of the Federal Emergency Management Agency's HAZUS program.

Population Processes Program

Robert F. McNown attended the annual meeting of the Population Association of America on March 25-27 in New York City. He presented the paper "Time Series Modeling of Fertility and the Female Labor Market," (co-authored with Sameer Rajbhandary, graduate student in the Population Program). A multiple time series model is employed to investigate relations among total fertility, female wages, female labor force participation, and male relative cohort size. Long run trends and short run fluctuations in the series are modeled with co-integration methods. One long run equilibrium relation among the series is found, and all four variables enter this relation with significant coefficients. The labor market variables respond significantly to fertility shocks and to departures from the equilibrium relation, although fertility does not respond significantly to shocks in the labor market variables. The same unidirectional effects appear between long run fertility and labor market trends.

Population Processes Program
In Print

Andrei Rogers and Raymer, James. January 1999. "The Regional Demographics of the Elderly Foreign-born and Native-born Populations in the United States since 1950." Research on Aging, 21(1), pp. 3-35.

Andrei Rogers and Raymer, James. March 1999. "Fitting Observed Demographic Rates with the Multi-exponential Model Schedule: An Assessment of Two Estimation Programs." Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, 2(1), pp. 1-10.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

There have been increased reports of Word and Excel macro viruses including the well-publicized Melissa virus. The safest approach with these programs is to go to "Tools," "Options," and then "General" tab. If "Macro virus protection" is checked there, the user will be warned and asked if macros should be enabled before any document with macros will open. Choose disable, the default, unless you are certain the file is virus free. Contact the Social Science Data Analysis Center for assistance with virus protection and scanning. There are several good commercial anti-virus programs and one macro virus program that is free for personal use. The University does not have a site license for anti-virus software.

If you have computing problems, questions, or comments, send e-mail to SSDAC@Colorado.EDU.


In Focus

Globalization and Democracy Program

The graduate training program on "Globalization and Democracy" (GAD) is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and currently enrolls 15 graduate students. The focus of the training program is an interdisciplinary approach to the relationships between economic globalization and political transitions, including democratization and reversals towards autocracy. It is based in the research Program in Political and Economic Change with the collaboration of the Departments of Economics, Geography, Political Science, and Sociology. Additional support from the Graduate School of the University of Colorado allows fellowship support for a foreign student each year. The training program began in 1995 with the first class of students entering in 1996. The first graduate of the program, Kristian Gleditsch, will receive his Ph.D. in Political Science this summer. Pictured at far left: Valerie Ledwith, Jim Russell, Renske Doorenspleet; back row: Ian Feinhandler, Paul Kubicek (Kenneth Boulding Post-Doctoral Fellow), Dossym Nokenov, Professor Jim Scarritt; second row: Brock Tessman, Takahi Yamasaki, Jason Green; front row: Professor John O'Loughlin, Francesca Odella, Robyn Marschke. [Large Image]

The Program

With such a broad compass linking economic globalization and political changes, the faculty of the program decided at the outset to focus training and research on six specialty areas: a) globalization of economic processes; b) possibilities for democracy in a globalizing economy; c) transformations of the meaning and practice of citizenship; d) legitimacy of political and governmental structures; e) accountability in the face of transnational economic forces; and f) ethno-national conflict and accommodation. Students apply for admission to the degree programs in the four collaborating departments noted above, and write separate essays indicating their interest in, and preparation for, training in one of the six specialty areas. Upon admission, students are equally funded by the GAD fellowships and teaching and research assistantships for the duration of their degree programs. In their first year at CU, all incoming students take the two-semester seminar sequence during which they are introduced to the main research themes of the six areas and develop their own individual research projects, in cooperation with their GAD mentor and the course instructor. It is expected that these projects will eventually form the basis of the dissertation. The course-work is supplemented by the fortnightly research seminars, by individual mentoring and close inter-disciplinary research collaboration with the GAD faculty, by extended visits from prominent researchers and post-doctoral fellows working on GAD subjects, and by GAD support for the students for extra-mural methods and language training, field work and courses. To support their individual dissertation field-work and research, GAD students have been successful in obtaining further support from NSF.

The Students

Admission to the GAD program is competitive and many of the applicants are recommended by CU graduates who were active in the PPEC program as students. An interest in interdisciplinary training and research, as well as an ability to balance the demands of the usual departmental degree requirements with the expectations of the GAD program, are essential.

Currently, students are enrolled in the Ph.D. programs in all four collaborating departments. Joint publications with fellow students from other disciplines on subjects of mutual interest, co-authorship of research articles with GAD faculty in an interdisciplinary team, and projects that reflect methodological and technical variations not typically seen within disciplines are hallmarks of the student experience. Student dissertation and research projects span the globe and include sites in Ukraine, Russia, Japan, Poland, Turkey, Israel/Palestine, Seychelles, Germany, India, Mexico, Chile, Indonesia, and the United States.

Summary

The GAD program has a clear mandate: to integrate teaching and research in an interdisciplinary environment. The focus of the program is the rapid changes experienced by societies around the world as a result of economic and social change. At the end of the training program, students understand the important globalization forces, are equipped with interdisciplinary knowledge and skills, in addition to their major departmental training, and have been exposed to a variety of methodological domains. With this unusual combination of traditional disciplinary and non-traditional interdisciplinary backgrounds, the GAD students will be ready to face the challenges of teaching and research in the new millennium.

For more information on the GAD program, including the syllabi for seminars, faculty and student profiles, areas of specialty, and research projects, visit the GAD homepage: http://www.colorado.edu/IBS/GAD/gad.html.


Human Research Deadlines

By federal law, all faculty, staff, and student research that involves any contact with human subjects requires some level of prior review and approval. All new protocols requiring regular review are due in the Graduate School office by 4:15 pm on the following dates:
May 19
June 16
July 28

Contact Sheryl Jensen in the Graduate School at 2-7099 for more information on regular, expedited, and exempt review and to obtain appropriate forms. Forms are also available in department offices. Be sure you are using the most current version of the form. You can also check their Web Site at http://www.colorado.edu/GraduateSchool/HRC/.


Research Proposals Funded

Political and Economic Change Program

L.A. Staeheli
Collaborative research: changing structures of knowledge and relevancy: understanding the sociology of geographical research on public space
NSF, 07/01/99 - 06/30/00, new, $11,902

Environment and Behavior Program

J. McCabe
The contribution of anthropology and economics to an integrated modeling and assessment system for conserving biodiversity in spatially extensive pastoral ecosystems in East Africa
CSU, 03/19/99 - 09/30/99, $8,700


Research Proposals Submitted

Political and Economic Change Program

J.V. O'Loughlin, E.S. Greenberg, R. Jessor, J. Menken, and L.A. Staeheli
IGERT-Pre-proposal-globalization and human well being
NSF, 05/01/00 - 04/30/05, new, $2,681,995


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Richard Jessor, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Sugandha Brooks, Newsletter Editor
Richard L. Cook, Web site coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU