IBS Newsletter

September 2001


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado


Kudos

Lori Peek-Gottschlich (graduate research assistant at the Natural Hazards Center) received a certificate from the McNair Scholars Program in recognition for serving as a mentor. The McNair Program (named after the African American astronaut, Ronald E. McNair, who was killed in the Challenger accident) is for first generation, low-income, or minority students. The program helps support undergraduates to complete a research project. Peek-Gottschlich is the mentor for Xochitl (a first generation Mexican American student).


Program Activities

Political and Economic Change Program

James R. Scarritt attended the 97th annual meeting of the American Political Science Association in San Francisco, California on August 30–September 2. He presented the paper (co-authored with Glen Galaich and Shaheen Mozaffar) “Aid, Ethnopolitical Cleavages and Human Rights in Africa.” It was the authors’ expectation before they began this analysis that international aid conditions and ethnopolitical competition share an equal role in the level of human rights violations across sub-Saharan Africa. It was not long before they realized that the interaction between ethnopolitical fragmentation and concentration has a strongly significant effect on the level of civil liberties and security rights. Thus, the authors argue that it is this strongly significant effect of ethnopolitical competition on the level of human rights protections in Africa that is their primary finding. The level of human rights protections in Africa (and possibly elsewhere) depends upon the configuration of ethnopolitical fragmentation and concentration for those groups with which state actors and their opposition identify.

In Print

Scarritt, James R., Susan M. McMillan, Shaheen Mozaffar. September 2001. “The Interaction Between Democracy and Ethnopolitical Protest and Rebellion in Africa.” Comparative Political Studies, 34(7), pp. 800-827. The authors reconcile theoretical and methodological differences between the Minorities at Risk (MAR) project andBratton and van de Walle’s 1997 analysis of democratic transitions occurring between 1990 and 1994. Analyses based on MAR have shown that protest in the 1980s was more likely to occur in more democratic African countries, whereas violent rebellion was more likely to occur in more autocratic countries. Bratton and van de Walle have shown that urban protests also occurred more frequently in more democratic countries. The authors replicate earlier findings that prior democracy is an important variable for explaining ethnopolitical protest and rebellion. The authors analyze the relationship between such ethnopolitical action and democratic transitions and levels of democracy in 1994 and show that democracy and worker-student protests are mutually reinforcing, whereas democracy and rebellion are mutually incompatible. They further demonstrate that ethnopolitical protest is neutral in its consequences for democratization.

Population Processes Program

Fred C. Pampel attended the American Sociological Association meeting in Anaheim, California on August 18-21. He organized and chaired a workshop entitled: “Proposal Development: Obtaining Funding for Your Dissertation/Research.”

Problem Behavior Program

In Print

Chambless, Dianne L., Angela D. Bryan, Leona S. Aiken, Gail Stekettee, Jill M. Hooley. 2001. “Predicting Expressed Emotion: A Study With Families of Obsessive-Compulsive and Agoraphobic Outpatients.” Journal of Family Psychology, 15(2), pp. 225-240. The authors used structural equation modeling to examine expressed emotion (EE) in relatives of outpatients with panic disorder with agoraphobia or obsessive-compulsive disorder. EE was examined as a function of patients’ illness and personality and as a function of characteristics of relatives themselves. EE was operationalized in terms of hostility on the Camberwell Family Interview (D.E. Vaugh & J.P. Leff, 1976) and patients’ ratings of their relatives’ criticism (perceived criticism). Key findings include the identification of a characteristic of the relative (self-reported angry thoughts feelings, and behaviors) that is directly linked to both hostility toward the patient and to perceived criticism, as well as a direct path between relatives’ low rates of observed problem solving and their hostility toward the patient. Patient pathology predicted perceived criticism but no observer-rated hostility.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Delbert S. Elliott was the keynote speaker at the National Association of School Safety and Law Enforcement Officers’ 32nd annual conference on July 18 in Denver.  His presented  “Safe Communities—Safe Schools: A Focus on Prevention.” On July 20, he was interviewed regarding “boot camps” and appeared on the ABC nightly news program WorldNews with Peter Jennings.

He attended the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s “Working Group on Research on Prevention of Alcohol-Related Violence” meeting in Bethesda, Maryland on July 24-26. On August 7, he participated in the Centers for Disease Control’s Science and Program Review Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee for Injury Prevention and Control meeting in Atlanta, Georgia. On August 13, he was the luncheon speaker at the Arapahoe County Sheriff's School Safety Summit in Englewood. On August 15, he participated with Attorney General Ken Salazar and Ed Guajardo Lucero, program manager for The Colorado Trust, at the Sheridan School District Safe Communities—Safe Schools and Bullying Prevention Kickoff, in Sheridan. Rhonda Ntepp, Jennifer Carroll, and Landa Heys also attended.

