Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado
Julie Wolf, a graduate student in clinical psychology whose advisor is Richard Jessor, completed her Ph.D. dissertation on March 13. The title of her dissertation paper is "Developmental Trajectories of Delinquent Behavior in Adolescence."
Leonard T. Wright, former Research Assistant and now intern at the Natural Hazards Center, has been granted the first Floodplain Management Graduate Fellowship award by the Association of State Floodplain Managers. The title of his research project is "Long-Term Evaluation of Innovative Urban Floodplain Management Practices." Simulation and optimization methods will be developed to devise more sustainable, neighborhood-based, urban water infrastructure systems. Innovative techniques include on-site detention, enhanced infiltration techniques, water reuse, etc. This research will focus on developing systems that effectively manage all stormwater events from minor storms, where water quality control is important, to major floods, where protection of public health and minimizing economic damages are critical.
Robert K. Davis was in Vienna at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis on April 7-9. He was working with the population program on the water supply and demand model for their "Population, Development, Environment" modeling study of Namibia, Botswana, and Mozambique.
On March 26-29 Anthony J. Bebbington attended the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers in Boston. He presented the paper "Social Capital and Political Ecological Change in Highland Ecuador." The paper analyzes the utility of the concept of social capital for political ecology by building on recent statements calling for greater emphasis in environment and development research on the roles of organized actors and civil society. Bebbington also co-organized two sessions with Simon Batterbury of Brunel University, United Kingdom and visiting professor at CU-Boulder on the themes of "Environmental Histories and Access to Resources in Latin America and Africa." These sessions brought together eight speakers and two discussants. Together, the papers and commentaries investigated different dimensions of the relationships between environmental change, livelihoods, and institutions over different historical and contemporary periods. Their papers will be prepared for a special journal issue.
On March 24-25 at Clark University in Worcester, Mass., Bebbington helped organize a joint meeting of graduate students and faculty from CU-Boulder and Clark University. The meeting discussed key conceptual and methodological issues in cultural and political ecology in geography, and compared current graduate student research in the field being conducted at both universities.
On March 20 Bebbington attended a meeting at the Institute for International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. He presented an invited paper "Sustaining the Andes? Social Capital and Rural Regeneration in Bolivia" for the Environmental Politics working group, an interdisciplinary group of faculty and graduate students from universities in the Bay Area. In the paper, Bebbington addresses the long-term implications of contemporary processes of political, economic, institutional and environmental change in the Andes, through an analysis of peasant livelihood strategies in the high Andes, cloud forest, and coca producing regions of Bolivia.
John D. Wiener (Visiting Research Associate) attended a meeting of the "Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research" on March 14-16 in Boulder. He presented the paper "The Dimensions of Humans in Human Dimensions--Go North." This paper compares the radical shift of Franz Boas from his roots as an environmental determinist geographer to a historical particularist anthropologist with current trends in social sciences as they are being applied in human dimensions of global change work versus the current trends in social sciences as they are now heading. The presentation illustrated some of the general modeling efforts and argued that the admirable concentration of work on relatively few cases in Arctic nature-society studies is an important complement to the more common work in human dimensions.
On March 23 Alice Fothergill (Graduate Research Assistant) presented the talk "Religion, Humor, and Anger: Family Responses to Crisis" to members of the Drake Club, a group of women who survived the Colorado Big Thompson Canyon flood in 1976. On April 4 she attended the Midwest Sociological Society's annual meeting in Kansas City, Missouri and presented the talk "Women in Disasters: Recreating Everyday Lives in Extraordinary Times." In Denver, on April 6 at the Western Social Science Association's annual conference she did another presentation entitled "Women, Charity, and Impression Management."
Richard G. Rogers and Jay Olshansky (University of Chicago) presented the paper "Emerging Infectious Diseases: The Fifth State of the Epidemiologic Transition?" at the Population Association of America meeting on April 2-4 in Chicago. The paper addresses the question: could the re-emergence of infectious and parasitic diseases (IPDs) signal a new, perhaps fifth stage of the epidemiologic transition? Deaths from re-emerging IPDs are mostly concentrated at younger ages as in the first stage, but now there are some diseases directly associated with a growing immunocompromised population. In addition, there are a number of genuinely new diseases emerging as a direct result of human action--including the pesticide and antibiotic-resistant viruses, bacteria, and disease vectors that cause tuberculosis, e-coli, meningitis, and malaria. The demographic and longevity effects of these re-emerging IPDs are also quite unique--the age structure is modified at all ages, life expectancy at birth can decline rather than rise, and on a population's fertility. The authors consider whether there are such unique attributes to this "new" trend in infectious disease mortality that it qualifies as a distinct stage in our epidemiologic history.
