Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado
Several staff members from the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV) participated in the 1997 American Society of Criminologists Conference in San Diego, CA on November 18-22. Delbert S. Elliott presented "Developmental Adaptation of a Learning-Reinforcement Model for Crime, Delinquency and Drug Use: A Life-course Perspective." Kirk R. Williams and Tonya Aultman-Bettridge presented "Homicide Between Intimate Partners: Trends and Implications." Tonya Aultman-Bettridge and Sabrina Arrendondo presented a talk, "Promising Approaches in the Prevention and Intervention of Youth Gun Violence." Jane Grady and Sharon Mihalic hosted an exhibit of the Blueprints project and publications.
The CSPV Information House hosted a press conference at the University of Colorado Glen Miller Lounge on December 10, 1997 to announce the identification of the ten Blueprint programs. The Blueprints are ten exemplary violence prevention programs. During this event, Elliott addressed media, criminal justice professionals, and University of Colorado affiliates concerning issues of current violence prevention programs, program evaluation, and program replication. The press conference was well received and covered by the national, state and local media.
Delbert S. Elliott presented the paper "Prevention Programs that Work for Youth: Violence Prevention," at the Aspen Institute's Congressional Seminar: Education and the Development of American Youth. The program was held on February 13 in Charleston, SC.
In January 1998 the CSPV received an award for its informative Web site by HandsNet, a national nonprofit organization that uses information technology to foster information sharing throughout the human services community.
Richard G. Rogers was invited to Ohio State University on January 30 to present findings from his latest research, "The Effects of Family Composition on Mortality." On February 13 at the University of Texas, at Austin, he discussed new developments to his research in a talk entitled, "Family Composition, Welfare Support, and Mortality." Even though most studies of the marital status gap in mortality rely on individual risk factors, individuals interact with, relate to, and live with other family members, including spouses, children, parents, grandchildren, and other relatives. Neglecting such rich social relations overlooks vast parts of individuals' lives. Family arrangements are affected by social support, social control, income, and age, as well as positions in the family. It is important to understand the familial context in which people live, since the family is a basic social institution and a central place in which the force of mortality operates. This study illuminates the relations between family composition and length of life among adults in the U.S.
Chuck Howe is working with colleagues in the Laboratory of Theoretical and Applied Economics in the Faculty of Economics at the University of Montpellier-1, France, on the basic theory of property rights and its application to comparative systems of management of natural resources, especially the differences between the French and western U.S. water systems. The results are to be presented to the annual conference of French economists at the University of Toulouse in May.
David Butler has been appointed to the editorial advisory board of "Natural Disaster Management." This is a volume that will summarize the accomplishments of the United Nations International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.
Mary Fran Myers was an invited speaker at the 6th International Meeting of the Colima Volcano sponsored by the Universidad de Colima in Colima, Mexico, from January 26-31. She spoke on "Facilitating Communication for Hazards Management in the 21st Century" and discussed the Natural Hazards Center as one model for accomplishing this kind of exchange of information. Also speaking at the meeting was Eve Gruntfest, former IBS graduate student, who is currently on sabbatical as a senior fellow at Colorado State University's Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere. Her paper focused on what lessons flood warning research can provide to volcano warning systems.
Dennis S. Mileti presented a keynote speech titled "Sustainable Natural Hazards Mitigation" at the forum "Emergency Management in the Small Islands: Learning from Natural Disasters and Forming Mitigation Strategies" sponsored by the Research Institute for Subtropics and the United Nations University. The forum was held in Naha, Okinawa, Japan on February 14. His presentation reported on the key findings from the project "Assessment of Research and Applications on Natural Hazards" and reported on multiple-objective hazards mitigation based on consensus in local communities about future losses and techniques for locals to live into those futures.
The International Computer Security Association has information about viruses and hoaxes at http://www.ncsa.com/services/consortia/anti-virus/alerthoax.html. Never download a file for use unless it is from a trusted source. Word and Excel files, in particular, should be scanned for macro viruses.
For computing and networking news and notes that should be of interest to IBS users see http://www.colorado.edu/IBS/DAC/news.html. If you have computing problems, questions, or comments send e-mail to SSDAC@Colorado.EDU.
The broad objective of this dissertation research is to place the Islamist resurgence in the context of global trends and to explore these questions through a case study of Islamist support in Istanbul. Turkey has seen an unprecedented groundswell of support for Islamist politics since the early 1990s. Although popular electoral support brought Islamist party (Refah Party) politicians to power in local (1994) and national (1995) elections, the party, which has now been banned, came increasingly under fire from those who support "secular democracy," most notably the military, state elite, and elements of the urban upper and upper-middle classes.
Turkey is not alone in its contentions with Islamist political mobilization. In many Middle Eastern states that sixty or eighty years ago, adopted a modernizing nationalist ideology (such as Iran, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey), the second half of the twentieth century has been marked by the rise of Islamist movements. The growth of political mobilization around Islamic agendas is often interpreted as a response to the failures, both economic and spiritual, of "modernization" projects undertaken by such regimes as the Pahlavi Shah's in Iran or Ataturk's in Turkey. On the other hand, Islamism has been viewed as a counterpoint to globalization processes, a manifestation of the paradoxical emergence of particularistic identities at a time of increasing global integration through transnational economic flows and communication technologies. My dissertation project will place these global-level explanations for the rise of Islamist politics within an integrated theoretical framework of modernization and globalization to explore the rise of Islam in Turkish politics and the role of women in the movement.
This project aims to construct an urban geography of Islamism in Istanbul, to explore the bases of support for Islamist politics in the urban context with particular attention to gender, migrant status, and class, and to investigate the role of women in the construction of Islamist support in Istanbul. This dissertation research will 1) use census and electoral data to construct an urban geography of Istanbul based on migrant status, class status, and electoral support for Islamist politics, 2) survey residents of various urban neighborhoods selected from the results of the first phase to explore the relationships between gender, migrant status, and class in the construction of Islamist support, and 3) conduct intensive interviews with women selected from these same contexts to explore in greater detail why and how women are involved in supporting Islamist politics. Taken together, these three phases will yield a contextually grounded analysis of the construction of Islamist support in Istanbul.
My aim is to expand our knowledge of Islam in Istanbul through a context-sensitive study of the bases of Islamist support among various segments of the population and through an in-depth analysis of women's motives and methods for supporting Islamist politics. This dissertation research will situate Islam in Istanbul within processes of industrialization and urbanization, of global integration and local fragmentation, and thus explore the new everyday spaces of Islamist politics and women.
In honor of the late Joseph L. Fisher, President of RFF, fellowships will be awarded for the coming academic year in support of doctoral dissertation research in issues related to the environment, natural resources, or energy. The fellowships carry a stipend of $12,000 for the academic year. This fellowship is intended to support graduate students in the final year of their dissertation research. Fellowship candidates must have completed the preliminary examination for the doctorate no later than February 1.
Contact: Coordinator for Academic Programs, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036-1400, Phone: 202-328-5067.
Kirk R. Williams
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence youth and guns project
Colorado Trust; 11/01/97 - 08/31/98; new; $100,000
There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.
Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483