On July 12-13, Elliott and Sharon Mihalic hosted a group from the Child and Adolescent Services Research Program, Division of Services and Intervention Research, National Institute of Mental Health, regarding the Blueprints project and replication issues. On July 12, Mihalic took the group to meet with one of the Blueprints replication sites, Savio House, in Denver that is implementing the Multisystemic Therapy program. Implementation issues were discussed.

On August 7, Heys attended a meeting of the Colorado Coalition for Children.  Discussion centered on the functioning of the Coalition as well as possible policy advocacy opportunities.

On August 22, Bill Woodard, who has recently joined the Safe Communities—Safe Schools research team, presented an in-house training which focused on the use of strategic planning tools.  Jane Grady, Beverly Kingston, Grace Taylor, Gretta St. Martin, Holly Bell, Sheryl Cardozo, Jennifer Carrol, Rhonda Ntepp, Miriam Jebe, and Landa Heys attended.

Environment and Behavior Program

Lori M. Hunter was elected to a three-year term as an Executive Council member of the American Sociological Association’s Section on Environment, Technology, and Society.

In Print

Charles W. Howe and Chris Goemans (graduate student in economics) presented an up-dated version of their paper, “The Effects of Economic and Social Conditions on the Functioning of Water Markets” at the annual meeting of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, held at the University of Southampton, United Kingdom, on June 28-30. The objectives of the work are to characterize the types of transactions taking place (mostly agricultural to urban uses), the path of raw water prices over time (rising sharply in the last two years), and the impacts on income and employment of the reductions in agriculture as agricultural production is reduced. The empirical analysis has been extended to three river basins that differ dramatically in the health of their economies and social structures: the South Platte (booming with a broad mix of activities); the Arkansas (depressed with little new activity to replace agriculture); and the Upper Main Stem (UMS) of the Colorado River (Breckenridge to Grand Junction with specialized recreation dominating the upper part and traditional but high valued agriculture and horticulture dominating the lower part).  In the prosperous areas (South Platte and higher UMS) the transfer of water is generally for use of new activities in the same region, thus supporting rising economic activity, while changes in land use frequently take place for reasons unrelated to water. In the Arkansas where the regional economy is highly specialized in agriculture and has been depressed for decades, the transfers are generally for the use outside the basin, so the negative effects are felt in one place while the benefits accrue to another. The social effects are especially severe in the depressed exporting regions because of the agricultural specialization and demographic structure of an older work force. A case is made for extra-market compensation to depressed exporting areas to assist in the transition to new locations and the creation of new jobs.

White, Gilbert. 2001. “Two-year Review of Flood Insurance Underway.” The Open Channel, 12(5), p. 1. A brief account for storm-water and floodplain managers of the aim and probable schedule of an evaluation of the National Flood Insurance Program of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The Program has been underway at large Federal expense for 32 years but its results have never been carefully assessed. White has been appointed a member of the Steering Committee for the evaluation effort.

Natural Hazards Center

The Natural Hazards Center hosted the 26th Annual Hazards Research and Applications Workshop, July 15-18, at the Millennium Hotel here in Boulder. It was the largest workshop to date with 340 participants from across the country as well as from Canada, Japan, Thailand, El Salvador, Honduras, Turkey, Australia, Switzerland, and the Dominican Republic. The keynote speech was given by Michael Brown, Chief Counsel for the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Plenary sessions focused on balancing the economy and the environment in hazard mitigation, retrospective looks at recovery from disaster, the future of disaster management under the new administration, and a review of the Gujarat earthquake in India.

The Natural Hazards Center hosted Gary Webb, assistant professor of sociology at Oklahoma State University, for two weeks in July. Webb spent his time using the Center's specialized library for his hazards related research. His trip was made possible through a Big XII fellowship grant.


BITS and BYTES from SSDAC

Social Science Data Analysis Center

Jani S. Little attended the “Census 2000” workshop sponsored jointly by the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and the U.S. Census Bureau. It was held at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor on August 13-15. The workshop provided information about available data, data products, and Web access techniques.