Andrei Rogers presented a paper, co-authored with James Raymer, on "Estimating the Interregional Migration Patterns of the Foreign-Born and Native-Born Populations in the United States: 1950-1990" at the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers in Boston on March 25-28. Rogers was also an invited guest speaker at the Federal-State Cooperative for Population Projections Meeting in Chicago on April 1. His talk described his NICHD-funded research project on immigration and the redistribution of the foreign-born population in the United States during the past half century.
On March 23, Jennifer Grotpeter was a guest speaker at the National Conference on Juvenile Justice in Orlando, Florida. She spoke on program evaluation and the Center's Blueprints project.
Delbert Elliott delivered a presentation at the Maine Regional Community Policing Institute in Rockport, Maine on March 24. He addressed representatives of the law enforcement community and explained to them the Center's Blueprints project and its impact on violence prevention.
Tonya Aultman-Bettridge attended the first focus group meeting for the "Youth Gun Violence" project. The focus group convened on April 10 in Durango.
Another popular application among IBS users is Netscape, and now the Communicator version 4.05 is available. In addition to Web browsing, it provides an alternative to Pine for e-mail and is free. Check with the Data Analysis Center to have it installed or to find out about the latest releases and upgrades for other software that you might be using.
See http://www.colorado.edu/IBS/DAC/news.html for computing and networking news and notes that should be of interest to IBS users. Selected items appear in the printed IBS Newsletter. If you have computing problems, questions, or comments send e-mail to SSDAC@Colorado.EDU.
Our team (including Miriam Jebe and Greg Ungar) is charged with providing general technical assistance to the nearly 200 agencies that receive state crime prevention funds, and in particular, providing in-depth technical assistance to 40 of those programs. We are consulting with those agencies to aid them in conducting pre- and post-tests with their clients, with the goal of measuring change in risk and protective factors that have been theoretically linked to violence and crime. Additionally, our team is conducting aggregated outcome analyses upon ten geopolitical areas around Colorado that have received a large portion of these state funds. The goal is to map official data (such as crime data or school district data) over the years the programs were funded and to evaluate whether or not the programs appear to have impacted larger societal variables.
I became interested in prevention and intervention programs while an undergraduate at Duke University. My research opportunities there included participation in a prevention program for aggressive boys, collecting archival police data to follow up an intervention sample, and behavioral coding of early adolescents in playgroups. I was concerned that although research on aggression was quite solid for boys, aggressive girls were not being studied with nearly the frequency of their male counterparts. Even though I understood the rates of physical aggression were higher for boys than for girls, it seemed girls could be just as aggressive as boys, but the expression was different.
In graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, I worked with Dr. Nicki Crick, collaborating in the study of what we termed relational aggression; that is, harming others through the manipulation of relationships. Using peer nomination instruments as well as teacher and parent rating forms, we found this form of aggression to be more typical of girls than boys, and when both relational as well as physical aggression were assessed, we generally found girls were aggressive at nearly the same rates as boys. My focus was the study of aggression within dyadic relationships, particularly aggressive children's friendships, their relationships with their caregivers, and their caregivers' relationships with each other. Essentially, it appears relationally aggressive children do develop and maintain friendships, but the characteristics of these friendships are different from those of their nonaggressive peers and different still from their physically aggressive peers. Additionally, there was evidence that characteristics of relationally aggressive children's family relationships showed patterns similar to those of their physically aggressive peers in only some respects (e.g., their caregivers were aggressive toward each other, but the form of interparental aggression did not necessarily match the form of their child's aggressive behavior).
In my future work, I would like to further examine aggression within dyadic relationships, with a particular emphasis on bringing together what is known about aggression within the developmental and clinical psychology literatures and what is known about violence within the sociology and criminology literatures.
The National Institutes of Health is updating the policy about the acceptance of applications requesting direct costs of $500,000 or more for any one year. Previously this policy applied only to new unsolicited applications. Now the policy is being extended to all unsolicited applications.
Spatial redistribution of the foreign-born population
NIH, 05/01/96 - 04/30/99, supp, $44,465
REU supplement to: The transition to democracy in Ukraine
NSF, 02/01/97 - 07/31/98, supp, $5,000
There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.