Scheduled Workshops: A series of workshops will be offered this fall at SSDAC. Each will teach computer techniques useful for data analysis and information access. All workshops will be held in the IBS #4 computer lab from 3:00-5:00 PM. The dates specified are not definite and subject to change. If you are interested in attending any one of the workshops please register by e-mailto jani.little@colorado.edu.

Introduction to Stata Tuesday September 11
Introduction to SPSS Monday September 17
Internet Library Skills Tuesday September 25
Introduction to Excel Wednesday October 3
Census 2000 Thursday October 11

New Procedure for Requesting Computer Help: In the interest of making computer system support more streamlined and efficient, we would like you to make requests for hardware and software assistance through e-mail to ibshelp@colorado.edu. This procedure is not intended to apply to other forms of requests (statistical, data analysis, etc.).


In Focus

Notes from the Director

Jane A. Menken is the newly appointed Director of IBS. She is also professor in the Department of Sociology and Faculty Associate in the Population Program. She previously was the UPS Foundation Professor in the Social Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, where she was Director of the Population Studies Center for a six-year term. She has been elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

IBS is flourishing. I am delighted to be the new Director of an Institute that is increasingly recognized for the quality of its interdisciplinary research and the researchers and students associated with it. I feel honored that the IBS Board of Directors nominated me to succeed Richard Jessor and that the Graduate School and University followed their recommendation.

As the Self-Study prepared last year details, IBS has grown according to any number of measures: number of grants and funding for our research, publications, students involved in our research programs, and awards to our faculty associates.

With these successes comes responsibility to move in new directions. To our four existing programs, we are planning to add a fifth in Health Behavior. Angela Bryan came to IBS as an assistant professor of psychology into a position the Graduate School awarded to IBS to develop this new area.

IBS actively contributes to CU’s teaching mission. The new Certificate in Behavioral Science is in place. Our Natural Hazards Center and the Environment and Behavior Program have attracted two outstanding young sociologists, Lori Hunter (assistant professor of sociology with primary appointment in IBS) and David Pellow (assistant professor of sociology and ethnic studies).  They, with Dennis Mileti, proposed a new environmental sociology specialization in the Department of Sociology. The School of Arts and Sciences approved a search, now ongoing, for a senior sociology faculty member whose area of specialization is environment and hazards and who will be part of IBS.

This is an especially opportune time for IBS to consider moving in new productive directions. Three wonderful people have stepped down: Richard Jessor has, after 21 years as Director, given up his administrative responsibilities to continue in his 51st year of research and teaching; Mary Axe and Zeke Little retired after long affiliations with CU, 30 and 31 years respectively. We’re careful not to talk about replacements, because these are three truly irreplaceable people. But we have been fortunate in appointing outstanding successors to Mary and Zeke. Steve Graham is our new administrator, and Jani Little our new director of the Social Science Data Analysis Center (SSDAC). They are considering ways IBS can take advantage of new technologies and organization. Many of you have already received invitations from Jani to an expanded workshop series that includes web searching for research purposes and statistical techniques. SSDAC is setting up basic backup and virus protection systems that will benefit all of IBS. Steve is considering ways to extend the services he and the administrative staff can provide to IBS researchers, staff, and students.

I am discussing possible new initiatives with Board members and others and hope to do so with everyone associated with IBS. To that end, Steve, Jani, and I hope to meet with each program next month to discuss plans we are developing and have an opportunity to receive your suggestions about new and continuing directions for IBS. Of course, you can e-mail or call me before—or after—those meetings.

Welcome to the start of a new and promising IBS year!



Research Proposals Funded

Problem Behavior Program

Bryan, A. Alcohol use and HIV risk among adolescents on probation
NIAAA 07/01/01 – 06/30/02 cont

$73,700


Research Proposals Submitted

Problem Behavior Program

Belknap, J. Assessing the needs of delinquent girls in Colorado: interviews with professionals working with delinquent girls
St of Col/Dept HS 09/01/01 – 05/31/02 new

$24,895

Dunford, F. San Diego Navy experiment
San Diego St Univ Fdn 10/16/01 – 02/28/02 new

$300,287

Political and Economic Change Program

Staeheli, L. Community, immigration and the construction of citizenship
NSF 05/01/02 – 04/30/05 new

$288,043


Upcoming Colloquia

There is an online listing of upcoming and recent colloquia.


Institute of Behavioral Science

Jane Menken, Institute Director


IBS Newsletter

Julie Klauss and Sugandha Brooks, Co-editors
Richard L. Cook, Web Site Coordinator


Institute of Behavioral Science
University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309-0483

(303) 492-8147

IBS@Colorado.EDU